What is the Composition of Tribunals and Benches thereof? Section 5 of Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985
(1) Each Tribunal shall consist of a [Chairman and such number of Judicial
and Administrative Members] as the appropriate Government may deem fit and,
subject to the other provisions of this Act, the jurisdiction, powers and
authority of the Tribunal may be exercised by Benches thereof.
[(2) Subject to the other provisions of this Act, a Bench shall consist of one Judicial Member and one Administrative Member.]
[***] Sub-section (3) omitted by Act 19 of 1986, sec. 6 (w.r.e.f. 1.11.1985).
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the Chairman-
(a) may, in addition to discharging the functions of the
Judicial Member or the Administrative Member of the Bench to
which he is appointed, discharge the functions of the Judicial
Member or, as the case may be, the Administrative Member, of any
(b) may transfer a Member from one Bench to another Bench;
(c) may authorize the Judicial Member or the Administrative Member appointed to one Bench to discharge also the functions of the [Judicial Member or the Administrative Member, as the case may be,] of another Bench; and';
(d) may, for the purpose of securing that any case or cases which, having
regard to the nature of the questions involved, requires or require, in his
opinion or under the rules made by the Central Government in this behalf, to be
decided by a Bench composed of more than [two Members] issue such general or
special orders, as he may deem fit:
[Provided that every Bench constituted in pursuance of this clause shall include at least one Judicial Member and one Administrative Member.
(6) Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing provisions of this section, it shall be competent for the Chairman or any other Member authorized by the Chairman in this behalf to function as [a Bench] consisting of a Single Member and exercise the jurisdiction, powers and authority of the Tribunal in respect of such classes of cases or such matters pertaining to such classes of cases as the Chairman may by general or special order specify:
Provided that if at any stage of the hearing of any such case or matter it appears to the Chairman or such Member that the case or matter is of such a nature that it ought to be heard by a Bench consisting of [two Members], the case or matter may be transferred by the Chairman or, as the case may be, referred to him for transfer to, such Bench as the Chairman may deem fit.
(7) Subject to the other provisions of this Act, the Benches of the Central Administrative Tribunal shall ordinarily sit at New Delhi (which shall be known as the Principal Bench), Allahabad, Calcutta, Madras, New Bombay and at such other places as the Central Government may, by notification, specify.
(8) Subject to the other provisions of this Act, the places at which the principal Bench and other Benches of a State Administrative Tribunal shall ordinarily sit shall be such as the State Government may, by notification, specify.
ESTABLISHMENT OF TRIBUNALS AND BENCHES THEREOF
JURISDICTION, POWERS AND AUTHORITY OF TRIBUNALS