CHAPTER IV CONSUMER DISPUTES REDRESSAL COMMISSION
Section 28 of Consumer Protection Act 2019 : Establishment of District Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission
28. (1) The State Government shall, by notification, establish a District Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission, to be known as the District Commission, in each district of the State:
Provided that the State Government may, if it deems fit, establish more than one District Commission in a district.
(2) Each District Commission shall consist of-
(a) a President; and
(b) not less than two and not more than such number of members as may be prescribed, in consultation with the Central Government.
Section 29 of Consumer Protection Act 2019: Qualifications, etc., of President and members of District Commission
29. The Central Government may, by notification, make rules to provide for the qualifications, method of recruitment, procedure for appointment, term of office, resignation and removal of the President and members of the District Commission.
Section 30 of Consumer Protection Act 2019: Salaries, allowances and
other terms and conditions of service of President and members of District
30. The State Government may, by notification, make rules to provide for salaries and allowances and other terms and conditions of service of the President, and members of the District Commission.
Section 31 of Consumer Protection Act 2019: Transitional provision
31. Any person appointed as President or, as the case may be, a member of the District Commission immediately before the commencement of this Act shall hold office as such as President or, as the case may be, as member till the completion of his term for which he has been appointed.
Section 32 of Consumer Protection Act 2019: Vacancy in office of member of District Commission
32. If, at any time, there is a vacancy in the office of the President or member of a District Commission, the State Government may, by notification, direct-
(a) any other District Commission specified in that notification to exercise the jurisdiction in respect of that district also; or
(b) the President or a member of any other District Commission specified
in that notification to exercise the powers and discharge the functions of
the President or member of that District Commission also.
Section 33 of Consumer Protection Act 2019: Officers and other employees of District Commission
33. (1) The State Government shall provide the District Commission with such officers and other employees as may be required to assist the District Commission in the discharge of its functions.
(2) The officers and other employees of the District Commission shall discharge their functions under the general superintendence of the President of the District Commission.
(3) The salaries and allowances payable to, and the other terms and conditions of service of, the officers and other employees of the District Commission shall be such as may be prescribed.
Section 34 of Consumer Protection Act 2019: Jurisdiction of District Commission
34. (1) Subject to the other provisions of this Act, the District Commission shall have jurisdiction to entertain complaints where the value of the goods or services paid as consideration does not exceed one crore rupees:
Provided that where the Central Government deems it necessary so to do, it may prescribe such other value, as it deems fit.
(2) A complaint shall be instituted in a District Commission within the local limits of whose jurisdiction,-
(a) the opposite party or each of the opposite parties, where there are more than one, at the time of the institution of the complaint, ordinarily resides or carries on business or has a branch office or personally works for gain; or
(b) any of the opposite parties, where there are more than one, at the time of the institution of the complaint, actually and voluntarily resides, or carries on business or has a branch office, or personally works for gain, provided that in such case the permission of the District Commission is given; or
(c) the cause of action, wholly or in part, arises; or
(d) the complainant resides or personally works for gain.
(3) The District Commission shall ordinarily function in the district headquarters and may perform its functions at such other place in the district, as the State Government may, in consultation with the State Commission, notify in the Official Gazette from time to time.
Section 35 of Consumer Protection Act 2019: Manner in which complaint shall be made
35. (1) A complaint, in relation to any goods sold or delivered or agreed to be sold or delivered or any service provided or agreed to be provided, may be filed with a District Commission by-
(a) the consumer,-
(i) to whom such goods are sold or delivered or agreed to be sold or delivered or such service is provided or agreed to be provided; or
(ii) who alleges unfair trade practice in respect of such goods or service;
(b) any recognised consumer association, whether the consumer to whom such goods are sold or delivered or agreed to be sold or delivered or such service is provided or agreed to be provided, or who alleges unfair trade practice in respect of such goods or service, is a member of such association or not;
(c) one or more consumers, where there are numerous consumers having the same interest, with the permission of the District Commission, on behalf of, or for the benefit of, all consumers so interested; or
(d) the Central Government, the Central Authority or the State Government, as the case may be:
Provided that the complaint under this sub-section may be filed electronically in such manner as may be prescribed.
Explanation.-For the purposes of this sub-section, "recognised consumer association" means any voluntary consumer association registered under any law for the time being in force.
(2) Every complaint filed under sub-section (1) shall be accompanied with such fee and payable in such manner, including electronic form, as may be prescribed.
Section 36 of Consumer Protection Act 2019: Proceedings before District Commission
36. (1) Every proceeding before the District Commission shall be conducted by the President of that Commission and atleast one member thereof, sitting together:
Provided that where a member, for any reason, is unable to conduct a proceeding till it is completed, the President and the other member shall continue the proceeding from the stage at which it was last heard by the previous member.
(2) On receipt of a complaint made under section 35, the District Commission may, by order, admit the complaint for being proceeded with or reject the same:
Provided that a complaint shall not be rejected under this section unless an opportunity of being heard has been given to the complainant:
Provided further that the admissibility of the complaint shall ordinarily be decided within twenty-one days from the date on which the complaint was filed.
(3) Where the District Commission does not decide the issue of admissibility of the complaint within the period so specified, it shall be deemed to have been admitted.
Section 37 of Consumer Protection Act 2019: Reference to mediation
37. (1) At the first hearing of the complaint after its admission, or at any later stage, if it appears to the District Commission that there exists elements of a settlement which may be acceptable to the parties, except in such cases as may be prescribed, it may direct the parties to give in writing, within five days, consent to have their dispute settled by mediation in accordance with the provisions of Chapter V.
(2) Where the parties agree for settlement by mediation and give their consent in writing, the District Commission shall, within five days of receipt of such consent, refer the matter for mediation, and in such case, the provisions of Chapter V, relating to mediation, shall apply.