What is Special Reference under Article 143 of the Constitution? Order XLII of Supreme Court Rules 2013
1. On the receipt by the Registrar of the Order of the President referring a question of law or fact to the Court under article 143 of the Constitution the Registrar shall give notice to the Attorney-General for India to appear before the Court on a day specified in the notice to take the directions of the Court as to the parties who shall be served with notice of such reference, and the Court may, if it considers it desirable, order that notice of such reference, shall be served upon such parties as may be named in the order.
2. Subject to the directions of the Court the notice shall require all such parties served therewith as desired to be heard at the hearing of the reference to attend before the Court on the day fixed by the order to take the directions of the Court with respect to statements of facts and arguments and with respect, to the date of the hearing.
3. Subject to the provisions of this Order, on a reference under article 143 of the Constitution, the Court shall follow as nearly as may be the same procedure as is followed in proceedings before the Court in the exercise of its original jurisdiction, but with such variations as may appear to the Court to be appropriate and as the Court may direct.
4. After the hearing of the reference under article 143 of the Constitution the Registrar shall transmit to the President the report of the Court thereon.
5. The Court may make such order as it thinks fit as to the costs of all parties served with notice under these rules and appearing at the hearing of the reference under article 143 of the Constitution.
(E) ELECTION PETITIONS