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Directive Principles of State Policy

Borrowed from Irish Constitution

Novel feature of constitution - B. R. Ambedkar

Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Rights are conscience of constitution - Granville Austin

Instrument of Instruction from Government of India Act, 1935 and Directive Principles of State Policy are similar - B R Ambedkar

Non- Justiciable.

42nd Amendment

- Article 39

- Article 39A inserted

- Article 43A inserted

- Article 48A inserted

44th Amendment - Article 38

86th Amendment - Article 45

97th Amendment - Article 43B inserted



Article 36 - Definition (Same as article 12)

Article 37 - Application of Principles contained in this part.

Article 38 - State to Secure a Social order for the promotion of welfare of people

(1) Same

(2) Reduce inequalities

Article 39 - Certain Principles to be followed by the State:

(a) Adequate means of livelihood

(b) Ownership and control, material resources

(c) Operation of economic system does not result in the concentration of wealth and means of production to the common detriment.

(d) Equal pay

(e) Wealth & Strength, age children abuse, suited jobs

(f) Children, opportunities, facilities.  

Article 39A - Equal Justice and free legal aid

Article 40 - Organisation of village panchayat

Article 41 - Right to work, Right to Education, Right to public assistance in certain cases

Article 42 - Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief.

Article 43 - Living wages

Article 43A - Participation of workers in management of industries

Article 43B - Cooperative Societies

Article 44 - Uniform Civil Code

Article 45 - Provision for free and compulsory education for children age 0-6.

Article 46 - Promotion of educational and economic interests of SCs, STs and other weaker sections

Article 47 - Duty of state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.

Article 48 - Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry

Article 48A - Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life.

Article 49 - Protection of monuments and places and objects of National Importance

Article 50 - Separation of executive from judiciary

Article 51 - Promotion of International peace and Security





State of Madras Vs Champakam Dorairajan - Fundamental Rights, DPSP

2. Golaknath Case

- Fundamental Rights cannot be amended

3. Kesavananda Bharti Vs State of Kerala

- Fundamental Rights can be amended

4. Minerva Mills Vs Union of India

- Balance between Fundamental Rights and DPSP.

Union of India Vs Naveen Jindal

- Right to Hoist National Flag

Shyam Narayan Choudhury Vs Union of India

- National Anthem


Note for LLB Entrance Examinations

Muslim Law

Muslim Law in brief

Nikah- Muslim Marriage Conditions

Talaq - Muslim Divorce Law

Hindu Law

Hindu Marriage Act in Brief

Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act 1956

Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act 1956

Hindu Succession Act 1956 Notes

Special Marriage Act 1954 Notes

Historic Development of Law in India

Constitution of India

Preamble of the Constitution of India

Fundamental Rights in Constitution of India

Article 32 Remedies for enforcement of rights

Directive Principles of State Policy

Fundamental Duties

Executive, Judiciary, President, VP

Extent of Powers of Union, Supreme Court etc

State Judiciary, High Court, Lower Courts

Parliament, Council of states, house of people

Introduction and passing bills, budget etc

State Legislature, Composition, duration

Bills, Money Bill, Finance Bill, Proceedings

Emergency - National, State, Financial


Non Constitutional Bodies, Niti ayog, NHRC etc

Panchayat, Municipality, Cooperative Societies

Important amendments to the Constitution

PIL - Public Interest Litigation, Judicial Review

Doctrine of Basic Structure in Constitution

Indian Citizenship law

Constitution of India Schedules and Provisions

Criminal Laws

Theft, Extortion, Robbery, Cheating etc

Tress Pass, Negligence, Nuisance, Defamation

Liability - Vicarious, Strict, Absolute Liability

Crime, Stages, Elements, General Exceptions

IPC Chapter, Provisions and Sections

Crime, origin, Elements, Stages  Exceptions

Indian Penal Code Sections and Description

Other Laws, International bodies etc

Law of Torts - Civil Tort, Criminal Tort

Contract Essentials valid, void, voidable

United Nations, UNGA, UNSC, ICJ, UN ECOSOC

List of International Bodies

Treaty, Convention, Protocol, Summit etc..

World Intellectual Property Organization

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