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CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 1908

ORDER XXII DEATH, MARRIAGE AND INSOLVENCY OF PARTIES

What is the meaning of No abatement by party's death if right to sue survives? What is the Procedure where one of several plaintiffs or defendants dies and right to sue survives? What is the Procedure in case of death of one of several plaintiff or of sole plaintiff? What is the Procedure in case of death of one of several defendants or of sole defendant? What is Determination of question as to legal representative? What is the meaning of No abatement by reason of death after hearing? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Order XXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

 

What is the meaning of Suit not abated by marriage of female party? When plaintiffs insolvency bars suit? What is the Effect of abatement or dismissal? What is the Procedure in case of assignment before final order in suit? What is the Duty of pleader to communicate to Court death of a party? What is Application of Order to appeals? What is Application of Order to proceedings? Rule 7, 8, 9, 10, 10A, 11 and 12 of Order XXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXIII WITHDRAWAL AND ADJUSTMENT OF SUITS

What is Withdrawal of suit or abandonment of part of claim? Rule 1 of Order XXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXIV PAYMENT INTO COURT

What is the meaning of Deposit by defendant of amount in satisfaction of claim? What is Notice of deposit? Is Interest on deposit not allowed to plaintiff after notice? What is the Procedure where plaintiff accepts deposit as satisfaction in part? Rule 1, 2, 3 and 4 of Order XXIV of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXV SECURITY FOR COSTS

When security for costs may be required front plaintiff? What is the Effect of failure to furnish security? Rule 1 and 2 of Order XXV of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

 

ORDER XXVI COMMISSIONS

What are the Cases in which Court may issue commission to examine witness? What is Order for commission? Where witness resides within Court's jurisdiction? Persons for whose examination commission may issue? Process when Commission or request to examine witness not within India? Is Court to examine witness pursuant to Commission? What is Return of commission with depositions of witnesses? When depositions may be read in evidence? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What are Commissions to make local investigations? What is Procedure of Commissioner? What is Commission for scientific investigations? Who will be in Commission for performance of a ministerial act? How to constitute Commission for the sale of movable property? Rule 9, 10, 10A, 10B and 10C of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is Commission to examine or adjust accounts? What is the meaning Court to give Commissioner necessary instructions? What is Commission to make partition of immovable property? What is Procedure of Commissioner? Rule 11, 12, 13 and 14 of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

Is Expenses of commission to be paid into Court? What are the Powers of Commissioners? What are the Questions objected to before the Commissioner? Attendance and examination of witnesses before Commissioner, Are Parties to appear before Commissioner? Application of Order to execution proceedings, Is Court to fix a time for return of commission? Rule 15, 16, 16A, 17, 18, 18A and 18B of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What are the cases in which High Court may issue commission to examine witness? What is Application for issue of commission? To whom commission may be issued? How to Issue, execution and return of commissions, and transmission of evidence to foreign Court? Rule 19, 20, 21 and 22 of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXVII SUITS BY OR AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT OR PUBLIC OFFICERS IN THEIR OFFICIAL CAPACITY

What are the Suits by or against Government? Who are Persons authorised to act for Government? What is Plaints in suits by or against Government? What is the meaning of Agent for Government to receive process? What is Fixing of day for appearance on behalf of Government? Is Government to be joined as a party in a suit against a public officer? What is the Duty of Court in suits against the Government or a public officer to assist in arriving at a settlement? Attendance of person able to answer questions relating to suit against Government, Extension of time to enable public officer to make reference to Government, What is the Procedure in suits against public officer? Is No security to be required from Government or a public officer in certain cases? What is Definitions of "Government" and "Government pleader"? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8A and 8B of Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXVII A SUITS INVOLVING A SUBSTANTIAL QUESTION OF LAW AS TO THE INTERPRETATION OF THE CONSTITUTION OR AS TO THE VALIDITY OF ANY STATUTORY INSTRUMENT

Notice to the Attorney General or the Advocate - General, What is the Procedure in suits involving validity of any statutory instrument? Court may add Government as party? What is the Power of Court to add Government or other authority as a defendant in a suit relating to the validity of any statutory instrument? Costs, What is Application of Order to appeals? Rule 1, 1A, 2, 2A, 3 and 4 of Order XXVII A of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXVIII SUITS BY OR AGAINST MILITARY OR NAVAL MEN OR AIRMEN

Can Officers, soldiers, sailors or airmen who cannot obtain leave may authorize any person to sue or defend for them? Person so authorized may act personally or appoint pleader, Service on person so authorized, or on his pleader, to be good service? Rule 1, 2 and 3 of Order XXVIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXIX SUITS BY OR AGAINST CORPORATIONS

What is Subscription and verification of pleading? How Service on corporation? What is Power to require personal attendance of officer of corporation? Rule 1, 2 and 3 of Order XXIX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXX SUITS BY OR AGAINST FIRMS AND PERSONS CARRYING ON BUSINESS IN NAMES OTHER THAN THEIR OWN

How is Suing of partners in name of firm? Disclosure of partners’ names, Service, What are the Rights of suit on death of partner? Notice in what capacity served? Appearance of partners, No appearance except by partners, What is Appearance under protest? Suits between co-partners, Suit against person carrying on business in name other than his own ? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 of Order XXX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXVII SUITS BY OR AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT OR PUBLIC OFFICERS IN THEIR OFFICIAL CAPACITY - RULE 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8A, 8B OF CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 1908

