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What are the Definitions in Section 2(10) to 2(22) of Indian Companies Act, 2013 Section 2(10), 2(11), 2(12), 2(13), 2(14), 2(15), 2(16), 2(17), 2(18), 2(19), 2(20), 2(21) & 2(22).

Section 2 of Indian Companies Act 2013 has definitions of different terms in used in the Act. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,

Section 2 (10) Board of Directors or Board, in relation to a company, means the collective body of the directors of the company;

Section 2 (11) body corporate or corporation includes a company incorporated outside India, but does not include

(i) a co-operative society registered under any law relating to co-operative
societies; and


(ii) any other body corporate (not being a company as defined in this Act), which the Central Government may, by notification, specify in this behalf;

Section 2 (12) book and paper and book or paper include books of account, deeds,
vouchers, writings, documents, minutes and registers maintained on paper or in
electronic form;

Section 2(13) books of account includes records maintained in respect of

(i) all sums of money received and expended by a company and matters in relation to which the receipts and expenditure take place;

(ii) all sales and purchases of goods and services by the company;

(iii) the assets and liabilities of the company; and

(iv) the items of cost as may be prescribed under section 148 in the case of a company which belongs to any class of companies specified under that section;

Section (14) branch office, in relation to a company, means any establishment described as such by the company;

Section 2(15) called-up capital means such part of the capital, which has been called for payment;

Section 2(16) charge means an interest or lien created on the property or assets of a company or any of its undertakings or both as security and includes a mortgage;

Section 2(17) chartered accountant means a chartered accountant as defined in clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Chartered Accountants Act, 1949 who holds a valid certificate of practice under sub-section (1) of section 6 of that Act;

Section 2(18) Chief Executive Officer means an officer of a company, who has been designated as such by it;

Section 2(19) Chief Financial Officer means a person appointed as the Chief Financial Officer of a company;

Section 2(20) company means a company incorporated under this Act or under any previous company law;

Section 2(21) company limited by guarantee means a company having the liability of its members limited by the memorandum to such amount as the members may respectively undertake to contribute to the assets of the company in the event of its being wound up;

Section 2(22) company limited by shares means a company having the liability of its members limited by the memorandum to the amount, if any, unpaid on the shares respectively held by them;


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