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ORDER I RULE 1, 2, 3, 3A CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 1908

Who may be joined as plaintiffs? What is Power of court to order separate trails? Who may be joined as defendants? What is Power to order separate trials where joinder of defendants may embarrass or delay trial?, What are the Conditions for entertainment of suits? Rule 1, 2, 3, 3A and 3B of Order I of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

Who may be joined as plaintiffs, Power of court to order separate trails, Who may be joined as defendants, Power to order separate trials where joinder of defendants may embarrass or delay trial and Conditions for entertainment of suits are defined under Rule 1, 2, 3 and 3A of Order I of Code of Civil Procedure 1908. Provisions under these Rules are:

Rule 1 Order I of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Who may be joined as plaintiffs"

All persons may be joined in one suit as plaintiffs where-

(a) any right to relief in respect of, or arising out of, the same act or transaction or series of acts or transactions is alleged to exist in such persons, whether jointly, severally or in the alternative; and

(b) if such persons brought separate suits, any common question of law or fact would arise

 

Rule 2 Order I of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Power of court to order separate trails"

Where it appears to the court that any joinder of plaintiffs may embarrass or delay the trial of the suit, the court may put the plaintiffs to their election or order separate trials or make such other order as may be expedient

Rule 3 Order I of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Who may be joined as defendants"

All persons may be joined in one suit as defendants where-

(a) any right to relief in respect of, or arising out of, the same act or transaction or series of acts or transactions is alleged to exist against such persons, whether jointly, severally or in the alternative; and

(b) if separate suits were brought against such persons, any common question of law or fact would arise.

HIGH COURT AMENDMENT

BIHAR.-In its application to the Scheduled Areas in the State of Bihar for the peace and good Government of the said areas the following proviso shall be added, namely:

“Provided that in suits for declaration of title or for possession relating to immovable properties of a member of the Scheduled Tribes as specified in Part III to the Schedule to the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950, the Deputy Commissioner concerned shall also be joined as a defendant”

- Bihar Regulation 1 of 1969, published in Bihar Gazette, Extra, Dated 9.2.1969.

Rule 3A Order I of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Power to order separate trials where joinder of defendants may embarrass or delay trial"

Where it appears to the court that any joinder of defendants may embarrass or delay the trial of the suit, the court may order separate trials or makes such other order as may be expedient in the interests of justice.

HIGH COURT AMENDMENT

MADHYA PRADESH.-In order 1 of First Schedule to the principal Act, after Rule 3-A, the following rule shall be inserted, namely: -

Rule 3B Order I of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Conditions for entertainment of suits"
(1) No suit or proceeding for:

(a) declaration of title or any right over any agricultural land, with or without any other relief; or

(b) specific performance of any contract for transfer of any agricultural land, with or without any other relief, shall be entertained by any Court, unless the plaintiff or applicant, as the case may be, knowing or having reason to believe that a return under Section 9 of the Madhya Pradesh Ceiling on Agricultural Holdings Act, 1960 (No.20 of 1960) in relation to land aforesaid has been or is required to be filed by him or by any other person before competent authority appointed under that Act, has impleaded the State of Madhya Pradesh as one of the defendants or non-applicants, as the case may be, to such suit or proceeding.

(2) No Court shall proceed with pending suit or proceeding referred to in sub-rule (1) unles, as soon as may be, the State Government is so impleaded as a defendant or non-applicant.

Explanation .-The expression “suit or proceeding” used in this sub-rule shall include appeal, reference or revision, but shall not include any proceeding for or connected with execution of any decree or final order passed in such suit or proceeding” - M.P. Act 29 of 1984, S. 5 (14.8.1984).

Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER I PARTIES TO SUIT

Who may be joined as plaintiffs? What is Power of court to order separate trails? Who may be joined as defendants? What is Power to order separate trials where joinder of defendants may embarrass or delay trial?, What are the Conditions for entertainment of suits? Rule 1, 2, 3, 3A and 3B of Order I of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is the meaning of Court may give judgment for or against one or more of joint parties? What is the meaning of Defendant need not be interested in all the relief claimed? What is the meaning of Joinder of parties liable on same contract? When plaintiff in doubt from whom redress is to be sought? What is the meaning One person may sue or defend on behalf of all in same interest? What is the Power of court to permit a person or body of persons to present opinion or to take part in the proceedings? Rule 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 8A of Order I of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is Misjoinder and nonjoinder? What is Suit in name of wrong plaintiff? What is Conduct of suit? What is Appearance of one of several plaintiffs or defendants for others? What is Objections as to nonjoinder or misjoinder? Rule 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13 of Order I of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER II FRAME OF SUIT

What is Frame of suit?, What is the meaning Suit to include the whole claim?, What is Joinder of causes of action?, What is the meaning of Only certain claims to be joined for recovery of immovable property?, What is Claims by or against executor?, Who is administrator or heir?, What is Power of Court to order separate trials?, What is Objections as to misjoinder? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 of Order II of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER III RECOGNIZED AGENTS AND PLEADERS

What is the meaning of Appearance etc may be in person by recognized agent or by pleader?, Who are Recognized agents?, How is Service of process on recognized agent?, What is Appointment of pleader?, What is Service of process on pleader?, What is the meaning Agents to accept service? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Order III of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER IV INSTITUTION OF SUITS

What is the meaning of Suit to be commenced by plaint? What is Register of suits? Rule 1 and 2 of Order IV of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER V ISSUE AND SERVICE OF SUMMONS

What is Summons? What is the Copy or statement annexed to summons? What is the meaning of Court may order defendant or plaintiff to appear in person? What is the meaning of No party to be ordered to appear in person unless resident within certain limits? What is the meaning of Summons to be either to settle issues or for final disposal? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

How is Fixing day for appearance of defendant? What is Summons to order defendant to produce documents relied on by him? What is the meaning of On issue of summons for final disposal, defendant to be directed to produce his witnesses? What is Delivery or transmission of summons for service? What is the Mode of service? Rule 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

How to complete Service on several defendants? What is the meaning Service to be on defendant on person when practicable, or on his agent? What is Service on agent by whom defendant carries on business? How is Service on agent in charge in suits for immovable property? Where service may be on an adult member of defendant's family? Rule 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is the meaning of Person served to sign acknowledgement? What is the Procedure when defendant refuses to accept service, or cannot he found? What is Endorsement of time and manner of service? What is Examination of serving officer? What is Simultaneous issue of summons for service by post in addition to personal service? What is Substituted services? Rule 16, 17, 18, 19, 19A and 20 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is the method of Service of summons where defendant resides within jurisdiction of another Court? What is Service within presidency-towns of summons issued by Courts outside? What is the Duty of Court to which summons is sent? What is the mode of Service on defendant in prison? How to Service where defendant resides out of India and has no agent? Rule 21, 22, 23, 24 and 25 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

How to do Service in foreign territory through Political Agent or Court- Where? How Summonses to be sent to officer to foreign countries? How to do Service on civil public officer or on servant of railway company or local authority? How to do Service on soldiers, sailors or airmen? What is the Duty of person to whom summons is delivered or sent for service? What is Substitution of letter for summons? Rule 26, 26A, 27, 28, 29 and 30 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908


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