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CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 1908

ORDER XXII DEATH, MARRIAGE AND INSOLVENCY OF PARTIES

What is the meaning of No abatement by party's death if right to sue survives? What is the Procedure where one of several plaintiffs or defendants dies and right to sue survives? What is the Procedure in case of death of one of several plaintiff or of sole plaintiff? What is the Procedure in case of death of one of several defendants or of sole defendant? What is Determination of question as to legal representative? What is the meaning of No abatement by reason of death after hearing? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Order XXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

 

What is the meaning of Suit not abated by marriage of female party? When plaintiffs insolvency bars suit? What is the Effect of abatement or dismissal? What is the Procedure in case of assignment before final order in suit? What is the Duty of pleader to communicate to Court death of a party? What is Application of Order to appeals? What is Application of Order to proceedings? Rule 7, 8, 9, 10, 10A, 11 and 12 of Order XXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXIII WITHDRAWAL AND ADJUSTMENT OF SUITS

What is Withdrawal of suit or abandonment of part of claim? Rule 1 of Order XXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXIV PAYMENT INTO COURT

What is the meaning of Deposit by defendant of amount in satisfaction of claim? What is Notice of deposit? Is Interest on deposit not allowed to plaintiff after notice? What is the Procedure where plaintiff accepts deposit as satisfaction in part? Rule 1, 2, 3 and 4 of Order XXIV of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXV SECURITY FOR COSTS

When security for costs may be required front plaintiff? What is the Effect of failure to furnish security? Rule 1 and 2 of Order XXV of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

 

ORDER XXVI COMMISSIONS

What are the Cases in which Court may issue commission to examine witness? What is Order for commission? Where witness resides within Court's jurisdiction? Persons for whose examination commission may issue? Process when Commission or request to examine witness not within India? Is Court to examine witness pursuant to Commission? What is Return of commission with depositions of witnesses? When depositions may be read in evidence? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What are Commissions to make local investigations? What is Procedure of Commissioner? What is Commission for scientific investigations? Who will be in Commission for performance of a ministerial act? How to constitute Commission for the sale of movable property? Rule 9, 10, 10A, 10B and 10C of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is Commission to examine or adjust accounts? What is the meaning Court to give Commissioner necessary instructions? What is Commission to make partition of immovable property? What is Procedure of Commissioner? Rule 11, 12, 13 and 14 of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

Is Expenses of commission to be paid into Court? What are the Powers of Commissioners? What are the Questions objected to before the Commissioner? Attendance and examination of witnesses before Commissioner, Are Parties to appear before Commissioner? Application of Order to execution proceedings, Is Court to fix a time for return of commission? Rule 15, 16, 16A, 17, 18, 18A and 18B of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What are the cases in which High Court may issue commission to examine witness? What is Application for issue of commission? To whom commission may be issued? How to Issue, execution and return of commissions, and transmission of evidence to foreign Court? Rule 19, 20, 21 and 22 of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXVII SUITS BY OR AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT OR PUBLIC OFFICERS IN THEIR OFFICIAL CAPACITY

What are the Suits by or against Government? Who are Persons authorised to act for Government? What is Plaints in suits by or against Government? What is the meaning of Agent for Government to receive process? What is Fixing of day for appearance on behalf of Government? Is Government to be joined as a party in a suit against a public officer? What is the Duty of Court in suits against the Government or a public officer to assist in arriving at a settlement? Attendance of person able to answer questions relating to suit against Government, Extension of time to enable public officer to make reference to Government, What is the Procedure in suits against public officer? Is No security to be required from Government or a public officer in certain cases? What is Definitions of "Government" and "Government pleader"? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8A and 8B of Order XXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXVII A SUITS INVOLVING A SUBSTANTIAL QUESTION OF LAW AS TO THE INTERPRETATION OF THE CONSTITUTION OR AS TO THE VALIDITY OF ANY STATUTORY INSTRUMENT

Notice to the Attorney General or the Advocate - General, What is the Procedure in suits involving validity of any statutory instrument? Court may add Government as party? What is the Power of Court to add Government or other authority as a defendant in a suit relating to the validity of any statutory instrument? Costs, What is Application of Order to appeals? Rule 1, 1A, 2, 2A, 3 and 4 of Order XXVII A of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXVIII SUITS BY OR AGAINST MILITARY OR NAVAL MEN OR AIRMEN

Can Officers, soldiers, sailors or airmen who cannot obtain leave may authorize any person to sue or defend for them? Person so authorized may act personally or appoint pleader, Service on person so authorized, or on his pleader, to be good service? Rule 1, 2 and 3 of Order XXVIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXIX SUITS BY OR AGAINST CORPORATIONS

