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CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 1908

ORDER XXII DEATH, MARRIAGE AND INSOLVENCY OF PARTIES

What is the meaning of No abatement by party's death if right to sue survives? What is the Procedure where one of several plaintiffs or defendants dies and right to sue survives? What is the Procedure in case of death of one of several plaintiff or of sole plaintiff? What is the Procedure in case of death of one of several defendants or of sole defendant? What is Determination of question as to legal representative? What is the meaning of No abatement by reason of death after hearing? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Order XXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

 

What is the meaning of Suit not abated by marriage of female party? When plaintiffs insolvency bars suit? What is the Effect of abatement or dismissal? What is the Procedure in case of assignment before final order in suit? What is the Duty of pleader to communicate to Court death of a party? What is Application of Order to appeals? What is Application of Order to proceedings? Rule 7, 8, 9, 10, 10A, 11 and 12 of Order XXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXIII WITHDRAWAL AND ADJUSTMENT OF SUITS

What is Withdrawal of suit or abandonment of part of claim? Rule 1 of Order XXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXIV PAYMENT INTO COURT

What is the meaning of Deposit by defendant of amount in satisfaction of claim? What is Notice of deposit? Is Interest on deposit not allowed to plaintiff after notice? What is the Procedure where plaintiff accepts deposit as satisfaction in part? Rule 1, 2, 3 and 4 of Order XXIV of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXV SECURITY FOR COSTS

When security for costs may be required front plaintiff? What is the Effect of failure to furnish security? Rule 1 and 2 of Order XXV of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

 

ORDER XXVI COMMISSIONS

What are the Cases in which Court may issue commission to examine witness? What is Order for commission? Where witness resides within Court's jurisdiction? Persons for whose examination commission may issue? Process when Commission or request to examine witness not within India? Is Court to examine witness pursuant to Commission? What is Return of commission with depositions of witnesses? When depositions may be read in evidence? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What are Commissions to make local investigations? What is Procedure of Commissioner? What is Commission for scientific investigations? Who will be in Commission for performance of a ministerial act? How to constitute Commission for the sale of movable property? Rule 9, 10, 10A, 10B and 10C of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is Commission to examine or adjust accounts? What is the meaning Court to give Commissioner necessary instructions? What is Commission to make partition of immovable property? What is Procedure of Commissioner? Rule 11, 12, 13 and 14 of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

Is Expenses of commission to be paid into Court? What are the Powers of Commissioners? What are the Questions objected to before the Commissioner? Attendance and examination of witnesses before Commissioner, Are Parties to appear before Commissioner? Application of Order to execution proceedings, Is Court to fix a time for return of commission? Rule 15, 16, 16A, 17, 18, 18A and 18B of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What are the cases in which High Court may issue commission to examine witness? What is Application for issue of commission? To whom commission may be issued? How to Issue, execution and return of commissions, and transmission of evidence to foreign Court? Rule 19, 20, 21 and 22 of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXVII SUITS BY OR AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT OR PUBLIC OFFICERS IN THEIR OFFICIAL CAPACITY

What are the Suits by or against Government? Who are Persons authorised to act for Government? What is Plaints in suits by or against Government? What is the meaning of Agent for Government to receive process? What is Fixing of day for appearance on behalf of Government? Is Government to be joined as a party in a suit against a public officer? What is the Duty of Court in suits against the Government or a public officer to assist in arriving at a settlement? Attendance of person able to answer questions relating to suit against Government, Extension of time to enable public officer to make reference to Government, What is the Procedure in suits against public officer? Is No security to be required from Government or a public officer in certain cases? What is Definitions of "Government" and "Government pleader"? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8A and 8B of Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXVII A SUITS INVOLVING A SUBSTANTIAL QUESTION OF LAW AS TO THE INTERPRETATION OF THE CONSTITUTION OR AS TO THE VALIDITY OF ANY STATUTORY INSTRUMENT

Notice to the Attorney General or the Advocate - General, What is the Procedure in suits involving validity of any statutory instrument? Court may add Government as party? What is the Power of Court to add Government or other authority as a defendant in a suit relating to the validity of any statutory instrument? Costs, What is Application of Order to appeals? Rule 1, 1A, 2, 2A, 3 and 4 of Order XXVII A of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXVIII SUITS BY OR AGAINST MILITARY OR NAVAL MEN OR AIRMEN

Can Officers, soldiers, sailors or airmen who cannot obtain leave may authorize any person to sue or defend for them? Person so authorized may act personally or appoint pleader, Service on person so authorized, or on his pleader, to be good service? Rule 1, 2 and 3 of Order XXVIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXIX SUITS BY OR AGAINST CORPORATIONS

