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CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 1908

ORDER XXXI SUITS BY OR AGAINST TRUSTEES, EXECUTORS AND ADMINISTRATORS

What is Representation of beneficiaries in suits concerning property vested in trustees, etc.? What is Joinder of trustees, executors and administrators? Is Husband of married executrix not to join? Rule 1, 2 and 3 of Order XXXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

 

ORDER XXXII SUITS BY OR AGAINST MINORS AND PERSONS OF UNSOUND MIND

Can Minor to sue by next friend? Where suit is instituted without next friend, plaint to be taken off the file? Security to be furnished by next friend when so ordered, Should Guardian for the suit to be appointed by Court for minor defendant? Who may act as next friend or be appointed guardian for the suit? Representation of minor by next friend or guardian for the suit, Receipt by next friend or guardian for the suit of property under decree for minor, Agreement or compromise by next friend or guardian for the suit, Retirement of next friend? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 of Order XXXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is Removal of next friend? What is Stay of proceedings on removal, etc., of next friend? How is the Retirement, removal or death of guardian for the suit? What is the Course to be followed by minor plaintiff or applicant or attaining majority? Where minor co-plaintiff attaining majority desires to repudiate suit? What is Unreasonable or improper suit? Rules 1 to 14 (except rule 2A) to apply to persons of unsound mind, Savings, Rule 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 of Order XXXII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXXII A SUITS RELATING TO MATTERS CONCERNING THE FAMILY

What is Application of the Order? Are Proceedings to be held in camera? What is the Duty of Court to make efforts for settlement? How to get Assistance of welfare expert? What is the Duty to inquire into facts? What is "Family"-meaning of? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Order XXXII A of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

 

ORDER XXXIII SUITS BY INDIGENT PERSONS

What is the meaning of Suits may be instituted by indigent person? What Inquiry into the means of an indigent person? What is Contents of application? What is Presentation of application? What is Examination of applicants? What is Rejection of application? What is Notice of day for receiving evidence of applicant’s indigency? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is the Procedure at hearing? What is the Procedure if application admitted? What is Withdrawal of permission to sue as an indigent person? What is Costs where indigent person succeeds? What is the Procedure where Indigent person fails? What is the Procedure where indigent persons suit abates? State Government may apply for payment of court-fees Rule 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 of Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

State Government to be deemed a party? How to do Recovery of amount of court-fees? What is Refusal to allow applicant to sue as indigent person to bar subsequent application of like nature? What is Grant of time for payment of court-fee? Costs, How to Defence by an indigent person? What is the Power of Government to provide for free legal services to indigent person? Rule 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 of Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXXIII SUITS BY INDIGENT PERSONS - RULE 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 OF CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 1908

State Government to be deemed a party? How to do Recovery of amount of court-fees? What is Refusal to allow applicant to sue as indigent person to bar subsequent application of like nature? What is Grant of time for payment of court-fee? Costs, How to Defence by an indigent person? What is the Power of Government to provide for free legal services to indigent person? Rule 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 of Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

State Government to be deemed a party, Recovery of amount of court-fees, Refusal to allow applicant to sue as indigent person to bar subsequent application of like nature, Grant of time for payment of court-fee, Costs, Defence by an indigent person and Power of Government to provide for free legal services to indigent person are defined under Rule 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 of Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908. Provisions under these Rules are:

Rule 13 Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "State Government to be deemed a party"

All matters arising between the State Government and any party to the suit under rule 10, rule 11, rule 11 A or rule 12 shall be deemed to be questions arising between the parties to the suit within the meaning of section 47.

Rule 14 Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Recovery of amount of court-fees"

Where an order is made under rule 10, rule 11 or rule 11A, the court shall forthwith cause a copy of the decree or order to be forwarded to the Collector who may, without prejudice to any other mode of recovery, recover the amount of court-fees specified therein from the person or property liable for the payment as if it were an arrear of land revenue.

Rule 15 Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Refusal to allow applicant to sue as indigent person to bar subsequent application of like nature"

An order refusing to allow the applicant to sue as an indigent person shall be a bar to any subsequent application of the like nature by him in respect of the same right to sue; but the applicant shall be at liberty to institute a suit in the ordinary manner in respect of such right; Provided that the plaint shall be rejected if he does not pay, either at the time of the institution of the suit or within such time thereafter as the Court may allow, the costs (if any) incurred by the State Government and by the opposite party in opposing his application for leave to sue as an indigent person.

Rule 15A Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Grant of time for payment of court-fee"

Nothing contained in rule 5, rule 7 or rule 15 shall prevent a Court, while rejecting an application under rule 5 or refusing an application under rule 7, from granting time to the applicant to pay the requisite court-fee within such time as may be fixed by the Court or extended by it from time to time, and upon such payment and on payment of the costs referred to in rule 15 within that time, the suit shall be deemed to have been instituted on the date on which the application for permission to sue as an indigent person was presented.

Rule 16 Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Costs"

The costs of an application for permission to sue as an indigent person and of an inquiry into indigency shall be costs in the suit.

Rule 17 Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Defence by an indigent person"

Any defendant, who desire to plead a set-off or counter-claim, may be allowed to set up such claim as an indigent person, and the rules contained in this Order shall so far as may be, apply to him as if he were a plaintiff and his written statement were a plaint.

Rule 18 Order XXXIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Power of Government to provide for free legal services to indigent person"

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Order, the Central or State Government may make such supplementary provisions as it thinks fit for providing free legal services to those who have been permitted to sue as indigent persons.

(2) The High Court may, with the previous approval of the State Government, make rules for carrying out the supplementary provisions made by the Central or State Government for providing free legal services to indigent persons referred to in sub-rule (1), and such rules may include the nature and extent of such legal services, the conditions under which they may be made available, the matters in respect of which, and the agencies through which, such services may be rendered.

 

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