The Dowry Prohibition Act 1961
ACT NO. 28 OF 1961 [20th May, 1961]
An Act to prohibit the giving or taking of dowry.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Twelfth Year of the Republic of India as
1. Short title, extent and commencement.-(1) This Act may be called the Dowry
Prohibition Act, 1961.
(2) It extends to the whole of India 1***.
(3) It shall come into force on such date2 as the Central Government may, by
notification in the Official Gazette, appoint
1. The words "except the State of Jammu and Kashmir" omitted by Act 34 of
2019, s. 95 and the Fifth Schedule
(w.e.f. 31-10- 2019).
2. 1st July, 1961, vide notification No. S.O. 1410, dated 20th June, 1961, see
Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II, sec. 3(ii).
Section 2 Definitions
Section 3 Penalty for giving or taking dowry
Section 4 Penalty for demanding dowry
Section 4A Ban on advertisement, Section 5 Agreement for
giving or taking dowry to be void
Section 6 Dowry to be for the benefit of the wife or her
Section 7 cognizance of offences
Section 8 Offences to be cognizable for certain purposes and
to be bailable and non-compoundable, Section 8A Burden of
proof in certain cases
Section 8B Dowry Prohibition Officers
Section 9 Power to make rules
Section 10 Power of the State Government to make rules
Provisions of Indian Penal Code and Indian Evidence Act
Relevant Dowry Prohibition Act 1961
Dowry Prohibition (Maintenance of Lists of Presents to the
Bride and Bridegroom) Rules, 1985