47. After section 136 of the principal Act, the following section shall be
'136A. (1) The State Government shall ensure electronic monitoring and enforcement of road safety in the manner provided under sub-section (2) on national highways, state highways, roads or in any urban city within a State which has a population up to such limits as may be prescribed by the Central Government.
(2) The Central Government shall make rules for the electronic monitoring and enforcement of road safety including speed cameras, closed-circuit television cameras, speed guns, body wearable cameras and such other technology.
Explanation.-For the purpose of this section the expression "body wearable camera" means a mobile audio and video capture device worn on the body or uniform of a person authorised by the State Government.'.
48. In section 137 of the principal Act,-
(i) after clause (a), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:-
"(aa) providing for the standards of protective headgear and measures for the safety of children below the age of four years riding under section 129;";
(ii) after clause (b), the following clauses shall be inserted, namely:-
"(c) providing for limits of urban city by the State Governments under sub-section (1) of section 136A; and
(d) providing for electronic monitoring and enforcement under sub-section (2) of section 136A.".
49. In section 138 of the principal Act, after sub-section (1), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:- "(1A) The State Government may, in the interest of road safety, make rules for the purposes of regulating the activities and access of non-mechanically propelled vehicles and pedestrians to public places and national highways: Provided that in the case of national highways, such rules shall be framed in consultation with the National Highways Authority of India.".
Omission of Chapter X
50. Chapter X in the principal Act shall be omitted
Substitution of new Chapter XI for Chapter XI
51. For Chapter XI of the principal Act, the following Chapter shall be substituted, namely:-
'CHAPTER XI INSURANCE OF MOTOR VEHICLES AGAINST THIRD PARTY RISKS
Section 145. In this Chapter,-
(a) "authorised insurer" means an insurer for the time being carrying on general insurance business in India and granted a certificate of registration by the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India established under section 3 of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999 and any Government insurance fund authorised to do general insurance business under the General Insurance Business (Nationalisation) Act, 1972;
(b) "certificate of insurance" means a certificate issued by an authorised insurer in pursuance of section 147 and includes a cover note complying with such requirements as may be prescribed, and where more than one certificate has been issued in connection with a policy, or where a copy of a certificate has been issued, all those certificates or that copy, as the case may be;
(c) "grievous hurt" shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in section 320 of the Indian Penal Code;
(d) "hit and run motor accident" means an accident arising out of the use of a motor vehicle or motor vehicles the identity whereof cannot be ascertained in spite of reasonable efforts for the purpose;
(e) "Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority" means the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority established under section 3 of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999;
(f) "policy of insurance" includes certificate of insurance;
(g) "property" includes roads, bridges, culverts, causeways, trees, posts, milestones and baggage of passengers and goods carried in any motor vehicle;
(h) "reciprocating country" means any such country as may on the basis of reciprocity be notified by the Central Government in the Official Gazette to be a reciprocating country for the purposes of this Act;
(i) "third party" includes the Government, the driver and any other co-worker on a transport vehicle.
Necessity for insurance against third party risks
Section 146. (1) No person shall use, except as a passenger, or cause or allow any other person to use, a motor vehicle in a public place, unless there is in force, in relation to the use of the vehicle by that person or that other person, as the case may be, a policy of insurance complying with the requirements of this Chapter:
Provided that in the case of a vehicle carrying, or meant to carry, dangerous or hazardous goods, there shall also be a policy of insurance under the Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991.
Explanation.-For the purposes of this sub-section, a person driving a motor vehicle merely as a paid employee, while there is in relation to the use of the vehicle no such policy in force as is required by this sub-section, shall not be deemed to act in contravention of the sub-section unless he knows or has reason to believe that there is no such policy in force.
(2) The provisions of sub-section (1) shall not apply to any vehicle owned by the Central Government or a State Government and used for purposes not connected with any commercial enterprise.
(3) The appropriate Government may, by order, exempt from the operation of sub-section (1), any vehicle owned by any of the following authorities, namely:-
(a) the Central Government or a State Government, if the vehicle is used for purposes connected with any commercial enterprise;
(b) any local authority;
(c) any State Transport Undertaking:
Provided that no such order shall be made in relation to any such authority unless a fund has been established and is maintained by that authority in such manner as may be prescribed by appropriate Government.
Explanation.-For the purposes of this sub-section, "appropriate Government" means the Central Government or a State Government, as the case may be, and-
(i) in relation to any corporation or company owned by the Central Government or any State Government, means the Central Government or that State Government;
(ii) in relation to any corporation or company owned by the Central Government and one or more State Governments, means the Central Government;
(iii) in relation to any other State Transport Undertaking or any local authority, means that Government which has control over that undertaking or authority.