Section 18 - Maintenance of wife : Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act 1956


What is the law for Maintenance of wife? Section 18 of Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act, 1956

Section 18 of Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act 1956 : "Maintenance of wife"

18. (1) Subject to the provisions of this section, a Hindu wife, whether married before or after the commencement of this Act, shall be entitled to be maintained by her husband during her life time.

(2) A Hindu wife shall be entitled to live separately from her husband without forfeiting her claim to maintenance ?

(a) if he is guilty of desertion, that is to say, of abandoning her without reasonable cause and without her consent or against her wish, or of willfully neglecting her;

(b) if he has treated her with such cruelty as to cause a reasonable apprehension in her mind that it will be harmful or injurious to live with her husband;

(c) if he is suffering from a virulent form of leprosy;

(d) if he has any other wife living;

(e) if he keeps a concubine in the same house in which his wife is living or habitually resides with a concubine elsewhere;

(f) if he has ceased to be a Hindu by conversion to another religion;

(g) if there is any other cause justifying her living separately.

(3) A Hindu wife shall not be entitled to separate residence and maintenance from her husband if she is unchaste or ceases to be a Hindu by conversion to another religion.



Section 2 - Application of Act

Section 3 - Definitions

Section 4 - Overriding effect of Act


Section 5 - Adoptions to be regulated by this Chapter



Section 6 - Requisites of a valid adoption

Section 7 - Capacity of a male Hindu to take in adoption

Section 8 - Capacity of a female Hindu to take in adoption

Section 9 - Persons capable of giving in adoption

Section 10 - Persons who may be adopted



Section 11 - Other conditions for a valid adoption

Section 12 - Effects of adoption

Section 13 - Right of adoptive parents to dispose of their properties

Section 14 - Determination of adoptive mother in certain cases

Section 15 - Valid adoption not to be cancelled



Section 16 - Presumption as to registered documents relating to adoption

Section 17 - Prohibition of certain payments


Section 18 - Maintenance of wife

Section 19 - Maintenance of widowed daughter-in-law

Section 20 - Maintenance of children and aged parents

Section 21 - Dependants defined

Section 22 - Maintenance of dependants

Section 23 - Amount of maintenance

Section 24 - Claimant to maintenance should be a Hindu

Section 25 - Amount of maintenance may be altered on change of circumstances

Section 26 - Debts to have priority

Section 27 - Maintenance when to be a charge

Section 28 - Effect of transfer of property on right to maintenance


Section 29 - Repeals

Section 30 - Savings

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