(Updated up to POCSO amendment Act 2019)
Act No. 32 of 2012 19th June 2012
An Act to protect children from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography and provide for establishment of Special Courts for trial of such offences and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
WHEREAS clause (3) of article 15 of the Constitution, inter alia, empowers the State to make special provisions for children;
AND WHEREAS, the Government of India has acceded on the 11th December, 1992 to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations, which has prescribed a set of standards to be followed by all State parties in securing the best interests of the child;
AND WHEREAS it is necessary for the proper development of the child that his or her right to privacy and confidentiality be protected and respected by every person by all means and through all stages of a judicial process involving the child;
AND WHEREAS it is imperative that the law operates in a manner that the best interest and well being of the child are regarded as being of paramount importance at every stage, to ensure the healthy physical, emotional, intellectual and social development of the child;
AND WHEREAS the State parties to the Convention on the Rights of the Child are required to undertake all appropriate national, bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent-
(a) the inducement or coercion of a child to engage in any unlawful sexual activity;
(b) the exploitative use of children in prostitution or other unlawful sexual practices;
(c) the exploitative use of children in pornographic performances and materials;
AND WHEREAS sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children are heinous crimes and need to be effectively addressed.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Sixty-third Year of the Republic of India as follows:-
CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY
Section 1. Short title, extent and commencement.
(1) This Act may be called the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012.
(2) It extends to the whole of India, except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
(3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
CHAPTER II SEXUAL OFFENCES AGAINST CHILDREN
A. PENETRATIVE SEXUAL ASSAULT AND PUNISHMENT THEREFOR
B. AGGRAVATED PENETRATIVE SEXUAL ASSAULT AND PUNISHMENT THEREFOR
C. SEXUAL ASSAULT AND PUNISHMENT THEREFOR
D. AGGRAVATED SEXUAL ASSAULT AND PUNISHMENT THEREFOR
E. SEXUAL HARASSMENT AND PUNISHMENT THEREFOR
CHAPTER III USING CHILD FOR PORNOGRAPHIC PURPOSES AND PUNISHMENT THEREFOR
CHAPTER IV ABETMENT OF AND ATTEMPT TO COMMIT AN OFFENCE
CHAPTER V PROCEDURE FOR REPORTING OF CASES
CHAPTER VI PROCEDURES FOR RECORDING STATEMENT OF THE CHILD
CHAPTER VII SPECIAL COURTS
CHAPTER VIII PROCEDURE AND POWERS OF SPECIAL COURTS AND RECORDING OF EVIDENCE
CHAPTER IX MISCELLANEOUS