What are the Suits by or against Government? Who are Persons authorised to act for Government? What is Plaints in suits by or against Government? What is the meaning of Agent for Government to receive process? What is Fixing of day for appearance on behalf of Government? Is Government to be joined as a party in a suit against a public officer? What is the Duty of Court in suits against the Government or a public officer to assist in arriving at a settlement? Attendance of person able to answer questions relating to suit against Government, Extension of time to enable public officer to make reference to Government, What is the Procedure in suits against public officer? Is No security to be required from Government or a public officer in certain cases? What is Definitions of "Government" and "Government pleader"? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8A and 8B of Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

Suits by or against Government, Persons authorised to act for Government, Plaints in suits by or against Government, Agent for Government to receive process, Fixing of day for appearance on behalf of Government, Government to be joined as a party in a suit against a public officer, Duty of Court in suits against the Government or a public officer to assist in arriving at a settlement, Attendance of person able to answer questions relating to suit against Government, Extension of time to enable public officer to make reference to Government, Procedure in suits against public officer, No security to be required from Government or a public officer in certain cases and Definitions of "Government" and "Government pleader" are defined under Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8A and 8B of Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908. Provisions under these Rules are:

Rule 1 Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Suits by or against Government"

In any suit by or against the Government, the plaint or written statement shall be signed by such person as the Government may, by general or special order, appoint in this behalf, and shall be verified by any person whom the Government may so appoint and who is acquainted with the facts of the case.

Rule 2 Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Persons authorised to act for Government"

Persons being ex officio or otherwise authorised to act for the Government in respect of any judicial proceeding shall be deemed to be the recognised agents by whom appearances, acts and applications under this Code may be made or done on behalf of the Government.

Rule 3 Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Plaints in suits by or against Government"

In suits by or against the Government, instead of inserting in the plaint the name and description and place of residence of the plaintiff or defendant, it shall be sufficient to insert the appropriate name as provided in section 79.

Rule 4 Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Agent for Government to receive process"

The Government pleader in any Court shall be the agent of the Government for the purpose of receiving processes against the Government issued by such Court.

Rule 5 Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Fixing of day for appearance on behalf of Government"

The Court, in fixing the day for the Government to answer to the plaint, shall allow a reasonable time for the necessary communication with the Government through the proper channel, and for the issue of instructions to the Government pleader to appear and answer on behalf of the Government, and may extend the time at its discretion but the time so extended shall not exceed two months in the aggregate.

Rule 5A Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Government to be joined as a party in a suit against a public officer"

Where a suit is instituted against a public officer for damages or other relief in respect of any act alleged to have been done by him in his official capacity, the Government shall be joined as a party to the suit.

Rule 5B Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Duty of Court in suits against the Government or a public officer to assist in arriving at a settlement"

(1) In every suit or proceeding to which the Government, or a public officer acting in his official capacity, is a party, it shall be the duty of the Court to make, in the first instance, every endeavour, where it is possible to do so consistently with the nature and circumstances of the case, to assist the parties in arriving at a settlement in respect of the subject-matter of the suit.

(2) If, in any such suit or proceeding, at any stage, it appears to the Court that there is a reasonable possibility of a settlement between the parties, the Court may adjourn the proceeding for such period as it thinks fit, to enable attempts to be made to effect such a settlement.

(3) The power conferred under sub-rule (2) is in addition to any other power of the Court to adjourn proceedings.

Rule 6 Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Attendance of person able to answer questions relating to suit against Government"

The Court may also, in any case in which the Government pleader is not accompanied by any person on the part of the Government who may be able to answer any material questions relating to the suit, direct the attendance of such a parson.

Rule 7 Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Extension of time to enable public officer to make reference to Government"

(1) Where the defended is a public officer and, on receiving the summons, considers it proper to make a reference to the Government before answering the plaint, he may apply to the Court to grant such extension of the time fixed in the summons as may be necessary to enable him to make such reference and to receive orders thereon through the proper channel.

(2) Upon such application the Court shall extend the time for so long as appears to it to be necessary.

Rule 8 Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Procedure in suits against public officer"

(1) Where the Government undertakes the defence of a suit against a public officer, the Government pleader, upon being furnished with authority to appear and answer the plaint, shall apply to the Court, and upon such application the Court shall cause a note of his authority to be entered in the register of civil suits.

(2) Where no application under sub-rule (1) is made by the 18[Government pleader] on or before the day fixed in the notice for the defendant to appear and answer, the case shall proceed as in a suit between private parties :

Provided that the defendant shall not be liable to arrest, nor his property to attachment, otherwise than in execution of a decree.

Rule 8A Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "No security to be required from Government or a public officer in certain cases"

No such security as is mentioned in rules 5 and 6 to Order XLI shall be required from the Government or, where the Government has undertaken the defence of the suit, from any public officer sued in respect of an act alleged to be done by him in his official capacity.

Rule 8B Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Definitions of "Government" and "Government pleader""

In this Order unless otherwise expressly, provided "Government" and "Government pleader" mean respectively-

(a) in relation to any suit by or against the Central Government, or against a public officer in the service of that Government, the Central Government and such pleader as that Government may appoint whether generally or specially for the purposes of this Order;

(c) in relation to any suit by or against a State Government or against a public officer in the service of a State, the State Government and the Government pleader as defined in clause (7) of section 2, or such other pleader as the State Government may appoint, whether generally or specially, for the purposes of this Order.

 

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