Section 285 of CRPC "Commission to whom to be issued"
(1) If witness is within the territories to which this Code extend the commission shall be directed to the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or the Chief Judicial Magistrate, as the case may be, within whose local jurisdiction the witness is to be found.
2) If the witness is in India, but in a State or an area
to which this Code does not extend, the commission, shall be
directed to such Court or officer as the Central Government
may, by notification, specify in this behalf.
(3) If the witness is in a country or place outside India and arrangements have been made by the Central Government with the Government of such country or place for taking the evidence of witnesses in relation to criminal matters, the commission shall be issued in such form, directed to such Court or officer, and sent to such authority for transmission as the Central Government may, by notification, prescribed in this behalf.
Section 286 of CRPC "Execution of commissions"
Upon receipt of the Commission, the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate, or Chief Judicial Magistrate, or such Metropolitan or Judicial Magistrate as he may appoint in this behalf, shall summon the witness before him or proceed to the place where the witness is, and shall take down his evidence in the same manner, and may for this purpose exercise the same powers, as in trials or warrant cases under this Code.
Section 287 of CRPC "Parties may examine witnesses"
(1) The parties to any proceeding under this Code in which a
commission is issued may respectively forward any
interrogatories in writing which the Court or Magistrate
directing the commission may think relevant to the issue,
and it shall be lawful for the Magistrate, Court or officer
to whom the commission, is directed, or to whom the duty of
executing it is delegated, to examine the witness upon such
(2) Any such party may appear before such magistrate, Court or Officer by Pleader, or if not in custody, in person, and may examine, cross-examine and re-examine (as the case may be) the said witness.
EVIDENCE IN INQUIRIES AND TRIALS
What is Language of Courts? Evidence to be taken in presence of accused What is Record in summons-cases and inquiries? What is Record in warrant-cases. Section 272, 273, 274 and 275 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
Record in trial before Court of Session? What is Language of record of evidence? What is Procedure in regard to such evidence when completed? Section 276, 277 and 278 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
What is Interpretation of evidence to accused or his pleader? Remarks respecting demeanour of witness and What is Record of examination of accused? Section 279, 280 and 281 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
Interpreter to be bound to interpret truthfully. What is Record in High Court? When attendance of witness may be dispensed with and commission issued? Section 282, 283 and 284 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
Commissions for Examination of Witnesses
No formal proof of certain documents, What is affidavit in proof of conduct of public servant? What is evidence of formal character on affidavit? Section 294, 295 and 296 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
What are the authorities before whom affidavits may be sworn? Previous conviction or acquittal how proved? What is record of evidence in absence of accused? Section 297, 298 and 299 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973