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ORDER III RULE 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 OF CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 1908

What is the meaning of Appearance etc may be in person by recognized agent or by pleader?, Who are Recognized agents?, How is Service of process on recognized agent?, What is Appointment of pleader?, What is Service of process on pleader?, What is the meaning Agents to accept service? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Order III of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

Appearances, etc., may be in person, by recognized agent or by pleader, Recognized agents, Service of process on recognized agent, Appointment of pleader, Service of process on pleader and Agents to accept service are defined under Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Order III of Code of Civil Procedure 1908. Provisions under these Rules are:

Rule 1 Order III of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Appearances, etc., may be in person, by recognized agent or by pleader"

Any appearance, application or act in or to any Court, required or authorized by law to be made or done by a party in such Court, may, except where otherwise expressly provided by any law for the time being in force, be made or done by the party in person, or by his recognized agent, or by a pleader appearing, applying or acting, as the case may be, on his behalf:

Provided that any such appearance shall, if the Court so directs, be made by the party in person.

Rule 2 Order III of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Recognized agents"

The recognized agents of parties by whom such appearances, applications and acts may be made or done are-

(a) persons holding powers-of-attorney, authorizing them to make and do such appearances, applications and acts on behalf of such parties;

(b) persons carrying on trade or business for and in the names of parties not resident within the local limits of the jurisdiction of the Court within which limits the appearance, application or act is made or done, in matters connected with such trade or business only, where no other agent is expressly authorized to make and do such appearances, applications and acts.

Rule 3 Order III of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Service of process on recognized agent"

(1) Process served on the recognized agent of a party shall be as effectual as if the same had been served on the party in person, unless the Court otherwise directs.

(2) The provisions for the service of process on a party to a suit shall apply to the service of process on his recognized agent.

Rule 4 Order III of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Appointment of pleader"

(1) No pleader shall act for any person in any Court, unless he has been appointed for the purpose by such person by a document in writing signed by such person or by his recognized agent or by some other person duly authorized by or under a power-of-attorney to make such appointment.

(2) Every such appointment shall be filed in Court and shall, for the purposes of sub-rule (1), be deemed to be in force until determined with the leave of the Court by a writing signed by the client or the pleader, as the case may be, and filed in Court, or until the client or the pleader dies, or until all proceedings in the suit are ended so far as regards the client.

Explanation.-For the purposes of this sub-rule, the following shall be deemed to be proceedings in the suit,-

(a) an application for the review of decree or order in the suit,

(b) an application under section 144 or under section 152 of this Code, in relation to any decree or order made in the suit,

(c) an appeal from any decree or order in the suit, and

(d) any application or act for the purpose of obtaining copies of documents or return of documents produced or filed in the suit or of obtaining refund of moneys paid into the Court in connection with the suit.

(3) Nothing in sub-rule (2) shall be construed-

(a) as extending, as between the pleader and his client, the duration for which the pleader is engaged, or

(b) as authorising service on the pleader of any notice or document issued by any Court other than the Court for which the pleader was engaged, except where such service was expressly agreed to by the client in the document referred to in sub-rule(1)

(4) The High Court may, by general order, direct that, where the person by whom a pleader is appointed is unable to write his name, his mark upon the document appointing the pleader shall be attested by such person and in such manner as may be specified by the order.

(5) No pleader who has been engaged for the purpose of pleading only shall plead on behalf of any party, unless he has filed in Court a memorandum of appearance signed by himself and stating-

(a) the names of the parties to the suit,

(b) the name of the party for whom he appears, and

(c) the name of the person by whom he is authorized to appear:

Provided that nothing in this sub-rule shall apply to any pleader engaged to plead on behalf of any party by any other pleader who has been duly appointed to act in Court on behalf of such party.

Rule 5 Order III of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Service of process on pleader"

Any process served on the pleader who has been duly appointed to act in Court for any party] or left at the office or ordinary residence of such pleader, and whether the same is for the personal appearance of the party or not, shall be presumed to be duly communicated and made known to the party whom the pleader represents, and, unless the Court otherwise directs, shall be as effectual for all purposes as if same had been given to or served on the party in person.

Rule 6 Order III of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Agents to accept service"

(1) Besides the recognised agents described in rule 2 any person residing within the jurisdiction of the Court may be appointed an agent to accept service of process.

