NPS is the scheme introduced by Government of India to provide benefits to all citizens of India including people working in unorganized sectors. NPS is regulated and administered by Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority under PFRDA Act 2013. NPS is a voluntary contribution scheme market-linked and managed by Fund Managers.
Features of National Pension Scheme are:
- Liquidity and Flexibility
- Option to make Partial withdrawal
- Tax Benefits U/S 80CCD (1), U/S 80CCD 1(B) and U/S 80CCD (2) of Income Tax act
1. Tier I Account
This Account function as Pension Account and withdrawals are subject to restrictions. This account can be opened with investment of Rs. 500/-.
2. Tier II Account
This is voluntary account with liquidity of funds via investments and withdrawals. This account can be opened by investing Rs.250/-. Investment in Tier II account is allowed only when a Tier I account is already there in the name of subscriber.
There are two investment options for the subscribers:
1. Auto Choice
It is the default option for the subscribers as per the system. Fund manager is managing the investment of subscriber on the basis of age profile.
2. Active Choice
Under this option investors are free to decide among available asset classes in which the fund is to be invested. There is maximum cap of 50% for asset class Equities. The investor has option to switch investment of change fund manager.
Deduction under Section 80CCD (1) of Income Tax Act
Investment deductible upto Rs. 1,50,000 towards Tire I Investments
Deduction under Section 80CCD 1(B) of Income Tax Act
Additional Deduction of Rs. 50000/- for amount invested in tier II
Deduction under Section 80CCD (2) of Income Tax Act
Contribution to Tier I Investment Up to 14% is deductible for Central Government contribution and up to 10% is deductible for others
- Up to 25% of tier I contribution withdrawn by the subscriber is tax free.
- Lump-sum withdrawal from NPS up to 40% is tax free for subscribers aged 60 years
- Annuity purchase from NPS corpus is tax exempt. But the income generated from such Annuity in next year is taxable.
Who can make contribution to National Pension Scheme
Indian citizen between the age group of 18 and 65 are eligible to invest in NPS. KYC compliance is necessary for NPS Investment.
NRI also can invest in NPS.
Government Employees in Central and State Government. Most of the state governments have already implemented NPS System.
Employees working in Private Sector can also invest in NPS. This include Proprietorship concern, Partnership, LLP, Co Operative Society, Public Sector Enterprises Charitable Trust and Society etc
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