ORDER XXVII SUITS BY OR AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT OR PUBLIC OFFICERS IN THEIR OFFICIAL CAPACITY - RULE 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8A, 8B OF CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 1908

What are the Suits by or against Government? Who are Persons authorised to act for Government? What is Plaints in suits by or against Government? What is the meaning of Agent for Government to receive process? What is Fixing of day for appearance on behalf of Government? Is Government to be joined as a party in a suit against a public officer? What is the Duty of Court in suits against the Government or a public officer to assist in arriving at a settlement? Attendance of person able to answer questions relating to suit against Government, Extension of time to enable public officer to make reference to Government, What is the Procedure in suits against public officer? Is No security to be required from Government or a public officer in certain cases? What is Definitions of "Government" and "Government pleader"? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8A and 8B of Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

Suits by or against Government, Persons authorised to act for Government, Plaints in suits by or against Government, Agent for Government to receive process, Fixing of day for appearance on behalf of Government, Government to be joined as a party in a suit against a public officer, Duty of Court in suits against the Government or a public officer to assist in arriving at a settlement, Attendance of person able to answer questions relating to suit against Government, Extension of time to enable public officer to make reference to Government, Procedure in suits against public officer, No security to be required from Government or a public officer in certain cases and Definitions of "Government" and "Government pleader" are defined under Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8A and 8B of Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908. Provisions under these Rules are:


 

Rule 1 Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Suits by or against Government"

In any suit by or against the Government, the plaint or written statement shall be signed by such person as the Government may, by general or special order, appoint in this behalf, and shall be verified by any person whom the Government may so appoint and who is acquainted with the facts of the case.

Rule 2 Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Persons authorised to act for Government"

Persons being ex officio or otherwise authorised to act for the Government in respect of any judicial proceeding shall be deemed to be the recognised agents by whom appearances, acts and applications under this Code may be made or done on behalf of the Government.

Rule 3 Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Plaints in suits by or against Government"

In suits by or against the Government, instead of inserting in the plaint the name and description and place of residence of the plaintiff or defendant, it shall be sufficient to insert the appropriate name as provided in section 79.

Rule 4 Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Agent for Government to receive process"

The Government pleader in any Court shall be the agent of the Government for the purpose of receiving processes against the Government issued by such Court.

Rule 5 Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Fixing of day for appearance on behalf of Government"

The Court, in fixing the day for the Government to answer to the plaint, shall allow a reasonable time for the necessary communication with the Government through the proper channel, and for the issue of instructions to the Government pleader to appear and answer on behalf of the Government, and may extend the time at its discretion but the time so extended shall not exceed two months in the aggregate.

Rule 5A Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Government to be joined as a party in a suit against a public officer"

Where a suit is instituted against a public officer for damages or other relief in respect of any act alleged to have been done by him in his official capacity, the Government shall be joined as a party to the suit.

Rule 5B Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Duty of Court in suits against the Government or a public officer to assist in arriving at a settlement"

(1) In every suit or proceeding to which the Government, or a public officer acting in his official capacity, is a party, it shall be the duty of the Court to make, in the first instance, every endeavour, where it is possible to do so consistently with the nature and circumstances of the case, to assist the parties in arriving at a settlement in respect of the subject-matter of the suit.

(2) If, in any such suit or proceeding, at any stage, it appears to the Court that there is a reasonable possibility of a settlement between the parties, the Court may adjourn the proceeding for such period as it thinks fit, to enable attempts to be made to effect such a settlement.

(3) The power conferred under sub-rule (2) is in addition to any other power of the Court to adjourn proceedings.

Rule 6 Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Attendance of person able to answer questions relating to suit against Government"

The Court may also, in any case in which the Government pleader is not accompanied by any person on the part of the Government who may be able to answer any material questions relating to the suit, direct the attendance of such a parson.

Rule 7 Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Extension of time to enable public officer to make reference to Government"

(1) Where the defended is a public officer and, on receiving the summons, considers it proper to make a reference to the Government before answering the plaint, he may apply to the Court to grant such extension of the time fixed in the summons as may be necessary to enable him to make such reference and to receive orders thereon through the proper channel.

(2) Upon such application the Court shall extend the time for so long as appears to it to be necessary.

Rule 8 Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Procedure in suits against public officer"

(1) Where the Government undertakes the defence of a suit against a public officer, the Government pleader, upon being furnished with authority to appear and answer the plaint, shall apply to the Court, and upon such application the Court shall cause a note of his authority to be entered in the register of civil suits.

(2) Where no application under sub-rule (1) is made by the 18[Government pleader] on or before the day fixed in the notice for the defendant to appear and answer, the case shall proceed as in a suit between private parties :

Provided that the defendant shall not be liable to arrest, nor his property to attachment, otherwise than in execution of a decree.

Rule 8A Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "No security to be required from Government or a public officer in certain cases"

No such security as is mentioned in rules 5 and 6 to Order XLI shall be required from the Government or, where the Government has undertaken the defence of the suit, from any public officer sued in respect of an act alleged to be done by him in his official capacity.

Rule 8B Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Definitions of "Government" and "Government pleader""

In this Order unless otherwise expressly, provided "Government" and "Government pleader" mean respectively-

(a) in relation to any suit by or against the Central Government, or against a public officer in the service of that Government, the Central Government and such pleader as that Government may appoint whether generally or specially for the purposes of this Order;

(c) in relation to any suit by or against a State Government or against a public officer in the service of a State, the State Government and the Government pleader as defined in clause (7) of section 2, or such other pleader as the State Government may appoint, whether generally or specially, for the purposes of this Order.

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