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What is the Language to be used in Parliament, What is Restriction on discussion in Parliament? What is the meaning Courts not to inquire into proceedings of Parliament? Article 120, 121 and 122 of Constitution of India, 1949

Language to be used in Parliament, Restriction on discussion in Parliament and Courts not to inquire into proceedings of Parliament are defined under Article 120, 121 and 122 of Constitution of India 1949. Provisions under these Articles are:



Article 120 of Constitution of India "Language to be used in Parliament"

(1) Notwithstanding anything in Part XVII, but subject to the Article 348, business in Parliament shall be transacted in Hindi or in English: Provided that the Chairman of the Council of States or Speaker of the House of the People, or Person acting as such, as the Case may be, may permit any member who cannot adequately express himself in Hindi or in English to address the House in his mother tongue.

(2) Unless Parliament by Law otherwise provides, this article shall, after the expiration of a period of fifteen years from the commencement of this Constitution, have effect as if the words "or in English" were omitted there from.


Article 121 of Constitution of India "Restriction on discussion in Parliament"

No discussions shall take place in Parliament with respect to the conduct of any Judge of the Supreme Court or of a High Court in the discharge of his duties expect upon a motion for presenting an address to the President praying for the removal of the Judge as hereinafter provided.


Article 122 of Constitution of India "Courts not to inquire into proceedings of Parliament"

(1) The validity of any proceedings in Parliament shall not be called in question on the ground of any alleged irregularity of procedure.

(2) No officer or member of Parliament in whom powers are vested by or under this Constitution for regulating procedure or the conduct of business, or for maintaining order, in Parliament shall be subject to the jurisdiction of any court in respect of the exercise by him of those powers.



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