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CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 1908

ORDER I PARTIES TO SUIT

Who may be joined as plaintiffs? What is Power of court to order separate trails? Who may be joined as defendants? What is Power to order separate trials where joinder of defendants may embarrass or delay trial?, What are the Conditions for entertainment of suits? Rule 1, 2, 3, 3A and 3B of Order I of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

What is the meaning of Court may give judgment for or against one or more of joint parties? What is the meaning of Defendant need not be interested in all the relief claimed? What is the meaning of Joinder of parties liable on same contract? When plaintiff in doubt from whom redress is to be sought? What is the meaning One person may sue or defend on behalf of all in same interest? What is the Power of court to permit a person or body of persons to present opinion or to take part in the proceedings? Rule 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 8A of Order I of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is Misjoinder and nonjoinder? What is Suit in name of wrong plaintiff? What is Conduct of suit? What is Appearance of one of several plaintiffs or defendants for others? What is Objections as to nonjoinder or misjoinder? Rule 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13 of Order I of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

 

ORDER II FRAME OF SUIT

What is Frame of suit?, What is the meaning Suit to include the whole claim?, What is Joinder of causes of action?, What is the meaning of Only certain claims to be joined for recovery of immovable property?, What is Claims by or against executor?, Who is administrator or heir?, What is Power of Court to order separate trials?, What is Objections as to misjoinder? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 of Order II of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER III RECOGNIZED AGENTS AND PLEADERS

What is the meaning of Appearance etc may be in person by recognized agent or by pleader?, Who are Recognized agents?, How is Service of process on recognized agent?, What is Appointment of pleader?, What is Service of process on pleader?, What is the meaning Agents to accept service? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Order III of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER IV INSTITUTION OF SUITS

What is the meaning of Suit to be commenced by plaint? What is Register of suits? Rule 1 and 2 of Order IV of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

 

ORDER V ISSUE AND SERVICE OF SUMMONS

What is Summons? What is the Copy or statement annexed to summons? What is the meaning of Court may order defendant or plaintiff to appear in person? What is the meaning of No party to be ordered to appear in person unless resident within certain limits? What is the meaning of Summons to be either to settle issues or for final disposal? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

How is Fixing day for appearance of defendant? What is Summons to order defendant to produce documents relied on by him? What is the meaning of On issue of summons for final disposal, defendant to be directed to produce his witnesses? What is Delivery or transmission of summons for service? What is the Mode of service? Rule 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

How to complete Service on several defendants? What is the meaning Service to be on defendant on person when practicable, or on his agent? What is Service on agent by whom defendant carries on business? How is Service on agent in charge in suits for immovable property? Where service may be on an adult member of defendant's family? Rule 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is the meaning of Person served to sign acknowledgement? What is the Procedure when defendant refuses to accept service, or cannot he found? What is Endorsement of time and manner of service? What is Examination of serving officer? What is Simultaneous issue of summons for service by post in addition to personal service? What is Substituted services? Rule 16, 17, 18, 19, 19A and 20 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is the method of Service of summons where defendant resides within jurisdiction of another Court? What is Service within presidency-towns of summons issued by Courts outside? What is the Duty of Court to which summons is sent? What is the mode of Service on defendant in prison? How to Service where defendant resides out of India and has no agent? Rule 21, 22, 23, 24 and 25 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

How to do Service in foreign territory through Political Agent or Court- Where? How Summonses to be sent to officer to foreign countries? How to do Service on civil public officer or on servant of railway company or local authority? How to do Service on soldiers, sailors or airmen? What is the Duty of person to whom summons is delivered or sent for service? What is Substitution of letter for summons? Rule 26, 26A, 27, 28, 29 and 30 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER V RULE 26, 26A, 27, 28, 29 30 OF CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 1908

How to do Service in foreign territory through Political Agent or Court- Where? How Summonses to be sent to officer to foreign countries? How to do Service on civil public officer or on servant of railway company or local authority? How to do Service on soldiers, sailors or airmen? What is the Duty of person to whom summons is delivered or sent for service? What is Substitution of letter for summons? Rule 26, 26A, 27, 28, 29 and 30 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

