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CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 1908

ORDER XXXI SUITS BY OR AGAINST TRUSTEES, EXECUTORS AND ADMINISTRATORS

What is Representation of beneficiaries in suits concerning property vested in trustees, etc.? What is Joinder of trustees, executors and administrators? Is Husband of married executrix not to join? Rule 1, 2 and 3 of Order XXXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

 

ORDER XXXII SUITS BY OR AGAINST MINORS AND PERSONS OF UNSOUND MIND

Can Minor to sue by next friend? Where suit is instituted without next friend, plaint to be taken off the file? Security to be furnished by next friend when so ordered, Should Guardian for the suit to be appointed by Court for minor defendant? Who may act as next friend or be appointed guardian for the suit? Representation of minor by next friend or guardian for the suit, Receipt by next friend or guardian for the suit of property under decree for minor, Agreement or compromise by next friend or guardian for the suit, Retirement of next friend? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 of Order XXXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is Removal of next friend? What is Stay of proceedings on removal, etc., of next friend? How is the Retirement, removal or death of guardian for the suit? What is the Course to be followed by minor plaintiff or applicant or attaining majority? Where minor co-plaintiff attaining majority desires to repudiate suit? What is Unreasonable or improper suit? Rules 1 to 14 (except rule 2A) to apply to persons of unsound mind, Savings, Rule 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 of Order XXXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXXII A SUITS RELATING TO MATTERS CONCERNING THE FAMILY

What is Application of the Order? Are Proceedings to be held in camera? What is the Duty of Court to make efforts for settlement? How to get Assistance of welfare expert? What is the Duty to inquire into facts? What is "Family"-meaning of? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Order XXXII A of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

 

ORDER XXXIII SUITS BY INDIGENT PERSONS

What is the meaning of Suits may be instituted by indigent person? What Inquiry into the means of an indigent person? What is Contents of application? What is Presentation of application? What is Examination of applicants? What is Rejection of application? What is Notice of day for receiving evidence of applicant’s indigency? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is the Procedure at hearing? What is the Procedure if application admitted? What is Withdrawal of permission to sue as an indigent person? What is Costs where indigent person succeeds? What is the Procedure where Indigent person fails? What is the Procedure where indigent persons suit abates? State Government may apply for payment of court-fees Rule 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 of Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

State Government to be deemed a party? How to do Recovery of amount of court-fees? What is Refusal to allow applicant to sue as indigent person to bar subsequent application of like nature? What is Grant of time for payment of court-fee? Costs, How to Defence by an indigent person? What is the Power of Government to provide for free legal services to indigent person? Rule 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 of Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXXIV SUITS RELATING TO MORTGAGES OF IMMOVABLE PROPERTY

Who are the Parties to suits for foreclosure sale and redemption? What is Preliminary decree in foreclosure suit? What is Final decree in foreclosure suit? What is Preliminary decree in suit for sale? What is Final decree in suit for sale? What is Recovery of balance due on mortgage in suit for sale? What is Preliminary decree in redemption suit? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 of Order XXXIV of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is Final decree in redemption suit? What is Recovery of balance due on mortgage in suit for redemption? What is Decree where nothing is found due or where mortgagee has been overpaid, Costs of mortgagee subsequent to decree? What is Power of Court to direct mortgagee to pay mesne profits? What is Payment of interest? What is Sale of property subject to prior mortgage? What is Application of proceeds? What is Suit for sale necessary for bringing mortgaged property to sale? What is Mortgages by the deposit of title deeds and charges? Rule 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15 of Order XXXIV of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXXV INTERPLEADER

What is Plaint in interpleader-suit? Payment of thing claimed into Court, What is the Procedure where defendant is suing plaintiff? What is the Procedure at first hearing? Can Agents and tenants may not institute interpleader suits? What is Charge for plaintiff’s costs? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Order XXXV of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXXVI SPECIAL CASE

What is the Power to state case for Courts opinion? Where value of subject-matter must be stated? Rule 1 and 2 of Order XXXVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXXVII SUMMARY PROCEDURE

What are the Court and classes of suits to which the Order is to apply? What is the process for Institution of summary suits? What is the Procedure for the appearance of defendant? What is the Power to set aside decree? What is the Power to order bill, etc., to be deposited with officer of Court? What is Recovery of cost of noting non-acceptance of dishonoured bill or note? What is the Procedure in suits? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 of Order XXXVII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXXVIII ARREST AND ATTACHMENT BEFORE JUDGMENT

Where defendant may be called upon to furnish security for appearance? Security, What is Procedure on application by surety to be discharged? Procedure Where defendant fails to furnish security or find fresh security? Rule 1, 2, 3,  and 4 of Order XXXVIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

Where defendant may be called upon to furnish security for production of property? Attachment where cause not shown or security not furnished? What is the Mode of making attachment? What is Adjudication of claim to property attached before judgment? How is Removal of attachment when security furnished or suit dismissed? What is Attachment before judgment not to affect rights of strangers, nor bar decree -holder from applying for sale? What is the meaning Property attached before judgment not to be re-attached in execution of decree? What are the Provisions applicable to attachment? Is Agriculture produce not attachable before judgment? Is Small Cause Court not to attach immovable property? Rule 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13 of Order XXXVIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXIX TEMPORARY INJUNCTIONS AND INTERLOCUTORY ORDERS

