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CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 1908

ORDER XXII DEATH, MARRIAGE AND INSOLVENCY OF PARTIES

What is the meaning of No abatement by party's death if right to sue survives? What is the Procedure where one of several plaintiffs or defendants dies and right to sue survives? What is the Procedure in case of death of one of several plaintiff or of sole plaintiff? What is the Procedure in case of death of one of several defendants or of sole defendant? What is Determination of question as to legal representative? What is the meaning of No abatement by reason of death after hearing? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Order XXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

 

What is the meaning of Suit not abated by marriage of female party? When plaintiffs insolvency bars suit? What is the Effect of abatement or dismissal? What is the Procedure in case of assignment before final order in suit? What is the Duty of pleader to communicate to Court death of a party? What is Application of Order to appeals? What is Application of Order to proceedings? Rule 7, 8, 9, 10, 10A, 11 and 12 of Order XXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXIII WITHDRAWAL AND ADJUSTMENT OF SUITS

What is Withdrawal of suit or abandonment of part of claim? Rule 1 of Order XXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXIV PAYMENT INTO COURT

What is the meaning of Deposit by defendant of amount in satisfaction of claim? What is Notice of deposit? Is Interest on deposit not allowed to plaintiff after notice? What is the Procedure where plaintiff accepts deposit as satisfaction in part? Rule 1, 2, 3 and 4 of Order XXIV of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXV SECURITY FOR COSTS

When security for costs may be required front plaintiff? What is the Effect of failure to furnish security? Rule 1 and 2 of Order XXV of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

 

ORDER XXVI COMMISSIONS

What are the Cases in which Court may issue commission to examine witness? What is Order for commission? Where witness resides within Court's jurisdiction? Persons for whose examination commission may issue? Process when Commission or request to examine witness not within India? Is Court to examine witness pursuant to Commission? What is Return of commission with depositions of witnesses? When depositions may be read in evidence? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What are Commissions to make local investigations? What is Procedure of Commissioner? What is Commission for scientific investigations? Who will be in Commission for performance of a ministerial act? How to constitute Commission for the sale of movable property? Rule 9, 10, 10A, 10B and 10C of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is Commission to examine or adjust accounts? What is the meaning Court to give Commissioner necessary instructions? What is Commission to make partition of immovable property? What is Procedure of Commissioner? Rule 11, 12, 13 and 14 of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

Is Expenses of commission to be paid into Court? What are the Powers of Commissioners? What are the Questions objected to before the Commissioner? Attendance and examination of witnesses before Commissioner, Are Parties to appear before Commissioner? Application of Order to execution proceedings, Is Court to fix a time for return of commission? Rule 15, 16, 16A, 17, 18, 18A and 18B of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What are the cases in which High Court may issue commission to examine witness? What is Application for issue of commission? To whom commission may be issued? How to Issue, execution and return of commissions, and transmission of evidence to foreign Court? Rule 19, 20, 21 and 22 of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXVII SUITS BY OR AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT OR PUBLIC OFFICERS IN THEIR OFFICIAL CAPACITY

What are the Suits by or against Government? Who are Persons authorised to act for Government? What is Plaints in suits by or against Government? What is the meaning of Agent for Government to receive process? What is Fixing of day for appearance on behalf of Government? Is Government to be joined as a party in a suit against a public officer? What is the Duty of Court in suits against the Government or a public officer to assist in arriving at a settlement? Attendance of person able to answer questions relating to suit against Government, Extension of time to enable public officer to make reference to Government, What is the Procedure in suits against public officer? Is No security to be required from Government or a public officer in certain cases? What is Definitions of "Government" and "Government pleader"? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8A and 8B of Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXVII A SUITS INVOLVING A SUBSTANTIAL QUESTION OF LAW AS TO THE INTERPRETATION OF THE CONSTITUTION OR AS TO THE VALIDITY OF ANY STATUTORY INSTRUMENT

Notice to the Attorney General or the Advocate - General, What is the Procedure in suits involving validity of any statutory instrument? Court may add Government as party? What is the Power of Court to add Government or other authority as a defendant in a suit relating to the validity of any statutory instrument? Costs, What is Application of Order to appeals? Rule 1, 1A, 2, 2A, 3 and 4 of Order XXVII A of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXVIII SUITS BY OR AGAINST MILITARY OR NAVAL MEN OR AIRMEN

Can Officers, soldiers, sailors or airmen who cannot obtain leave may authorize any person to sue or defend for them? Person so authorized may act personally or appoint pleader, Service on person so authorized, or on his pleader, to be good service? Rule 1, 2 and 3 of Order XXVIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXIX SUITS BY OR AGAINST CORPORATIONS

What is Subscription and verification of pleading? How Service on corporation? What is Power to require personal attendance of officer of corporation? Rule 1, 2 and 3 of Order XXIX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXX SUITS BY OR AGAINST FIRMS AND PERSONS CARRYING ON BUSINESS IN NAMES OTHER THAN THEIR OWN

How is Suing of partners in name of firm? Disclosure of partners’ names, Service, What are the Rights of suit on death of partner? Notice in what capacity served? Appearance of partners, No appearance except by partners, What is Appearance under protest? Suits between co-partners, Suit against person carrying on business in name other than his own ? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 of Order XXX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXX SUITS BY OR AGAINST FIRMS AND PERSONS CARRYING ON BUSINESS IN NAMES OTHER THAN THEIR OWN - RULE 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 OF CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 1908

