Section 11 of Evidence Act "When facts not otherwise relevant become relevant"
Facts not otherwise relevant are relevant -
(1) If they are inconsistent with any fact is issue or relevant fact;
(2) If by themselves or in connection with other facts they make the existence or non-existence of any fact in issue or relevant fact highly probable or improbable
(a) The question is, whether A committed a crime at
Calcutta on a certain day.
The fact that, on that day, A was at Lahore is relevant.
The fact that, near the time when the crime was committed, A was at a distance from the place where it was committed. Which would render it highly improbable, though not impossible, that he committed it, is relevant.
(b) The question is, whether A committed a crime.
The circumstances are such that the crime must have been committed either by A,B,C or D. Every fact which shows that the crime could have been committed by no one else and that it was not committed by either B, C or D is relevant.
What is when facts not otherwise relevant become relevant Section 11 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is In suits for damages, facts tending to enable Court to determine amount are relevant What is Facts relevant when right or custom is in question Section 12 and 13 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Facts showing existence of state of mind, or of body or bodily feeling Section 14 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Facts bearing on question whether act was accidental or intentional Section 15 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Existence of course of business when relevant Admission defined Section 16 and 17 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Admission- by party to proceeding or his agent Section 18 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Admissions by persons whose position must be proved as against party to suit Admissions by persons expressly referred to by party to suit Section 19 and 20 of Indian Evidence Act 1872