# What is Order of succession among agnates and cognates?
What is Computation of degrees? Section 12 and 13 of
Hindu Succession Act 1956

## Order of succession among agnates and cognates and
Computation of degrees are defined under section 12 and 13 of
Hindu Succession Act 1956. Provisions under these
Sections are:

**Section 12 of Hindu Succession Act "Order of
succession among agnates and cognates"**

Section 12. The order of succession among agnates or
cognates, as the case may be, shall be determined in
accordance with the rules of preference laid down
hereunder:-

Rule 1 : Of two heirs, the one who has fewer or no
degrees of ascent is preferred.

Rule 2 : Where the number of degrees of ascent is the
same or none, that heir is preferred who has fewer or no
degrees of descent.

Rule 3 : Where neither heir is entitled to be preferred
to the other under Rule 1 or Rule 2 they take
simultaneously.

**Section 13 of Hindu Succession Act "Computation of
degrees"**

Section 13. (1) For the purpose of determining the order of
succession among agnates or cognates, relationship shall be
reckoned from the intestate to the heir in terms of degrees
of ascent or degrees of descent or both, as the case may be,

(2) Degrees of ascent and degrees of descent shall be
computed inclusive of the intestate.

(3) Every generation constitutes a degree either ascending
or descending.