Section 93 of Evidence Act "Exclusion of evidence to explain or amend ambiguous document"
When the language used in a document is, on its face, ambiguous or defective, evidence may not be given of facts which would show its meaning or supply its defects.
(a) A agrees, in writing, to sell a horse to B for "Rs. 1,000 or Rs. 1,500".
Evidence cannot be given to show which price was to be given.
(b) A deed contains blanks. Evidence cannot be given of facts which would show how they were meant to be filled.
Section 94 of Evidence Act "Exclusion of evidence against application of document to existing facts"
When language used in a document is plain in
itself, and when it applies accurately to existing facts,
evidence may not be given to show that it was not meant to
apply to such facts.
A sells to B, by deed, "my estate at Rampur containing 100 bighas". A has an estate at Rampur containing 100 bighas. Evidence may not be given of the fact that the estate meant to be sold was one situated at a different place and of a different size.
What is Evidence as to document unmeaning in reference to existing facts What is Evidence as to application of language which can apply to one only of several persons Section 95 and 96 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Evidence as to application of language to one of two sets of facts, to neither of which the whole correctly applies Evidence as to meaning of illegible characters, etc Section 97 and 98 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Burden of proving death of person known to have been alive within thirty years Burden of proving that person is alive who has not been heard of for seven years Section 107 and 108 of Indian Evidence Act 1872