What is Subscription and verification of pleading? How Service on corporation? What is Power to require personal attendance of officer of corporation? Rule 1, 2 and 3 of Order XXIX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXX SUITS BY OR AGAINST FIRMS AND PERSONS CARRYING ON BUSINESS IN NAMES OTHER THAN THEIR OWN

How is Suing of partners in name of firm? Disclosure of partners’ names, Service, What are the Rights of suit on death of partner? Notice in what capacity served? Appearance of partners, No appearance except by partners, What is Appearance under protest? Suits between co-partners, Suit against person carrying on business in name other than his own ? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 of Order XXX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXII DEATH, MARRIAGE AND INSOLVENCY OF PARTIES - RULE 7, 8, 9, 10, 10A, 11, 12 OF CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 1908

What is the meaning of Suit not abated by marriage of female party? When plaintiffs insolvency bars suit? What is the Effect of abatement or dismissal? What is the Procedure in case of assignment before final order in suit? What is the Duty of pleader to communicate to Court death of a party? What is Application of Order to appeals? What is Application of Order to proceedings? Rule 7, 8, 9, 10, 10A, 11 and 12 of Order XXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

Suit not abated by marriage of female party, When plaintiffs insolvency bars suit, Effect of abatement or dismissal, Procedure in case of assignment before final order in suit, Duty of pleader to communicate to Court death of a party, Application of Order to appeals and Application of Order to proceedings are defined under Rule 7, 8, 9, 10, 10A, 11 and 12 of Order XXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908. Provisions under these Rules are:

Rule 7 Order XXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Suit not abated by marriage of female party"

(1) The marriage of a female plaintiff or defendant shall not cause the suit to abate, but the suit may notwithstanding be proceeded with to judgment, and, where the decree is against a female defendant, it may be executed against her alone.

(2) Where the husband is by law liable for the debts of his wife, the decree may, with the permission of the Court, be executed against the husband also; and in case of judgment for the wife, execution of the decree may, with such permission, be issued upon the application of the husband, where the husband is by law entitled to the subject matter of the decree.

Rule 8 Order XXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "When plaintiffs insolvency bars suit"

(1) The insolvency of a plaintiff in any suit which the assignee or receiver might maintain for the benefit of his creditors, shall not cause the suit to abate, unless such assignee or receiver declines to continue the suit or (unless for any special reason the Court otherwise directs) to give security for the costs thereof within such time as the Court may direct.

(2) Procedure where assignee fails to continue suit, or give security- Where the assignee or receiver neglects or refuses to continue the suit and to give such security within the time so ordered, the defendant may apply for the dismissal of the suit on the ground of the plaintiff's insolvency, and the Court may make an order dismissing the suit and awarding to the defendant the costs which he has insured in defending the same to be proved as a debt against the plaintiff's estate.

Rule 9 Order XXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Effect of abatement or dismissal"

(1) Where a suit abates or is dismissed under this Order, no fresh suit shall be brought on the same cause of action.

(2) The plaintiff or the person claiming to be the legal representative of a deceased plaintiff or the assignee or the receiver in the case of an insolvent plaintiff may apply for an order to set aside the abatement or dismissal; and if it is proved that he was prevented by any sufficient cause from continuing the suit, the Court shall set aside the abatement or dismissal upon such terms as to costs or otherwise as it thinks fit.

(3) The provisions of section 5 of the 46Indian Limitation Act, 1877 (15 of 1877) shall apply to applications under sub-rule (2).

2[Explanation.-Nothing in this rule shall be construed as barring, in any later suit, a defence based on the facts which constituted the cause of action in the suit which had abated or had been dismissed under this Order.

Rule 10 Order XXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Procedure in case of assignment before final order in suit"

 (1) In other cases of an assignment, creation or devolution of any interest during the pendency of a suit, the suit may, by leave of the Court, be continued by or against the person to or upon whom such interest has come or devolved.

(2) The attachment of a decree pending an appeal therefrom shall be deemed to be an interest entitling the person who procured such attachment to the benefit of sub-rule (1).

Rule 10A Order XXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Duty of pleader to communicate to Court death of a party"

Wherever a pleader appearing for a party to the suit comes to know of the death of that party, he shall inform the Court about it, and the Court shall there upon give notice of such death to the other party, and, for this purpose, the contract between the pleader and the deceased party shall be deemed to subsist.

Rule 11 Order XXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Application of Order to appeals"

In the application of this Order to appeals, so far as may. be, the word "plaintiff" shall be held to include an appellant, the word "defendant" a respondent, and the word "suit" an appeal.

Rule 12 Order XXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Application of Order to proceedings"

Nothing in rules 3, 4 and 8 shall apply to proceedings in execution of a decree or order.

 

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