As per Section 2 (71) of the Companies Act public company means a company which-
(a) is not a private company;
(b) has a minimum paid-up share capital * as may be prescribed:
Provided that a company which is a subsidiary of a company, not being a private company, shall be deemed to be public company for the purposes of this Act even where such subsidiary company continues to be a private company in its articles
*Note: Minimum paid up capital prescribed now is Rs. 5 Lakhs.
- Limited liability to shareholders
- A public Limited company can raise additional capital by issuing more shares or debentures.
- Greater borrowing power.
- A board of directors with experience/ expertise can be appointed.
- Shareholders can sell/transfer their shares freely.
Minimum Directors / Members
Minimum 7 Members and 3 Directors are required to Register a Public Limited Company.
Maximum Number of Directors and Members
Maximum Number of Directors is 50 and Maximum number of Members is unlimited
As per Section 149(3) of Companies Act 2013 at least one director should be resident of India satisfying the conditions of total stay prescribed by Government.
Minimum Capital Requirement
Minimum Capital Requirement for a Public Limited Company is Rs. 5 Lakh.
Name of Company
The suggested name must be unique and should not be related to any other existing Company.
Registered office of Company
The Registered office should be Commercial space. No Objection Certificate of Landlord is necessary in case of Rented Office.
1. Apply for Digital Signature Certificate
2. Apply for Director Identification Number (DIN)
3. Apply for Name availability online with MCA Website
4. Filing of Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association online
5. Apply for PAN and Tax Deduction Account Number (TAN)
6. Issue of Certificate of Incorporation by ROC with PAN and TAN
7. Open Bank Account in the name of the Company
- DIN or Directors Identification Number of all the designated directors
- DSC or Digital Signature Certificate of the designated directors
- Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Article of Association (AOA)
To Incorporate a Public Limited Company in India all Shareholders and Directors needs to produce identity proof and address proof. List of documents accepted by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) are given below:
- Copy of PAN Card or Passport of directors (Foreign Nationals & NRIs)
- 2 Passport size photograph of directors of the company
- ID proof such as Aadhaar Card or Voter identity card of directors
- PAN card details of all the directors and shareholders
- Copy of address proof rent agreement or property papers
- Utility bill such as telephone, gas, water or electricity bill of the registered office as a residential proof of the business place. It should not be older than 2 months.
- A NOC or No Objection Certificate from the landlord of the business place.
- In the case of personal property, a copy of sale deed or property deed
For Foreign Nationals
It is mandatory for Foreign Nationals to submit notarized copy of the passport. The residence proof documents like a bank statement or electricity bill must be less than two months old.
Proof of Registered Office
In India a Company must have a registered office to get company registration. In order to show that the registered office is working , a recent copy of the electricity bill or the property tax receipt or water bill must be submitted. Along with the rental agreement, utility bill, or the sales deed and a letter from the landlord with her/his consent to be used to register the particular address as the registered office.
Complete process of Registration of a Public Limited Company in India is
online and through the website of Ministry of Corporate Affairs i.e.