Rule 1 Order XX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Judgment when pronounced"
(1) The Court, after the case has been heard, shall pronounce judgment in an open Court, either at once, or as soon thereafter as may be practicable and when the judgment is to be pronounced on some future day, the Court shall fix a day for that purpose, of which due notice shall be given to the parties or their pleaders:
Provided that where the judgment is not pronounced at once, every endeavour shall be made by the Court to pronounce the judgment within thirty days from the date on which the hearing of the case was concluded but, where it is not practicable so to do on the ground of the exceptional and extraordinary circumstances of the case, the Court shall fix a future day for the pronouncement of the judgment, and such day shall not ordinarily be a day beyond sixty days from the date on which the hearing of the case was concluded, and due notice of the day so fixed shall be given to the parties or their pleaders.]
*(1) The Commercial Court, Commercial Division, or Commercial Appellate Division, as the case may be, shall, within ninety days of the conclusion of arguments, pronounce judgment and copies thereof shall be issued to all the parties to the dispute through electronic mail or otherwise.
(2) Where a written judgment is to be pronounced, it shall be sufficient if the findings of the Court on each issue and the final order passed in the case are read out and it shall not be necessary for the Court to read out the whole judgment.
(3) The judgment may be pronounced by dictation in open Court to a shorthand writer if the Judge is specially empowered by the High Court in this behalf:
Provided that, where the judgment is pronounced by dictation in open Court, the transcript of the judgment so pronounced shall, after making such correction therein as may be necessary, be signed by the judge, bear the date on which it was pronounced, and form a part of the record.
Rule 2 Order XX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Power to pronounce judgment written by judge's predecessor"
A Judge shall pronounce a judgment written, but not pronounced, by his predecessor.
Rule 3 Order XX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Judgment to be signed"
The judgment shall be dated and signed by the Judge in open Court at the time of pronouncing it and, when once signed, shall not afterwards be altered or added, to save as provided by section 152 or on review.
Rule 4 Order XX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Judgments of Small Cause Courts"
(1) Judgments of a Court of Small Causes need not contain
more than the points for determination and the decision
(2) Judgments of other Courts- Judgments of other Courts shall contain a concise statement of the case, the points for determination, the decision thereon, and the reasons for such decision.
Rule 5 Order XX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Court to state its decision on each issue"
In suits in which issues have been framed, the Court shall state its finding or decision, with the reasons therefor, upon each separate issue, unless the finding upon any one or more of the issues is sufficient for the decision of the suit.
*Shall be applicable to commercial disputes of a specified value by Act 4 of 2016, s. 16 and the Sch. (w.e.f. 23-10-2015)
Rule 5A Order XX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Court to inform parties as to where an appeal lies in cases where parties are not represented by pleaders"
Except where both the parties are represented by pleaders, the Court shall, when it pronounces its judgment in a case subject to appeal, inform the parties present in Court as to the Court to which an appeal lies and the period of limitation for the filing of such appeal and place on record the. information so given to the parties.
Rule 6 Order XX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Contents of decree"
(1) The decree shall agree with the judgment; it shall
contain the number of the suit, the names and descriptions
of the parties, their registered addresses, and particulars
of the claim, and shall specify clearly the relief granted
or other determination of the suit.
(2) The decree shall also state the amount of costs incurred in the suit, and by whom or out of what properly and in what proportions such costs are to be paid.
(3) The Court may direct that the costs payable to one party by the other shall be set off against any sum which is admitted or found to be due from the former to the latter.
Rule 6A Order XX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Last paragraph of judgment to indicate in precise terms the reliefs granted"
(1) The last paragraph of the judgment shall state in
precise terms the relief which has been granted by such
(2) Every endeavour shall be made to ensure that the decree is drawn up as expeditiously as possible, and, in any case, within fifteen days from the date on which the judgment is pronounced; but where the decree is not drawn up within the time aforesaid, the Court shall if requested so to do by a party desirous of appealing against the decree, certify that the decree has not been drawn up and indicate in the certificate the reasons for the delay, and thereupon-
(a) an appeal may be preferred against the decree without filing a copy of the decree and in such a case the last paragraph of the judgment shall, for the purposes of rule 1 of Order XLI, be treated as the decree; and
(b) so long as the decree is not drawn up, the last paragraph of the judgment shall be deemed to be the decree for the purpose of execution and the party interested shall be entitled to apply for a copy of that paragraph only without being required to apply for a copy of the whole of the judgment; but as soon as a decree is drawn up, the last paragraph of the judgment shall cease to have the effect of a decree for the purpose of execution or for any other purpose :
Provided that, where an application is made for obtaining a copy of only the last paragraph of the judgment, such copy shall indicate the name and address of all the parties to the suit.
