It is a usual practice taking loan for a specific period with pledge of security. Such loan will have specific percentage of interest. Loan agreement should contain term of loan, loan amount, interest rate, period of loan and description of security. The agreement should be signed by at least two witnesses.
Sample Format of Loan agreement for loan by pledging assets is given below.
This Agreement is made at ______________ on this _________ day of _______, 20__
___________Ltd, a Company incorporated under the Companies Act, 2013 having
its Registered Office at ___________________________ (hereinafter referred to as
Lender") which term or expression shall unless excluded by or repugnant to the subject or context hereof shall mean and include its heirs, successors and assigns of the ONE PART
I. M/s ________________________Ltd, a Company incorporated under the
Companies Act, 1956 having its Registered Office at ____________________
(hereinafter referred to as "The Borrower") which terms or expression shall
unless excluded by or repugnant
to the subject or context hereof shall mean and include its heirs, successors and assigns of the SECOND PART
II. M/s _____________________ Ltd, a Company incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956 having its Registered Office at __________________ (hereinafter referred to as "The Pledger") which terms or expression shall unless excluded by or repugnant to the subject or context hereof shall mean and include its heirs, successors and assigns of the THIRD PART.
A. The Borrower is one of the entities in the group of Companies, ____________ Limited, a Company incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 having its Registered Office at ___________________________ has a paid up capital of Rs. ______ Lakh as on _________ (date).
B. The Borrowers has approached "The Lender" for grant of inter corporate deposit of Rs. _______/- (Rupees __________ only) for a period of _____ days beginning from the date of disbursal of loan i.e._________.
C. The Lender has favorably considered the request of the Borrower and has agreed to lend and advance a secured interest carrying inter-corporate deposit of Rs. _________ (Rupees _________ only) to the Borrower on the terms and conditions and covenants as follows.
D. The Pledger has agreed to secure the timely repayment of the loan along
with interest by creating in favour of the Lender Pledge with the securities
fully stated in the
Annexure Annexed hereto and treated as an integral part of this Agreement.
NOW THIS AGREEMENT WITNESSETH AS FOLLOWS:
1. At the request of the Borrower the Lender lends an advance to the Borrower an inter corporate deposit of Rs. ____________ (Rupees ___________only) for a period of _______ days beginning from the date of disbursal i.e.________
2. The said inter corporate deposit shall carry an interest @ _____% per annum payable with ________ rests. In case of delay or default in payment, whether of the principal or of the interest or any part thereof the Lender shall be entitled and the borrower shall be liable to pay a penal interest @ _% per annum over and above the interest mentioned hereinabove.
3. As a security towards timely repayment of loan along with interest, the Pledger has agreed to pledge in favour of the Lender, fully paid up equity shares, standing in the name of Pledger as stated in the Annexure annexed hereto and treated as an integral part of the agreement in the equity capital of ____ Limited, a company incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 having its Registered Office at _____________________________. The Equity shares of _________ Ltd are listed at _______ Stock Exchange and the current market price of shares is agreed to be Rs. ____/- per share.
4. In case the Lender sends the notice to the Borrower to make good the margin in the securities (_____% in this case) and the Borrower fails and/or neglects to make good the margin within the stipulated period as mentioned in the notice the Borrower shall be deemed to have committed default of the terms of this agreement and in that event it shall be lawful for the Lender (but not compulsory) to demand from the Borrower repayment of the loan along with the interest then outstanding and the Borrower shall be liable to repay the loan in full along with interest thereon without any objection and/or demur.
5. It is thus agreed that the Borrower shall pledge equity shares of _____
Ltd details whereof are given in Annexure-I enclosed hereto and treated as part
of this agreement
6. It is expressly agreed by and between the parties hereto that in case of downward revision in the market price of the equity shares of _____ Ltd, the Borrower/ Pledger shall on its own, pledge in favour of the Lender such other shares of _____ Ltd so as to ensure ______ % margin between the amount of loan along with interest and the securities.
7. In case the Borrower fails and/or neglects to repay the amount of loan or the amount of interest on the due date it shall be lawful for the Lender to sell or dispose off, at the cost and expenses of the borrower, all or some of the equity shares of ____ Ltd either by way of private arrangement or in the open market and to apply the net proceeds thereof towards satisfaction of the amount of loan or the interest, then outstanding.
8. The Borrower agrees that any accretion the securities pledged with the Lender by way of dividend, bonus/rights issue etc. accruing from time to time shall be deemed to be pledged with the Lender and the Borrower shall, on its own take expeditious steps to create a pledge in favour of the Lender.
9. It is agreed that the Borrower shall execute a Demand Promissory Note in favour of the Lender.
10. The Borrower/ Pledger agree and undertake to execute in favour of the Lender all such documents/papers, including fresh transfer deeds, as may be required by the Lender from time to time.
11. The Borrower/ Pledger have agreed to constitute nominate and appoint the Lenders as its true and lawful attorney to do all such deeds and things in respect of the said ______(No. of Shares) Equity Shares of _____ Ltd as may be pledged/hypothecated by the Borrower to the Lender.
12. It is agreed that the liability of the Pledger is jointly and severally along with the liabilities of the Borrowe and the same is co-extensive.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the parties herein have signed this agreement in
all terms stated above on the date and place mentioned hereinabove.
172. 'Pledge', 'pawnor' and 'pawnee' defined
The bailment of goods as security for payment of a debt or performance of a
promise is called 'pledge'. The bailor is in this case called the 'pawnor'. The
bailee is called 'pawnee'. -The bailment of goods as security for payment of a
debt or performance of a promise is called 'pledge'. The bailor is in this case
called the 'pawnor'. The bailee is called 'pawnee'.".
A pledged asset is a valuable possession that is transferred to a lender to secure a debt or loan. A pledged asset is collateral held by a lender in return for lending funds. Pledged assets can reduce the down payment that is typically required for a loan as well as reduces the interest rate charged. Pledged assets can include cash, stocks, bonds, and other equity or securities.
The borrower will transfer a pledged asset to the lender, but the borrower still maintains ownership of the valuable possession. Should the borrower default, the lender has legal recourse to take ownership of the asset pledged. The borrower retains all dividend or other earnings from the asset during the time it is pledged.
The asset is merely collateral for the lender in the event of borrower default. However, for the borrower, the pledged asset could help considerably with gaining approval for the loan. Using the asset to secure the note may let the borrower demand a lower interest rate on the note then they would have had with an unsecured loan. Typically, pledged-asset loans provide borrowers with better interest rates than unsecured loans.
Once the loan is paid off and the debt is fully satisfied, the lender transfers the pledged asset back to the borrower. The type and value of pledged assets for a loan are usually negotiated between the lender and borrower.