Section 159 of Evidence Act "Refreshing memory"
A witness may, while under examination, refresh his
memory by referring to any writing made by himself at the
time of the transaction concerning which he is questioned,
or so soon afterwards that the Court considers it likely
that the transaction was at that time fresh in his memory.
The witness may also refer to any such writing made by any other person, and read by the witness within the time aforesaid, if when he read it he knew it to be correct.
When witness may use copy of document to refresh memory-
Whenever a witness may refresh his memory by reference to
any document, he may, with the permission of the Court,
refer to a copy of such document:
Provided the Court be satisfied that there is sufficient reason for the non - production of the original.
An expert may refresh his memory by reference to professional treatises.
Section 160 of Evidence Act "Testimony to facts stated in document mentioned in section 159"
A witness may also testify to facts mentioned in any such
document as is mentioned is section 159, although he has no
specific recollection of the facts themselves, if he is sure
that the facts were correctly recorded in the document.
A book- keeper may testify to facts recorded by him in books regularly kept in the course of business, if he know that the books were correctly kept, although he has forgotten the particular transactions entered.
What is Cross-examination as to previous Statements in writing What are Questions lawful in cross-examination When witness to be compelled to answer Section 145, 146 and 147 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is the meaning of Court to decide when question shall be asked and when witness compelled to answer What is Question not to be asked without reasonable grounds Section 148 and 149 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Question by party to his own witness What is Impeaching credit of witness What is Questions tending to corroborate evidence of relevant fact, admissible Section 154, 155 and 156 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Former statements of witness may be proved to corroborate later testimony as to same fact What matters may be proved in connection with proved statement relevant under section 32 or 33 Section 157 and 158 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Right of adverse party as to writing used to refresh memory What are Productions of documents What is Giving, as evidence, of document called for and produced on notice Section 161, 162 and 163 of Indian Evidence Act 1872