What is Subscription and verification of pleading? How Service on corporation? What is Power to require personal attendance of officer of corporation? Rule 1, 2 and 3 of Order XXIX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXX SUITS BY OR AGAINST FIRMS AND PERSONS CARRYING ON BUSINESS IN NAMES OTHER THAN THEIR OWN

How is Suing of partners in name of firm? Disclosure of partners’ names, Service, What are the Rights of suit on death of partner? Notice in what capacity served? Appearance of partners, No appearance except by partners, What is Appearance under protest? Suits between co-partners, Suit against person carrying on business in name other than his own ? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 of Order XXX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXVI COMMISSIONS GENERAL PROVISIONS - RULE 15, 16, 16A, 17, 18, 18A, 18B OF CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 1908

Is Expenses of commission to be paid into Court? What are the Powers of Commissioners? What are the Questions objected to before the Commissioner? Attendance and examination of witnesses before Commissioner, Are Parties to appear before Commissioner? Application of Order to execution proceedings, Is Court to fix a time for return of commission? Rule 15, 16, 16A, 17, 18, 18A and 18B of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

Expenses of commission to be paid into Court, Powers of Commissioners, Questions objected to before the Commissioner, Attendance and examination of witnesses before Commissioner, Parties to appear before Commissioner, Application of Order to execution proceedings and Court to fix a time for return of commission are defined under Rule 15, 16, 16A, 17, 18, 18A and 18B of Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908. Provisions under these Rules are:

Rule 15 Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Expenses of commission to be paid into Court"

Before issuing any commission under this Order, the Court may order such sum (if any) as it thinks reasonable for the expenses of the commission to be, within a time to be fixed, paid into Court by the party at whose instance or for whose benefit the commission is issued.

Rule 16 Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Powers of Commissioners"

Any Commissioner appointed under this Order may, unless otherwise directed by the order of appointment,-

(a) examine the parties themselves and any witness whom they or any of them may produce, and any other person whom the Commissioner thinks proper to call upon to give evidence in, the matter referred to him;

(b) call for and examine documents and other things relevant to the subject of inquiry;

(c) at any reasonable time enter upon or into any land or building mentioned in the order.

 

Rule 16A Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Questions objected to before the Commissioner"

(1) Where any question put to a witness is objected to by a party or his pleader in proceedings before a Commissioner appointed under this Order, the Commissioner shall take down the question, the answer, the objections and the name of the party or, as the case may be, the pleader so objecting :

Provided that. the Commissioner shall not take down the answer to a question which is objected to on the ground of privilege but may continue with the examination of the witness, leaving the party to get the question of privilege decided by the Court, and, where the Court decides that there is no question of privilege, the witness may be recalled by the Commissioner and examined by him or the witness may be examined by the Court with regard to the question which was objected to on the ground of privilege.

(2) No answer taken down under sub-rule (1) shall be read as evidence in the suit except by the order of the Court.

Rule 17 Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Attendance and examination of witnesses before Commissioner"

(1) The provisions of this Code relating to the summoning, attendance and examination of witnesses, and to the remuneration of, and penalties to be imposed upon, witnesses, shall apply to persons required to give evidence or to produce documents under this Order whether the commission in execution of which they are so required has been issued by a Court situate within or by a Court situate beyond the limits of India, and for the purposes of this rule the Commissioner shall be deemed to be a Civil Court :

Provided that when the Commissioner is not a Judge of a Civil Court he shall not be competent to impose penalties; but such penalties may be imposed on the application of such Commissioner by the Court by which the commission was issued.

(2) A Commissioner may apply to any Court (not being a High Court) within the local limits or whose jurisdiction a witness resides for the issue of any process which he may find it necessary to issue to or against such witness, and such Court may, in its discretion, issue such process as it considers reasonable and proper.

Rule 18 Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Parties to appear before Commissioner"

(1) Where a commission is issued under this Order, the Court shall direct that the parties to the suit shall appear before the Commissioner in person or by their agents or pleaders.

(2) Where all or any of the parties do not so appear, the Commissioner may proceed in their absence.

Rule 18A Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Application of Order to execution proceedings"

The provisions of this Order shall apply, so far as may be, to proceedings in execution of a decree or order.

Rule 18B Order XXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Court to fix a time for return of commission"

The Court issuing a commission shall fix a date on or before which the commission shall be returned to it. after execution, and the date so fixed shall not be extended except where the Court, for reasons to be recorded, is satisfied that there is sufficient cause for extending the date

 

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