Commutation of Sentence of Death under Indian Penal Code are defined under Section 54 of Indian Penal Code 1860. Provisions in the Act is:
Section 54 of Indian Penal Code. "Commutation of Sentence of Death"
In every case in which sentence of death shall have been passed, 1[the
appropriate Government] may, without the consent of the offender, commute
the punishment punishment for any other punishment provided by this Code.
1. Subs. by the A.O. 1950, for the Central Government or the Provincial Government of the Province within which the offender shall have been sentenced. The words in italics were subs. by the A.O. 1937, for the Government of India or the Government of the place.
India was also one of seven countries that had executed people on 2013, but carried out no executions in 2014, Amnesty International's Death Penalty Report 2015 noted. The figure for executions represents the minimum number of people executed, as data on the death penalty is a state secret in Belarus, China and Vietnam, while little or no information was available from countries like Syria and North Korea. Though China does not release official figures for the death penalty, Amnesty International monitored executions in the country and found them to be more that the rest of the world put together.
Amnesty has taken a clear stand against the death sentence. "Governments using the death penalty to tackle crime are deluding themselves. "In India, as with a lot of other countries, violence against women has been used to justify the death penalty. And yet, study after study across the world shows that there is no proof that death penalty is a greater deterrent for crime than imprisonment.
Method of Execution
Hanging - Hanging is the method of execution in the civilian court system, according to the Indian Criminal Procedure Code.