Section 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 of Special Marriage Act 1954

Section 2. Definitions

-In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-
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(b) "degrees of prohibited relationship"-a man and any of the persons mentioned in Part I of the First Schedule and a woman and any of the persons mentioned in Part II of the said Schedule are within the degrees of prohibited relationship.

Explanation I.-Relationship includes,-

(a) relationship by half or uterine blood as well as by full blood;

(b) illegitimate blood relationship as well as legitimate;

(c) relationship by adoption as well as by blood;

and all terms of relationship in this Act shall be construed accordingly.

 

 

 

Explanation II.-"Full blood" and "half blood"-two persons are said to be related to each other by full blood when they are descended from a common ancestor by the same wife and by half blood when they are descended from a common ancestor but by different wives.

Explanation III.-"Uterine blood"-two persons are said to be related to each other by uterine blood when they are descended from a common ancestress but by different husbands.

Explanation IV.-In Explanations II and III, "ancestor" includes the father and "ancestress" the mother;

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(d) "district" in relation to a Marriage Officer, means the area for which he is appointed as such under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) of section 3;

6 [(e) "district court" means, in any area for which there is a city civil court, that court, and in any other area, the principal civil court of original jurisdiction, and includes any other civil court which

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1. The Act has been extended to Dadra and Nagar Haveli by Reg. 6 of 1963, s. 2 and Schedule I and to Pondicherry by Reg. 7 of 1963, Section 3 and Schedule I (w.e.f. 1-10-1963). 2. Subs. by Act 33 of 1969, s. 29, for "outside the said territories" (w.e.f. 31-8-1969). 3. 1st January, 1955, vide notification No. S.R.O. 3606, dated 17th December, 1954, published in the Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II, Section 3. 4. Omitted by Act 33 of 1969, s. 29. 5. Omitted by s. 29, ibid. 6. Subs. by Act 68 of 1976, s. 20, for clause (e) (w.e.f. 27-5-1976)

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may be specified by the State Government by notification in the Official Gazette as having jurisdiction in respect of the matters dealt with in this Act;]

(f) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;

1 [(g) "State Government", in relation to a Union territory, means the administrator thereof.]

 

Section 3. Marriage Officers

(1) For the purposes of this Act, the State Government may, by, notification in the Official Gazette, appoint one or more Marriage Officers for the whole or any part of the State.

2[(2) For the purposes of this Act, in its application to citizens of India domiciled in the territories to which this Act extends who are in the State of Jammu and Kashmir, the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify such officers of the Central Government as it may think fit to be the Marriage Officers for the State or any part thereof.] 

 

CHAPTER II SOLEMNIZATION OF SPECIAL MARRIAGES

Section 4. Conditions relating to solemnization of special marriages

Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force relating to the solemnization of marriages, a marriage between any two persons may be solemnized under this Act, if at the time of the marriage the following conditions are fulfilled, namely:-

(a) neither party has a spouse living;

3[(b) neither party-

(i) is incapable of giving a valid consent to it in consequence of unsoundness of mind; or
(ii) though capable of giving a valid consent, has been suffering from mental disorder of such a kind or to such an extent as to be unfit for marriage and the procreation of children; or

(iii) has been subject to recurrent attacks of insanity 4
* * *;]

(c) the male has completed the age of twenty-one years and the female the age of eighteen years;

5[(d) the parties are not within the degrees of prohibited relationship:

Provided that where a custom governing at least one of the parties permits of a marriage between them, such marriage may be solemnized, notwithstanding that they are within the degrees of prohibited relationship; and]

6[(e) where the marriage is solemnized in the State of Jammu and Kashmir, both parties are citizens of India domiciled in the territories to which this Act extends].

7[Explanation.-In this section, "custom", in relation to a person belonging to any tribe, community, group or family, means any rule which the State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf as applicable to members of that tribe, community, group or family:

Provided that no such notification shall be issued in relation to the members of any tribe, community, group or family, unless the State Government is satisfied-

(i) that such rule has been continuously and uniformly observed for a long time among those members;

(ii) that such rule is certain and not unreasonable or opposed to public policy; and

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1. Subs. by the A.O. (No. 3) Order, 1956 for clause (g).
2. Subs. by Act 33 of 1969, s. 29, for sub-section (2) (w.e.f. 31-8-1969).
3. Subs. by Act 68 of 1976, s. 21, for clause (b) (w.e.f. 27-5-1976).
4. The words "or epilepsy" omitted by Act 39 of 1999, s. 4 (w.e.f. 29-12-1999).
5. Subs. by Act 32 of 1963, s. 2, for clause (d) (w.e.f. 22-9-1963).
6. Subs. by Act 33 of 1969, s. 29, for clause (e) (w.e.f. 31-8-1969).
7. Ins. by Act 32 of 1963, s. 2 (w.e.f. 22-9-1963).

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(iii) that such rule, if applicable only to a family, has not been discontinued by the family.]

 

Section 5. Notice of intended marriage

When a marriage is intended to be solemnized under this Act, the parties to the marriage shall give notice thereof in writing in the form specified in the Second Schedule to the Marriage Officer of the district in which at least one of the parties to the marriage has resided for a period of not less than thirty days immediately preceding the date on which such notice is given.

 

Section 6. Marriage Notice Book and publication

(1) The Marriage Officer shall keep all notices given under section 5 with the records of his office and shall also forthwith enter a true copy of every such notice in a book prescribed for that purpose, to be called the Marriage Notice Book, and such book shall be open for inspection at all reasonable times, without fee, by any person desirous of inspecting the same.

(2) The Marriage Officer shall cause every such notice to be published by affixing a copy thereof to some conspicuous place in his office.

(3) Where either of the parties to an intended marriage is not permanently residing within the local limits of the district of the Marriage Officer to whom the notice has been given under section 5, the Marriage Officer shall also cause a copy of such notice to be transmitted to the Marriage Officer of the district within whose limits such party is permanently residing, and that Marriage Officer shall thereupon cause a copy thereof to be affixed to some conspicuous place in his office.

 

Section 7. Objection to marriage

(1) Any person may, before the expiration of thirty days from the date on which any such notice has been published under sub-section (2) of section 6, object to the marriage on the ground that it would contravene one or more of the conditions specified in section 4.

(2) After the expiration of thirty days from the date on which notice of an intended marriage has been published under sub-section (2) of section 6, the marriage may be solemnized, unless it has been previously objected to under sub-section (1).

(3) The nature of the objection shall be recorded in writing by the Marriage Officer in the Marriage Notice Book, be read over and explained if necessary, to the person making the objection and shall be signed by him or on his behalf.

 

 

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