How is Suing of partners in name of firm? Disclosure of partners’ names, Service, What are the Rights of suit on death of partner? Notice in what capacity served? Appearance of partners, No appearance except by partners, What is Appearance under protest? Suits between co-partners, Suit against person carrying on business in name other than his own ? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 of Order XXX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

Suing of partners in name of firm, Disclosure of partners’ names, Service, Rights of suit on death of partner, Notice in what capacity served, Appearance of partners, No appearance except by partners, Appearance under protest, Suits between co-partners and Suit against person carrying on business in name other than his own  are defined under Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 of Order XXX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908. Provisions under these Rules are:

Rule 1 Order XXX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Suing of partners in name of firm"

(1) Any two or more persons claiming or being liable as partners and carrying on business in, India may sue or be sued in the name of the firm (if any) of which such persons were partners at the time of the accruing of the cause of action, and any party to a suit may in such case apply to the Court for a statement of the names and addresses of the persons who were, at the time of the accruing of the cause of action, partners in such firm, to be furnished and verified in such manner as the Court may direct.

(2) Where persons sue or are sued partners in the name of their firm under sub-rule (1), it shall, in the case of any pleading or other document required by or under this Code to be signed, verified or certified by the plaintiff or the defendant, suffice such pleading or other document is signed, verified or certified by any one of such persons.

Rule 2 Order XXX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Disclosure of partners’ names"

(1) Where a suit is instituted by partners in the name of their firm, the plaintiffs or their pleader shall, on demanding writing by or on behalf of any defendant, forthwith declare in writing the names and places of residence of all the persons constituting the firm on whose behalf the suit is instituted.

(2) Where the plaintiffs or their pleader fail to comply with any demand made under sub-rule (1) all proceedings in the suit may, upon an application for that purpose, be stayed upon such terms as the Court may direct.

(3) Where the names of the partners are declared in the manner referred to in sub-rule (1) the suit shall proceed in the same manner, and the same consequences in all respects shall follow, as if they had been named as plaintiffs in the plaint :

Provided that all proceedings shall nevertheless continue in the name of the firm, but the name of the partners disclosed in the manner specified in sub-rule (1) shall be entered in the decree.

Rule 3 Order XXX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Service"

Where persons are sued as partners in the name of their firm, the summons shall be served either-

(a) upon any one or more of the partners, or

(b) at the principal place at which the partnership business is carried on within India upon any person having, at the time of service, the control or management of the partnership business, there,

as the Court may direct; and such service shall be deemed good service upon the firm so sued, whether all or any of the partners are within or without India :

Provided that, in the case of a partnership which has been dissolved to the knowledge of the plaintiff before the institution of the suit, the summons shall be served upon every person within India whom it is sought to make liable.

Rule 4 Order XXX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Rights of suit on death of partner"

(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in section 45 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872 (9 of 1872) where two or more persons may sue or be sued in the name of a firm under the foregoing provisions and any of such persons dies, whether before the institution or during the pendency of any suit, it shall not be necessary to join the legal representative of the deceased as a party to the suit.

(2) Nothing in sub-rule (1) shall limit or otherwise effect any right which the legal representative of the deceased may have-

(a) to apply to be made a party to the suit, or

(b) to enforce any claim against the survivor or survivors.

Rule 5 Order XXX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Notice in what capacity served"

Where a summons is issued to a firm and is served in the manner provided by rule 3, every person upon whom it is served shall be informed by notice in writing given at the time of such service, whether he is served as a partner or as a person having the control or in both characters, and, in default of such notice, the person served shall be deemed to be served as a partner.

Rule 6 Order XXX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Appearance of partners"

Where persons are sued as partners in the name of their firm, they shall appear individually in their own names, but all subsequent proceedings shall, nevertheless, continue in the name of the firm.

Rule 7 Order XXX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "No appearance except by partners"

Where a summons is served in the manner provided by rule 3 upon a person having the control or management of the partnership business, no appearance by him shall be necessary unless he is a partner of the firm sued.

Rule 8 Order XXX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Appearance under protest"

(1) Any person served with summons as a partner under rule 3 may enter an appearance under protest, denying that he was a partner at any material time.

(2) On such appearance being made, either the plaintiff or the person entering the appearance may, at any time before the date fixed for hearing and final disposal of the suit, apply to the Court for determining whether that person was a partner of the firm and liable as such.

(3) If, on such application, the Court holds that he was a partner at the material time, that shall not preclude the person from filing a defence denying the liability of the firm in respect of the claim against the defendant,

(4) If the Court. however, holds that such person was not a partner of the firm and was not liable as such that shall not preclude the plaintiff from otherwise serving a summons on the firm and proceeding with the suit; but in that event, the plaintiff shall be precluded from alleging the liability of that person as a partner of the firm in execution of any decree that may be passed against the firm.

Rule 9 Order XXX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Suits between co-partners"

This Order shall apply to suits between a firm and one or more of the partners therein and to suits between firms having one or more partners in common; but no execution shall be issued in such suits except by leave of the Court, and, on an application for leave to issue such execution, all such accounts and inquiries may be directed to be taken and made and directions given as may be just.

Rule 10 Order XXX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Suit against person carrying on business in name other than his own"

Any person carrying on business in a name or style other than his own name, or a Hindu undivided family carrying on business under any name, may be sued in such name or style as if it were a firm name, and, in so far as the nature of such case permits, all rules under this Order shall apply accordingly.

 

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