Communication when complete? Section 4 of Indian Contract Act 1872
4. The communication of a proposal is complete when it comes to the knowledge of the person to whom it is made.
The communication of an acceptance is complete,-
as against the proposer, when it is put in a course of transmission to him, so as to be out of the power of the acceptor;
as against the acceptor, when it comes to the knowledge of the proposer.
The communication of a revocation is complete,-
as against the person who makes it, when it is put into a course of transmission to the person to whom it is made, so as to be out of the power of the person who makes it;
as against the person to whom it is made, when it comes to his knowledge.
(a) A proposes, by letter, to sell a house to B at a certain price.
The communication of the proposal is complete when B receives the letter;
(b) B accepts A's proposal by a letter sent by post.
The communication of the acceptance is complete,-
as against A, when the letter is posted;
as against B, when the letter is received by A.
(c) A revokes his proposal by telegram.
The revocation is complete as against A when the telegram is despatched.
It is complete as against B when B receives it.
B revokes his acceptance by telegram. B's revocation is complete as against B when the telegram is despatched, and as against A when it reaches him.
Section 2 - Interpretation clause
CHAPTER I THE COMMUNICATION, ACCEPTANCE AND REVOCATION OF PROPOSALS
Section 3 - Communication, acceptance and revocation of proposals
Section 4 - Communication when complete
Section 5 - Revocation of proposals and acceptances
Section 6 - Revocation how made
Section 7 - Acceptance must be absolute
Section 8 - Acceptance by performing conditions, or receiving consideration
Section 9 - Promises, express and implied
CHAPTER II CONTRACTS, VOIDABLE CONTRACTS AND VOID AGREEMENTS
Section 10 - What agreements are contracts
Section 11 - Who are competent to contract
Section 12 - What is a sound mind for the purposes of contracting
Section 14 - Free consent defined
Section 16 - Undue influence defined
Section 18 - Misrepresentation defined
Section 19 - Voidability of agreements without free consent
Section 19A - Power to set aside contract induced by undue influence
Section 20 - Agreement void where both parties are under mistake as to matter of fact