Notwithstanding anything contained in section 29 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974), it shall be lawful for any Metropolitan Magistrate, or any Judicial Magistrate of the first class specially empowered by the State Government in this behalf, to pass a sentence of fine exceeding five thousand rupees on any person convicted of contravening any order made under section 3.]
7. Subs. by Act 30 of 1974, s. 9 (w.e.f. 22-6-1974)
(1) If the Central Government is of opinion that a situation has arisen where, in the interests of production, supply or distribution of 2 [any essential commodity not being an essential commodity referred to in clause (a) of sub-section (2)] or trade or commerce therein and other relevant considerations, it is necessary that the contravention of any order made under section 3 in relation to such essential commodity should be tried summarily, the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify such order to be a special order for purposes of summary trial under this section, and every such notification shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is issued, before both Houses of Parliament:
3 [Provided that-
(a) every such notification issued after the commencement of the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 1971, shall, unless sooner rescinded, cease to operate at the expiration of two years after the publication of such notification in the Official Gazette;
(b) every such notification in force immediately before such commencement shall, unless sooner rescinded, cease to operate at the expiration of two years after such commencement:
Provided further that nothing in the foregoing proviso shall affect any case relating to the contravention of a special order specified in any such notification if proceedings by way of summary trial have commenced before that notification is rescinded or ceases to operate and the provisions of this section shall continue to apply to that case as if that notification had not been rescinded or had not ceased to operate.]
4 [(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) all, offences relating to-
(a) the contravention of an order made under section 3 with respect to-
5 * * * * *
(ii) foodstuffs, including edible oilseeds and oil; or
(iii) drugs; and
(b) where any notification issued under sub-section (1) in relation to a special order is in force, the contravention of such special order, shall be tried in a summary way by a Judicial Magistrate of the First Class specially empowered in this behalf by the State Government or by a Metropolitan Magistrate and the provisions of sections 262 to 265 (both inclusive) of the said Code shall, as far as may be, apply to such trial:
Provided that, in the case of any conviction in a summary trial under this section, it shall be lawful for the Magistrate to pass a sentence of imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year:
Provided further that when at the commencement of, or in the course of, a summary trial under this section, it appears to the Magistrate that the nature of the case is such that a sentence of imprisonment for a term exceeding one year may have to be passed or that it is, for any other reason, undesirable to try the case summarily, the Magistrate shall, after hearing the parties, record an order to that effect and thereafter recall any witnesses who may have been examined and proceed to hear or re-hear the case in the manner provided by the said Code.]
(3) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in 6 [the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 1973 (2 of 1974),] there shall be no appeal by a convicted person in any case tried summarily under
1. Ins. by Act 47 of 1964, s. 2.
2. Subs. by Act 30 of 1974, s. 10, for "any essential commodity" (w.e.f. 22-6-1974).
3. Added by Act 66 of 1971, s. 5 (w.e.f. 23-12-1971).
4. Subs. by Act 30 of 1974, s. 10, for sub-section (2) (w.e.f. 22-6-1974).
5. Omitted by Act 54 of 2006, s. 5 (w.e.f. 12-2-2007).
6. Subs. by Act 30 of 1974, s. 10, for "the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (5 of 1898)" (w.e.f. 22-6-1974).
this section in which the Magistrate passes a sentence of imprisonment not exceeding one month, 1 [and of fine not exceeding two thousand rupees] whether or not any order of forfeiture of property or an order under 2 [section 452] of the said Code is made in addition to such sentences, but an appeal shall lie where any sentence 3 *** in excess of the aforesaid limits is passed by the Magistrate.
4 [(4) All cases relating to the contravention of an order referred to in clause (a) of sub-section (2), not being a special order, and pending before a Magistrate immediately before the commencement of the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 1974, and, where any notification is issued under subsection (1) in relation to a special order, all cases relating to the contravention of such special order and pending before a Magistrate immediately before the date of the issue of such notification, shall, if no witnesses have been examined before such commencement or the said date, as the case may be, be tried in a summary way under this section, and if any such case is pending before a Magistrate who is not competent to try the same in a summary way under this section, it shall be forwarded to a Magistrate so competent.]
No civil court shall grant an injunction or make any order for any other relief, against the Central Government or any State Government or a Public officer in respect of any Act done or purporting to be done by such Government, or such officer in his official capacity, under this Act or any order made thereunder, until after notice of the application for such injunction or other relief has been given to such Government or officer.]
1. Subs. by Act 30 of 1974, s. 10, for "or of fine not exceeding two thousand rupees or both" (w.e.f. 22-6-1974).
2. Subs. by s. 10, ibid., for "section 517" (w.e.f. 22-6-1974).
3. The words "of imprisonment or fine" omitted by s. 10, ibid. (w.e.f. 22-6-1974).
4. Subs. by s. 10, ibid., for sub-section (4) (w.e.f. 22-6-1974).
5. Ins. by s. 11, ibid. (w.e.f. 22-6-1974)
Essential Commodities Act 1955
Section 1 Short Title and Extent, Section 2 Definitions, Section 2A Essential Commodities Declaration etc
Section 3 Powers to control production, supply, distribution, etc., of essential commodities
Section 4 Imposition of duties on State Governments, etc
Section 5 Delegation of powers
Section 6 Effect of orders inconsistent with other enactments.
Section 6A Confiscation of essential commodity
Section 6B Issue of show cause notice before confiscation of food grains, etc
Section 6D Award of confiscation not to interfere with other punishments
Section 6E Bar of jurisdiction in certain cases
Section 7A Power of Central Government to recover certain amounts as arrears of land revenue
Section 8 Attempts and abetment
Section 10 Offences by Companies
Section 10A Offences to be cognizable
Section 10B Power of court to publish name, place of business, etc., of companies convicted under the Act
Section 10C Presumption of culpable mental state
Section 11 Cognizance of offences
Section 12 Special provision regarding fine
Section 12 A Power to try summarily
Section 12B rant of injunction, etc., by civil courts
Section 13 Presumption as to orders
Section 14 Burden of proof in certain cases
Section 15 Protection of action taken under Act
Section 15A Prosecution of public servant, Section 16 Repeals and savings