Section 251 of CRPC "Substance of accusation to be stated"
When in a summons-case the accused appears or is brought before the Magistrate, the particulars of the offence of which he is accused shall be stated to him, and he shall be asked whether he pleads guilty or has any defence to make, but it shall not be necessary to frame a formal charge.
In Section 251 of the Principal Act, after the word "bought before the Magistrate" the following shall be added :-
"Or appears through the medium of electronic video linkage in the
presence of his pleader in the Court".
[Vide Chhattisgarh Act 13 of 2006, s. 6]
Section 252 of CRPC "Conviction on plea of guilty"
If the accused pleads guilty, the Magistrate shall record the plea as nearly as possible in the words used by the accused and may, in his discretion, convict him thereon.
Section 253 of CRPC "Conviction on plea of guilty in absence of accused in petty cases"
(1) Where a summons has been issued under section
206 and the accused desires to plead guilty to the
charge without appearing before the Magistrate, he
shall transmit to the Magistrate, by post or by
messenger, a letter containing his plea and also the
amount of fine specified in the summons.
(2) The Magistrate may, in his discretion, convict the accused in his absence, on his plea of guilty and sentence him to pay the fine specified in the summons, and the amount transmitted by the accused shall be adjusted towards that fine, or where a pleader authorised by the accused in this behalf pleads guilty on behalf of the accused, the Magistrate shall record the plea as nearly as possible in the words used by the pleader and may, in his discretion, convict the accused on such plea and sentence him as aforesaid.
Section 254 of CRPC "Procedure when not convicted"
(1) If the Magistrate does not convict the accused
under section 252 or section 253, the Magistrate
shall proceed to hear the prosecution and take all
such evidence as may be produced in support of the
prosecution, and also to hear the accused and take
all such evidence as he produces in his defence.
(2) The Magistrate may, if he thinks fit, on the application of the prosecution or the accused, issue a summons to any witness directing him to attend or to produce any document or other thing.
(3) The Magistrate may, before summoning any witness on such application, require that the reasonable expenses of the witness incurred in attending for the purposes of the trial be deposited in Court.
TRIAL OF SUMMONS-CASES BY MAGISTRATES
Substance of accusation to be stated. What is conviction on plea of guilty? What is conviction on plea of guilty in absence of accused in petty cases? What is Procedure when not convicted? Section 251, 252, 253 and 254 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
What is Withdrawal of complaint? What are the Power to stop proceedings in certain cases? What is the Power of Court to convert summons-cases into warrant-cases? Section 257,258 and 259 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
What is Procedure for summary trials? What is Record in summary trials? What is Judgment in cases tried summarily? What is Language of record and judgment? Section 262, 263, 264 and 265 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
ATTENDANCE OF PERSONS CONFINED OR DETAINED IN PRISONS
What is the meaning of Detained, prison? What is Power to require attendance of prisoner? What is Power of State Government to exclude certain persons from operation of Section 267? Section 266, 267 and 268 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
Officer in charge of prison to abstain from carrying out order in certain contingencies, Prisoner to be brought to Court in custody and Power to issue commission for examination of witness in prison. Section 269, 270 and 271 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973