CHAPTER IV CONSUMER DISPUTES REDRESSAL COMMISSION
Section 58 of Consumer Protection Act 2019 : Jurisdiction of National Commission
58. (1) Subject to the other provisions of this Act, the National Commission shall have jurisdiction-
(a) to entertain-
(i) complaints where the value of the goods or services paid as consideration exceeds rupees ten crore:
Provided that where the Central Government deems it necessary so to do, it may prescribe such other value, as it deems fit;
(ii) complaints against unfair contracts, where the value of goods or services paid as consideration exceeds ten crore rupees;
(iii) appeals against the orders of any State Commission;
(iv) appeals against the orders of the Central Authority; and
(b) to call for the records and pass appropriate orders in any consumer dispute which is pending before or has been decided by any State Commission where it appears to the National Commission that such State Commission has exercised a jurisdiction not vested in it by law, or has failed to exercise a jurisdiction so vested, or has acted in the exercise of its jurisdiction illegally or with material irregularity.
(2) The jurisdiction, powers and authority of the National Commission may be exercised by Benches thereof and a Bench may be constituted by the President with one or more members as he may deem fit:
Provided that the senior-most member of the Bench shall preside over the Bench.
(3) Where the members of a Bench differ in opinion on any point, the points shall be decided according to the opinion of the majority, if there is a majority, but if the members are equally divided, they shall state the point or points on which they differ, and make a reference to the President who shall either hear the point or points himself or refer the case for hearing on such point or points by one or more of the other members and such point or points shall be decided according to the opinion of the majority of the members who have heard the case, including those who first heard it:
Provided that the President or the other member, as the case may be, shall give opinion on the point or points so referred within a period of two months from the date of such reference.
Section 59 of Consumer Protection Act 2019: Procedure applicable to National Commission
59. (1) The provisions relating to complaints under sections 35, 36, 37, 38 and 39 shall, with such modifications as may be considered necessary, be applicable to the disposal of complaints by the National Commission.
(2) Without prejudice to sub-section (1), the National Commission may also declare any terms of contract, which is unfair to any consumer to be null and void.
Section 60 of Consumer Protection Act 2019: Review by National Commission in certain cases
60. The National Commission shall have the power to review any of the order passed by it if there is an error apparent on the face of the record, either of its own motion or on an application made by any of the parties within thirty days of such order.
Section 61 of Consumer Protection Act 2019: Power to set aside ex parte orders.
61. Where an order is passed by the National Commission ex parte, the aggrieved party may make an application to the Commission for setting aside such order.
Section 62 of Consumer Protection Act 2019: Transfer of cases
62. On the application of the complainant or of its own motion, the National Commission may, at any stage of the proceeding, in the interest of justice, transfer any complaint pending before the District Commission of one State to a District Commission of another State or before one State Commission to another State Commission.
Section 63 of Consumer Protection Act 2019: Vacancy in office of President of National Commission
63. When the office of President of the National Commission is vacant or
a person occupying such office is, by reason of absence or otherwise, unable
to perform the duties of
his office, these shall be performed by the senior-most member of the National Commission:
Provided that where a retired Judge of a High Court or a person who has been a Judicial Member is a member of the National Commission, such member or where the number of such members is more than one, the senior-most person amongst such members, shall preside over the National Commission in the absence of President of that Commission.
Section 64 of Consumer Protection Act 2019: Vacancies or defects in appointment not to invalidate orders
64. No act or proceeding of the District Commission, the State Commission or the National Commission shall be invalid by reason only of the existence of any vacancy amongst its members or any defect in the constitution thereof.
Section 65 of Consumer Protection Act 2019: Service of notice, etc
65. (1) All notices, required by this Act to be served, shall be served
by delivering or transmitting a copy thereof by registered post
acknowledgment due addressed to opposite party against whom complaint is
made or to the complainant by speed post or by such courier service,
approved by the District Commission, the State Commission or the National
Commission, as the case may be, or by any other mode of transmission of documents including electronic means.
(2) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in sub-section (1), the notice required by this Act may be served on an electronic service provider at the address provided by it on the electronic platform from where it provides its services as such and for this purpose, the electronic service provider shall designate a nodal officer to accept and process such notices.
(3) When an acknowledgment or any other receipt purporting to be signed
by the opposite party or his agent or, as the case may be, by the
complainant is received by the District Commission, the State Commission or
the National Commission, as the case may be, or postal article containing
the notice is received back by such District Commission, State Commission or
the National Commission, with an endorsement purporting to have been made by
a postal employee or by any person authorised by the courier service to the
that the opposite party or his agent or complainant had refused to take delivery of the postal article containing the notice or had refused to accept the notice by any other means specified in sub-section (1) when tendered or transmitted to him, the District Commission or the State Commission or the National Commission, as the case may be, shall declare that the notice has been duly served on the opposite party or to the complainant, as the case may be:
Provided that where the notice was properly addressed, pre-paid and duly sent by registered post acknowledgment due, a declaration referred to in this sub-section shall be made notwithstanding the fact that the acknowledgment has been lost or misplaced, or for any other reason, has not been received by the District Commission, the State Commission or the National Commission, as the case may be, within thirty days from the date of issue of notice.
(4) All notices required to be served on an opposite party or to complainant, as the case may be, shall be deemed to be sufficiently served, if addressed in the case of the opposite party, to the place where business or profession is carried on, and in case of the complainant, the place where such person actually and voluntarily resides.
Section 66 of Consumer Protection Act 2019: Experts to assist National Commission or State Commission
66. Where the National Commission or the State Commission, as the case may be, on an application by a complainant or otherwise, is of the opinion that it involves the larger interest of consumers, it may direct any individual or organisation or expert to assist the National Commission or the State Commission, as the case may be.
Section 67 of Consumer Protection Act 2019: Appeal against order of National Commission
67. Any person, aggrieved by an order made by the National Commission in exercise of its powers conferred by sub-clause (i) or (ii) of clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 58, may prefer an appeal against such order to the Supreme Court within a period of thirty days from the date of the order:
Provided that the Supreme Court may entertain an appeal after the expiry of the said period of thirty days if it is satisfied that there was sufficient cause for not filing it within that period:
Provided further that no appeal by a person who is required to pay any amount in terms of an order of the National Commission shall be entertained by the Supreme Court unless that person has deposited fifty per cent. of that amount in the manner as may be prescribed.