Section 168 of CRPC "Report of investigation by
subordinate police officer"
When any subordinate police officer has made any investigation under this Chapter, he shall report the result of such investigation to the officer in charge of the police station
Section 169 of CRPC "Release of accused when evidence
If, upon an investigation under this Chapter, it appears to the officer in charge of the police station that there is not sufficient evidence or reasonable ground of suspicion to justify the forwarding of the accused to a Magistrate, such officer shall, if such person is in custody, release him on his executing a bond, with or without sureties, as such officer may direct, to appear, if and when so required, before a Magistrate empowered to take cognizance of the offence on a police report, and to try the accused or commit him for trial.
Section 170 of CRPC "Cases to be sent to Magistrate when
evidence is sufficient"
(1) If, upon an investigation under this Chapter, it appears to the officer in charge of the police station that there is sufficient evidence or reasonable ground as aforesaid, such officer shall forward the accused under custody to a Magistrate empowered to take cognizance of the offence upon a police report and to try the accused or commit him for trial, or, if the offence is bailable and the accused is able to give security, shall take security from him for his appearance before such Magistrate on a day fixed and for his attendance from day to day before such Magistrate until otherwise directed.
(2) When the officer in charge of a police station forwards
an accused person to a Magistrate or takes security for his
appearance before such Magistrate under this section, he shall
send to such Magistrate any weapon or other article which it may
be necessary to produce before him, and shall require the
complainant (if any) and so many of the persons who appear to
such officer to be acquainted with the facts and circumstances
of the case as he may think necessary, to execute a bond to
appear before the Magistrate as thereby directed and prosecute
or give evidence (as the case may be) in the matter of the
charge against the accused.
(3) If the Court of the Chief Judicial Magistrate is mentioned in the bond, such Court shall be held to include any Court to which such Magistrate may refer the case for inquiry or trial, provided reasonable notice of such reference is given to such complainant or persons.
(4) The officer in whose presence the bond is executed shall deliver a copy thereof to one of the persons who executed it, and shall then send to the Magistrate the original with his report.
What is Report of investigation by subordinate police officer? What is Release of accused when evidence deficient? What are the Cases to be sent to Magistrate when evidence is sufficient? Section 168, 169 and 170 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
Complainant and witnesses not to be required to accompany police officer and not to be subjected to restraint. What is Diary of proceedings in investigation? Section 171 and 172 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973