Section 142 of Evidence Act "When they must not be asked"
Leading questions must not, if objected to by the adverse party be asked in an examination-in-chief, or in a re-examination, except with the permission of the Court.
The Court shall permit leading questions as to matters which are introductory or undisputed, or which have, in its opinion, been already sufficiently proved.
Section 143 of Evidence Act "When they may be asked"
Leading questions may be asked in cross- examination.
Section 144 of Evidence Act "Evidence as to
matters in writing"
Any witness may be asked, whilst under examination whether any contract, grant or other disposition of property, as to which he is giving evidence, was not contained in a document, and if he says that it was, or if he is about to make any statement as to the contents of any document, which, in the opinion of the Court, ought to be produced, the adverse party may object to such evidence being given until such document is produced, or until facts have been proved which entitle the party who called the witness to give secondary evidence of it.
Explanation - A witness may give oral evidence of statements made by other persons about the contents of documents if such statements are in themselves relevant facts.
The question is, whether A assaulted B.
C deposes that he heard A say to D-"B wrote a letter accusing me of theft, and I will be revenged on him". This statement is relevant, as showing A's motive for the assault, and evidence may be given of it, though no other evidence is given about the letter.
What is Cross-examination as to previous Statements in writing What are Questions lawful in cross-examination When witness to be compelled to answer Section 145, 146 and 147 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is the meaning of Court to decide when question shall be asked and when witness compelled to answer What is Question not to be asked without reasonable grounds Section 148 and 149 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Question by party to his own witness What is Impeaching credit of witness What is Questions tending to corroborate evidence of relevant fact, admissible Section 154, 155 and 156 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Former statements of witness may be proved to corroborate later testimony as to same fact What matters may be proved in connection with proved statement relevant under section 32 or 33 Section 157 and 158 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Right of adverse party as to writing used to refresh memory What are Productions of documents What is Giving, as evidence, of document called for and produced on notice Section 161, 162 and 163 of Indian Evidence Act 1872