Service in foreign territory through Political Agent or Court- Where, Summonses to he sent to officer to foreign countries, Service on civil public officer or on servant of railway company or local authority, Service on soldiers, sailors or airmen, Duty of person to whom summons is delivered or sent for service and Substitution of letter for summons are defined under Rule 26, 26A, 27, 28, 29 and 30 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908. Provisions under these Rules are:

Rule 26 Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Service in foreign territory through Political Agent or Court- Where"

(a) in the exercise of any foreign jurisdiction vested in the Central Government, a Political Agent has been appointed, or a Court has been established or continued, with power to serve a summons, issued by a Court under this Code, in any foreign territory in which the defendant actually and voluntarily resides, carries on business or personally works for gain, or

(b) the Central Government has, by notification in the Official Gazette, declared, in respect of any Court situate in any such territory and not established or continued in the exercise of any such jurisdiction as aforesaid, that service by such Court of any summons issued by a Court under this Code shall be deemed to be valid service, the summons may be sent to such Political Agent or Court, by post, or otherwise, or if so directed by the Central Government, through the Ministry of that Government dealing with foreign affairs, or in such other manner as may be specified by the Central Government for the purpose of being served upon the defendant : and, if the Political Agent or Court returns the summons with an endorsement purporting to have been made by such Political Agent or by the Judge or other officer of the Court to the effect that the summons has been served on the defendant in the manner hereinbefore directed, such endorsement shall be deemed to be evidence of service.

Rule 26A Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Summonses to he sent to officer to foreign countries"

Where the Central Government has, by notification in the Official Gazette, declared in respect of any foreign territory that summonses to be served on defendants actually and voluntarily residing or carrying on business or personally working for gain in that foreign territory may be sent to an officer of the Government of the foreign territory specified by the Central Government the summonses may be sent to such officer, through the Ministry of the Government of India dealing with foreign affairs or in such other manner as may be specified by the Central Government; and if such officer ,any such summons with an endorsement purporting to have been made by him that the summons has been served on the defendant, such endorsement shall be deemed to be evidence of service.

Rule 27 Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Service on civil public officer or on servant of railway company or local authority"

 

Where the defendant is a public officer (not belonging to the Indian military naval or air forces), or is the servant of a railway company or local authority, the Court may, if it appears to it that the summons may be most conveniently so served, send it for service on the defendant to the head of the office in which he is employed together with a copy to be retained by the defendant.

Rule 28 Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Service on soldiers, sailors or airmen"

Where the defendant is a soldier, sailor or airman, the Court shall send the summons for service to his commanding officer together with a copy to be retained by the defendant.

Rule 29 Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Duty of person to whom summons is delivered or sent for service"

(1) Where a summons is delivered or sent to any person for service under rule 24, rule 27 or rule 28, such person shall be bound to serve it if possible and to return it under his signature, with the written acknowledgement of the defendant, and such signature shall be deemed to be evidence of service.

(2) Where from any cause service is impossible, the summons shall be returned to the Court with a full statement of such cause and of the steps taken to procure service, and such statement shall be deemed to be evidence of non-service.

Rule 30 Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Substitution of letter for summons"

 (1) The Court may, notwithstanding anything hereinbefore contained, substitute for a summons a letter signed by the Judge or such officer as he may appoint in this behalf, where the defendant is, in the opinion of the Court, of a rank entitling him to such mark of consideration.

(2) A letter substituted under sub-rule (1) shall contain all the particulars required to be stated in a summons, and, subject to the provisions of sub-rule (3), shall be treated in all respects as a summons.

(3) A letter so substituted may be sent to the defendant by post or by a special messenger selected by the Court, or in any other manner which the Court thinks fit; and, where the defendant has an agent empowered to accept service, the letter may be delivered or sent to such agent.

 

 

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