The Hindu Marriage Act 1955 is applicable to some
particular religions in India. As per Section 2 this Act is
applicable to the following religions.
As per Section 2 of the Hindu Marriage Act 1995 Act this Act applies to
(1) (a) to any person who is a Hindu by religion in any of of its forms or developments, including a Virashaiva, a Lingayat or a follower of the Brahmo, Prarthana or Arya Samaj;
(b) to any person who is a Buddhist, Jaina or Sikh by religion, and
(c) to any other person domiciled in the territories to which this Act extends who is not a Muslim, Christian, Parsi or Jew by religion, unless it is proved that any such person would not have been governed by the Hindu law or by any custom or usage as part of that law in respect of any of the matters dealt with herein if this Act had not been passed.
Explanation.- The following persons are Hindus, Buddhists, Jainas or Sikhs by religion, as the case may be,-
(a) any child, legitimate or illegitimate, both of whose
parents are Hindus, Buddhists, Jainas or Sikhs by religion;
(b) any child, legitimate or illegitimate, one of whose parents is a Hindu, Buddhist Jaina or Sikh by religion and who is brought up as a member of tribe, community, group or family to which such parents belongs or belonged; and
(c) any person who is a convert or re-convert to the Hindus, Buddhist, Jaina or Sikh religion.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1),nothing contained in this Act shall apply to the members of any Scheduled Tribe within the meaning of clause (25) of Article 366 of the Constitution unless the Central Government, by notification in the Official Gazette, otherwise directs.
(3) The expression "Hindus" in any portion of this Act shall be construed as if it included a person who, though not a Hindu by religion is, nevertheless, a person whom this Act applies by virtue of the provisions contained in this section.
The Hindu Marriage Act (HMA) 1955
Section 2. Application of the Act
Section 3 and 4 of Hindu Marriage Act 1955
Section 5 Conditions for Hindu Marriage.
Section 6 and 7 of Hindu Marriage Act 1955
Section 8 Registration of Hindu Marriages
Section 9 Restitution of Conjugal Rights
Section 10 Judicial Separation
Section 11 Nullity of Marriage and Divorce- Void Marriages
Section 13A Alternate Relief in Divorce Proceedings
Section 13B Divorce by Mutual Consent
Section 14 No Petition for Divorce to be Presented within one year of Marriage
Section 15 Divorced Person, When may marry again
Section 16 Legitimacy of Children of Void and Voidable Marriages
Section 17 Punishment for Bigamy
Section 18 Punishment for contravention of certain other provisions in the Hindu Marriage Act
Section 19 Court to which Petition shall be presented
Section 20 Contents and Verification of Petitions
Section 21 Application of Act 5 of 1908
Section 21A Power to transfer Petitions in Certain Cases
Section 21B Special Provision relating to trial and disposal of Petitions under the Act
Section 21C Documentary Evidence
Section 22 Proceedings to be recorded and may not be Printed or published
Section 23 Decree of Proceedings
Section 23A Relief for respondent in divorce and other proceedings
Section 24 Maintenance, Pendente lite and Expenses for Proceedings
Section 25 Permanent Alimony and Maintenance
Section 26 Custody of Children
Section 27 Disposal of Property
Section 28 Appeals from Decrees and Orders
Section 28A Enforcement of Decrees and Orders