Rule 6B Order XX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Copies of typewritten judgments when to be made available"
Where the judgment is type-written, copies of the type-written judgment shall, where it is practicable so to do, be made available to the parties immediately after the pronouncement of the judgment on payment, by the party applying for such copy, of such charges as may be specified in the rules made by the High Court.
Rule 7 Order XX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Date of decree"
The decree shall bear the day on which the judgment was pronounced, and, when the Judge has satisfied himself that the decree has been drawn up in accordance with the judgment, he shall sign the decree.
What is List of witnesses and summons to witnesses? What is the procedure for Production of witnesses without summons? What is the meaning of Expenses of witness to be paid into Court on applying for summons? How to Tender of expenses to witness? What is the Procedure where insufficient sum paid in? What is the meaning of Time, place and purpose of attendance to be specified in summons? What is Summons to produce document? What is Power to require persons present in Court to give evidence or produce document? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 of Order XVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908
Summons how served? What is the Time for serving summons? What is the Procedure whose witness fails to comply with summons? What is the meaning If witness appears attachment may be withdrawn? What is the Procedure if witness fails to appear? What is the Mode of attachment? What is the meaning of Court may of its own accord summon as witnesses strangers to suit? Rule 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 of Order XVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908
What is the Duty of persons summoned give evidence or produce document? When they may depart? What is Application of rule 10 to 13, Procedure where witness apprehended cannot give evidence or produce document? What is the meaning of No witness to be ordered to attend in person unless resident within certain limits? What is the Consequence of refusal of party to give evidence when called on by Court? What are the Rules as to witnesses to apply to parties summoned? Rule 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 and 21 of Order XVI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908
What are the Definitions? What is the Power to require attendance of prisoners to give evidence? What are the Expenses to be paid into Court? What is the Power of State Government to exclude certain persons from the operation of rule 2? What is the meaning of officer in charge of prison to abstain from carrying out order in certain cases? What is the meaning Prisoners to be brought to Court in custody? What is the Power to issue commission for examination of witness in prison? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 of Order XVII A of Code of Civil Procedure 1908
What is Right to begin? What is Statement and production of evidence? What is the Evidence where several issues? What is the meaning of Party to appear before other witnesses? Is Witnesses to be examined in open Court? How evidence shall be taken in appealable cases? When deposition to be interpreted? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Order XVIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908
What is Evidence under section 138? What is Memorandum when evidence not taken down by Judge? When evidence may be taken in English? Any particular question and answer way he taken down? What are the Questions objected to and allowed by Court? What is Remarks on demeanour of witnesses? Rule 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 of Order XVIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908
What is Memorandum of evidence in unappealable cases? When Judge unable to make such memorandum to record reasons of his inability? What is the Power to deal with evidence taken before another Judge? What is the Power to examine witness immediately? What is the meaning Court may recall and examine witness? What is Production of evidence not previously known or which could not be produced despite due diligence? What is the Power of Court to inspect? Rule 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 17A and 18 of Order XVIII of Code of Civil Procedure 1908
What is the Power to order any point to be proved by affidavit? What is the Power to order attendance of deponent for cross-examination? Matters to which affidavits shall be confined? Rule 1, 2 and 3 of Order XIX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908
Judgment when pronounced? What is the Power to pronounce judgment written by judge's predecessor? Is Judgment to be signed? What is Judgments of Small Cause Courts? What is the meaning Court to state its decision on each issue? What is the meaning of Court to inform parties as to where an appeal lies in cases where parties are not represented by pleaders? What are the Contents of decree? Is Last paragraph of judgment to indicate in precise terms the reliefs granted? Copies of typewritten judgments when to be made available, What is the Date of decree? Rule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5A, 6, 6A, 6B and 7 of Order XX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908
What is the Procedure where Judge has vacated office before signing decree? What is Decree for recovery of immovable property? What is Decree for delivery of movable property? What is the meaning Decree may direct payment by installments? What is Decree for possession and mesne profits? What is Decree in administration suit? What is Decree in pre-emption suit? Rule 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 12A, 13 and 14 of Order XX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908
What is Decree in suit for dissolution of partnership? What is Decree in suit for account between principal and agent? What is Special directions as to accounts? What is Decree in suit for partition of property or separate possession of a share therein? Decree when set-off or counter-claim is allowed? What is the meaning of Certifies copies of judgment and decree to be furnished? Rule 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 and 20 of Order XX of Code of Civil Procedure 1908