Fabricating false evidence under Indian Penal Code is defined under Section 192 of Indian Penal Code 1860. Provisions under section 192 are:
Whoever causes any circumstance to exist or 1[makes any false entry in any book or record, or electronic record or makes any document or electronic record containing a false statement,] intending that such circumstance, false entry or false statement may appear in evidence in a judicial proceeding, or in a proceeding taken by law before a public servant as such, or before an arbitrator, and that such circumstance, false entry or false statement, so appearing in evidence, may cause any person who in such proceeding is to form an opinion upon the evidence, to entertain an erroneous opinion touching any point material to the result of such proceeding is said "to fabricate false evidence".
(a) A puts jewels into a box belonging to Z, with the intention that they may be found in that box, and that this circumstance may cause Z to be convicted of theft. A has fabricated false evidence.
(b) A makes a false entry in his shop-book for the purpose of using it as corroborative evidence in a Court of Justice. A has fabricated false evidence.
(c) A, with the intention of causing Z to be convicted of a criminal conspiracy, writes a letter in imitation of Z's handwriting, purporting to be addressed to an accomplice in such criminal conspiracy, and puts the letter in a place which he knows that the officers of the police are likely to search. A has fabricated false evidence.
1. Subs. by Act 21 of 2000, s. 91 and the
First Sch., for certain words (w.e.f. 17-10-2000).
Section 120A, 120B of Indian Penal Code - What is criminal conspiracy? What is punishment for criminal conspiracy?
Section 141, 142 and 143 of Indian Penal Code - What is unlawful assembly? What is the punishment for unlawful Assembly?
Section 144 and 145 of Indian Penal Code - Joining unlawful assembly armed with deadly weapon, continuing and its punishment
Section 146, 147 and 148 of Indian Penal Code - Rioting, What is Punishment for rioting? Rioting armed with deadly weapon
Section 171B of Indian Penal Code - What is Bribery? What is Punishment for Bribery? Section 171 E of IPC
Section 172 of Indian Penal Code - What is the punishment for absconding to avoid summons?
Section 174 of Indian Penal Code - What is the punishment for non appearance in obedience to an order from public servant?
Section 191 of Indian Penal Code - What is false evidence?
Section 192 of Indian Penal Code - What is fabricating false evidence?
Section 193 of Indian Penal Code - What is the Punishment for false evidence?