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Section 21 - Dependants defined : Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act 1956

 

Who are Dependants? Section 21 of Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act, 1956

Section 21 of Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act 1956 : "Dependants defined"

21. For the purposes of this Chapter "dependants" mean the following relatives of the deceased : -

(i) his or her father;

(ii) his or her mother;

(iii) his widow, so long as she does not re-marry;

(iv) his or her son or the son of his predeceased son or the son of a predeceased son of his predeceased son, so long as he is a minor: provided and to the extent that he is unable to obtain maintenance, in the case of a grandson from his father's or mother's estate, and in the case of a great grand-son, from the estate of his father or mother or father's father or father's mother;

(v) his or her unmarried daughter, or the unmarried daughter, of his predeceased son or the unmarried daughter of a predeceased son of his predeceased son, so long as she remains unmarried: provided and to the extent that she is unable to obtain maintenance, in the case of a grand-daughter from her father's or mother's estate and in the case of a great-grand-daughter from the estate of her father or mother or father's father or father's mother;

(vi) his widowed daughter: provided and to the extent that she is unable to obtain maintenance-

(a) from the estate of her husband; or

(b) from her son or daughter if any, or his or her estate; or

(c) from her father-in-law or his father or the estate of either of them;

(vii) any widow of his son or of a son of his predeceased son, so long as she does not re-marry: provided and to the extent that she is unable to obtain maintenance from her husband's estate, or from her son or daughter, if any, or his or her estate; or in the case of a grandson's widow, also from her father-in-law's estate;

(viii) his or her minor illegitimate son, so long as he remains a minor;

(ix) his or her illegitimate daughter, so long as she remains unmarried.

 

HINDU ADOPTIONS AND MAINTENANCE ACT 1956

Section 2 - Application of Act

Section 3 - Definitions

Section 4 - Overriding effect of Act

CHAPTER II ADOPTION

Section 5 - Adoptions to be regulated by this Chapter

 

 

Section 6 - Requisites of a valid adoption

Section 7 - Capacity of a male Hindu to take in adoption

Section 8 - Capacity of a female Hindu to take in adoption

Section 9 - Persons capable of giving in adoption

Section 10 - Persons who may be adopted

 

 

Section 11 - Other conditions for a valid adoption

Section 12 - Effects of adoption

Section 13 - Right of adoptive parents to dispose of their properties

Section 14 - Determination of adoptive mother in certain cases

Section 15 - Valid adoption not to be cancelled

 

 

Section 16 - Presumption as to registered documents relating to adoption

Section 17 - Prohibition of certain payments

CHAPTER III MAINTENANCE

Section 18 - Maintenance of wife

Section 19 - Maintenance of widowed daughter-in-law

Section 20 - Maintenance of children and aged parents

Section 21 - Dependants defined

Section 22 - Maintenance of dependants

Section 23 - Amount of maintenance

Section 24 - Claimant to maintenance should be a Hindu

Section 25 - Amount of maintenance may be altered on change of circumstances

Section 26 - Debts to have priority

Section 27 - Maintenance when to be a charge

Section 28 - Effect of transfer of property on right to maintenance

CHAPTER IV REPEALS AND SAVINGS

Section 29 - Repeals

Section 30 - Savings

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