(2) Appointment to be in writing and to be filled in Court- Such appointment may be special or general and shall be made by an instrument in writing signed by the principal, and such instrument or, if the appointment is general, a certified copy thereof shall be filed in Court.

(3) The Court may, at any stage of the suit, order any party to the suit not having a recognised agent residing within the jurisdiction of the Court, or a pleader who has been duly appointed to act in the Court on his behalf, no appoint, within a specified time, an agent residing within the jurisdiction of the Court to accept service of the process on his behalf

Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER I PARTIES TO SUIT

Who may be joined as plaintiffs? What is Power of court to order separate trails? Who may be joined as defendants? What is Power to order separate trials where joinder of defendants may embarrass or delay trial?, What are the Conditions for entertainment of suits? Rule 1, 2, 3, 3A and 3B of Order I of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is the meaning of Court may give judgment for or against one or more of joint parties? What is the meaning of Defendant need not be interested in all the relief claimed? What is the meaning of Joinder of parties liable on same contract? When plaintiff in doubt from whom redress is to be sought? What is the meaning One person may sue or defend on behalf of all in same interest? What is the Power of court to permit a person or body of persons to present opinion or to take part in the proceedings? Rule 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 8A of Order I of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is Misjoinder and nonjoinder? What is Suit in name of wrong plaintiff? What is Conduct of suit? What is Appearance of one of several plaintiffs or defendants for others? What is Objections as to nonjoinder or misjoinder? Rule 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13 of Order I of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER II FRAME OF SUIT

What is Frame of suit?, What is the meaning Suit to include the whole claim?, What is Joinder of causes of action?, What is the meaning of Only certain claims to be joined for recovery of immovable property?, What is Claims by or against executor?, Who is administrator or heir?, What is Power of Court to order separate trials?, What is Objections as to misjoinder? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 of Order II of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER III RECOGNIZED AGENTS AND PLEADERS

What is the meaning of Appearance etc may be in person by recognized agent or by pleader?, Who are Recognized agents?, How is Service of process on recognized agent?, What is Appointment of pleader?, What is Service of process on pleader?, What is the meaning Agents to accept service? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Order III of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER IV INSTITUTION OF SUITS

What is the meaning of Suit to be commenced by plaint? What is Register of suits? Rule 1 and 2 of Order IV of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER V ISSUE AND SERVICE OF SUMMONS

What is Summons? What is the Copy or statement annexed to summons? What is the meaning of Court may order defendant or plaintiff to appear in person? What is the meaning of No party to be ordered to appear in person unless resident within certain limits? What is the meaning of Summons to be either to settle issues or for final disposal? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

How is Fixing day for appearance of defendant? What is Summons to order defendant to produce documents relied on by him? What is the meaning of On issue of summons for final disposal, defendant to be directed to produce his witnesses? What is Delivery or transmission of summons for service? What is the Mode of service? Rule 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

How to complete Service on several defendants? What is the meaning Service to be on defendant on person when practicable, or on his agent? What is Service on agent by whom defendant carries on business? How is Service on agent in charge in suits for immovable property? Where service may be on an adult member of defendant's family? Rule 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is the meaning of Person served to sign acknowledgement? What is the Procedure when defendant refuses to accept service, or cannot he found? What is Endorsement of time and manner of service? What is Examination of serving officer? What is Simultaneous issue of summons for service by post in addition to personal service? What is Substituted services? Rule 16, 17, 18, 19, 19A and 20 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is the method of Service of summons where defendant resides within jurisdiction of another Court? What is Service within presidency-towns of summons issued by Courts outside? What is the Duty of Court to which summons is sent? What is the mode of Service on defendant in prison? How to Service where defendant resides out of India and has no agent? Rule 21, 22, 23, 24 and 25 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

How to do Service in foreign territory through Political Agent or Court- Where? How Summonses to be sent to officer to foreign countries? How to do Service on civil public officer or on servant of railway company or local authority? How to do Service on soldiers, sailors or airmen? What is the Duty of person to whom summons is delivered or sent for service? What is Substitution of letter for summons? Rule 26, 26A, 27, 28, 29 and 30 of Order V of Code of Civil Procedure 1908


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