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Return or

Withhold or



Bills Return

Passed again in Council of States and House of People -> Assent


Bills Withhold

Absolute Veto

Bill is gone


Qualified Veto

President send for reconsideration

-> Bill passed with Higher majority

-> Veto Cancelled

-> Ascent


Suppressive Veto

President sends for reconsideration

-> Passed again

-> Assent


Pocket Veto

Not Constitutional Amendment

Not signed

Not Rejected

Not Returned


1986 Giani Zail Singh aid for India Post office Bill

Accepted 3 years later by R Venkataramanan


Presidential Veto

Government reserves states bill for President's consideration

Article 200


- Return

- Withhold

- Assent




Some terms regarding Parliament

1. Pro-Term Speaker

- President appoints

- Generally Senior Member

- Oath by President


2. Summoning

- Calling

- At least 2 years

- 6 Month Maximum



July to September - Monsoon

November to December - Winter

February to March - Budget


3. Adjourning

- Temporary suspension

- Specified time


4. Adjourning Sine Dine

- Adjourning for indefinite time


5. Prorogation

- When session ends

- Sine Dine

- Speaker gives prior order -> Final Decision of president

-> Release notification -> President signs


6. Dissolution

- Session ends



Automatic 5 Years

Random President


Committee, efforts to stay bill



7. Quorum


No Quorum

- Adjourn or

- Suspend


8. languages used in Parliament

- Article 120

- Hindi, English

- Speaker / Chairman may allow mother tougue


9. Lame Duck Session

Last session of old Loksabha after a new Loksabha is elected


10. Bill

Public Bill

- by Government

- Presented by Minister

- Rejection 0%


Private Bill

- by Opposition

- Presented by Opposition

- Rejection 100%

- 30 day notice


Types of Bills

1. Ordinary Bill

Bills not financial:

CAA, IPC amendment, IBC etc


1. First reading

- Either house introduces

- No discussion

- Only reading

- Published in gazette for other members to read


2. Second Reading

Detailed reading, clause by clause


3. Third Reading

- Debate

- As a whole accept or not

- No talk about amendment


4. Transfer to other House

- Same procedures

Pass without objection

Give back with amendment i.e. rejected



5. Assent

2nd House

- Pass -> Assent

- or Pass with amendment -> to First House or Assent

- Reject or

- Pending



1st House and Rejects Amendments -> Pending -> Deadlock

President summons Joint session

51% present and voting


2. Money Bill

Imposition of Tax, Abolition of Ta, Revision, Alteration

- Council of Ministers

- Parliament

Borrowings, Consolidated Fund of India, Contingency fund, Public Account, Audit etc



Loksabha + Prior recommendation of President -> Passed in Lok Sabha ->

Rajya Sabha Consideres

- Cannot Reject

- Return in 14 days

- Can give recommendations


Rajya Sabha



14 days Accept


Lok Sabha

Accept Recommendations -> President -> Assent

or Reject - Recommendations -> President -> Withhold




Difference Between Ordinary Bill and Money Bill

Ordinary Bill Money Bill
Either House Lok Sabha
Non-Financial Financial
No Reconsideration and Pass Reconsideration and Pass
Reject then Pass Reject Cannot Pass
Joint Session No Joint Session
No 14 days limit 14 days limit
Minister + MP Minister


3. Financial Bill

Different than money bills

Annual Financial Statement - Budget


Money Bill

Financial Bill Type 1

Not money bills. Much more

e.g. Borrowings, receipt etc

Introduction in Loksabha


Prior recommendation

Will not go to Rajya Sabha

Money Procedure

Article 117(1)


Financial Bill Type 2

e.g. Consolidated Fund of India

Article 117(3)

Prior Recommendation

Rajya Sabha

Ordinary Procedure


If bill is hanged and Lok Sabha dissolves, new Lok Sabha will decide.

Joint Session Presiding

1. Speaker

2. Deputy Speaker

3. Deputy Chairman


4. Constitutional Amendment Bill

e.g. 104th Amendment

From South African Constitution

1. Simple Majority 50% + Members President and Vice President

2. Absolute Majority 50% + of total strength

3. Effective Majority 50% of effective majority

i.e. 50% of (total strength - vacancies)


4. Special Majority

(a) Rajya Sabha all India Services Committee. Rajya Sabha want to add to state list = 2/3 President and Vice President

(b) Fundamental Right

51% of total + 2/3 President & Vice President

(c) Impeachment

2/3 of Total


5. Special Majority of Parliament + consent of 1/2

Election of President, Judge provisions, Schedule 7, 2/3 (P&V) + Half States 50%+ States representing in Parliament

6. Constitutional Amendment

i. Introduction in either house

ii. 50% of total + 2/3 President & Vice President (LS+RS)


7. Federal Provisions Schedule 7

i. Introduced in either house

ii. 50% of total +2/3 President & Vice President (LS+RS) + 1/2 State Legislature President and Vice President

ii. Assent cannot be denied.



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