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Section 39 IPC Voluntarily

Section 39 of Indian Penal Code 1860 : Voluntarily

A person is said to cause an effect "voluntarily" when he causes it by means whereby he intended to cause it, or by means which, at the time of employing those means, he knew or had reason to believe to be likely to cause it. 


A sets fire, by night, to an inhabited house in a large town, for the purpose of facilitating a robbery and thus causes the death of a person. Here, A may not have intended to cause death; and may even be sorry that death has been caused by his act; yet, if he knew that he was likely to cause death, he has caused death voluntarily.

Indian Penal Code 1860

Section 26 Reason to believe

Section 27 Property in possession of wife, clerk or servant

Section 28 Counterfeit

Section 29 Document

Section 29A Electronic record

Section 30 Valuable security

Section 31 A will

Section 32 Words referring to acts include illegal omissions

Section 33 Act Omission

Section 34 Acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention

Section 35 When such an act is criminal by reason of its being done with a criminal knowledge or intention

Section 36 Effect caused partly by act and partly by omission

Section 37 Co-operation by doing one of several acts constituting an offence

Section 38 Persons concerned in criminal act may be guilty of different offences

Section 39 Voluntarily

Section 40 Offence

Section 41 Special law

Section 42 Local law

Section 43 Illegal Legally bound to do

Section 44 Injury

Section 45 Life

Section 46 Death

Section 47 Animal

Section 48 Vessel

Section 49 Year Month

Section 50 Section

Section 51 Oath

Section 52 Good faith

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