In any proceedings under the Hindu Marriage Act 1955, it
appears that either the wife or husband as the case may be
has no independent income for her or his support and
necessary expenses for proceedings, it may on the
application of the wife or husband order the respondent to
pay the sum or proceeding expenses as per Section 24 of the
Act. Provisions in the Act in Section 24 and 25 of the Hindu
Marriage Act 1955 are.
Section 24 - Maintenance pendente lite and expenses of
Where in any proceeding under this Act it appears to the Court that either the wife or the husband, as the case may be, has no independent income sufficient for her or his support and the necessary expenses of the proceeding, it may, on the application of the wife or the husband, order the respondent to pay the petitioner the expenses of the proceeding such sum as, having regard to the petitioner's own income and the income of the respondent, it may seem to the Court to be reasonable.
Section 25 - Permanent alimony and maintenance.
Section 25 (1) Any court exercising jurisdiction under this Act may, at the time of passing any decree or at any time subsequent thereto, on application made to it for the purposes by either the wife or the husband, as the case may be, order that the respondent shall pay to the applicant for her or his maintenance and support such gross sum or such monthly or periodical sum for a term not exceeding the life of the applicant as, having regard to the respondent's own income and other property of the applicant, the conduct of the parties and other circumstances of the case, it may seem to the Court to be just, and any such payment may be secured, if necessary, by a charge on the immoveable property of the respondent.
Section 25 (2) If the Court is satisfied that there is a
change in the circumstances of either party at any time
after it has made an order under sub-section (1), it may at
the instance of either party, vary, modify or rescind any
such order in such manner as the court may deem just.
Section 25 (3) If the Court is satisfied that the party in whose favour an order has been made under this Section has re-married or, if such party is the wife, that she has not remained chaste or if such party is the husband, that he has had sexual intercourse with any woman outside wedlock, it may at the instance of the other party vary, modify or rescind any such order in such manner as the court may deem just.