What are the Cases in which temporary injunction may be granted? What is Injunction to restrain repetition or continuance of breach, Consequence of disobedience or breach of injunction, Before granting injunction? Is Court to direct notice to opposite party? Is Court to dispose of application for injunction within thirty days? Can Order for injunction may he discharged, varied or set aside? Is Injunction to corporation binding on its officer? Rule 1, 2, 2A, 3, 3A, 4 and 5 of Order XXIX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is the Power to order interim sale? What is Detention preservation, inspection, etc., of subject-matter of suit? What is the meaning of Application for such orders to be after notice? When party may be put in immediate possession of land the subject-matter of suit? What is Deposit of money, etc. in Court? Rule 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 of Order XXIX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XL APPOINTMENT OF RECEIVERS

What is the process of Appointment of receivers? Remuneration, Duties, How to do Enforcement of receiver's duties? When Collector may be appointed receiver? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 of Order XL of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXXIII SUITS BY INDIGENT PERSONS - RULE 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 OF CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 1908

What is the meaning of Suits may be instituted by indigent person? What Inquiry into the means of an indigent person? What is Contents of application? What is Presentation of application? What is Examination of applicants? What is Rejection of application? What is Notice of day for receiving evidence of applicant’s indigency? Rule 1, 1A, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

Suits may be instituted by indigent person, Inquiry into the means of an indigent person, Contents of application, Presentation of application, Examination of applicants, Rejection of application and Notice of day for receiving evidence of applicant’s indigency are defined under Rule 1, 1A, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908. Provisions under these Rules are:

Rule 1 Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Suits may be instituted by indigent person"

Subject to the following provisions, any suit may be instituted by an 50indigent person.

Explanation I-A person is an indigent person,-

(a) if he is not possessed of sufficient means (other than property exempt from attachment in execution of a decree and the subject-matter of the suit) to enable him to pay the fee prescribed by law for the plaint in such suit, or

(b) where no such fee is prescribed, if he is not entitled to property worth one thousand rupees other than the property exempt from attachment in execution of a decree, and the subject-matter of the suit.

Explanation II - Any property which is acquired by a person after the presentation of his application for permission to sue as an indigent person, and before the decision of the application, shall be taken into account in considering the question whether or not the applicant is an indigent person.

Explanation III - Where the plaintiff sues in a representative capacity, the question whether he is an indigent person shall be determined with reference to the means possessed by him in such capacity.

Rule 1A Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Inquiry into the means of an indigent person"

Every inquiry into the question whether or not a person is an indigent person shall be made, in the first instance, by the chief ministerial officer of the Court, unless the Court otherwise directs, and the Court may adopt the report of such officer as its own finding or may itself make an inquiry into the question.

Rule 2 Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Contents of application"

Every application for permission to sue as an 50[indigent person] shall contain the particulars required in regard to plaints in suits : a schedule of any movable or immovable property belonging to the applicant, with the estimated value thereof, shall be annexed thereto; and it shall be signed and verified in the manner prescribed for the signing and verification of pleadings.

Rule 3 Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Presentation of application"

Notwithstanding anything contained in these rules, the application shall be presented to the Court by the applicant in person, unless he is exempted from appearing in Court, in which case the application may be presented by an authorized agent who can answer all material questions relating to the application, and who may be examined in the same manner as the party represented by him might have been examined had such party attended in person :

Provided that, where there are more plaintiffs than one, it shall be sufficient if the application is presented by one of the plaintiffs.

Rule 4 Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Examination of applicants"

(1) Where the application is in proper form and duly presented, the Court may, if it thinks fit, examine the applicant, or his agent when the applicant is allowed to appear by agent, regarding the merits of the claim and the property of the applicant.

(2) If presented by agent, Court may order applicant to be examined by commission - Where the application is presented by an agent, the Court may. if it thinks fit, order that the applicant be examined by a commission in the manner in which the examination of an absent witness may be taken.

Rule 5 Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Rejection of application"

The Court shall reject an application for permission to sue as an indigent person -

(a) where it is not framed and presented in the manner prescribed by rules 2 and 3, or

(b) where the applicant is not an indigent person, or

(c) where he has, within two months next before the presentation of the application disposed of any property fraudulently or in order to be able to apply for permission to sue as an indigent person:

Provided that no application shall be rejected if, even after the value of the property disposed of by the applicant is taken into account, the applicant would be entitled to sue as an indigent person, or

(d) where his allegations do not show a cause of action, or

(e) where he has entered into any agreement with reference to the subject-matter of the proposed suit under which any other person has obtained an interest in such subject-matter, or

(f) where the allegations made by the applicant in the application show that the suit would be barred by any law for the time being in force, or

(g) where any other person has entered into an agreement with him to finance the litigation.

Rule 6 Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Notice of day for receiving evidence of applicant’s indigency"

Where the Court sees no reason to the application on any of the grounds stated in rule 5, it shall fix a day (of which at least ten day's clear notice shall be given to the opposite party and the Government pleader) for receiving such evidence as the application may adduce in proof of his indigency, and for hearing any evidence which may be adduced in disproof thereof.

 

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