Section 45S - Deposits not to be accepted in certain cases, Section 45T - Power to issue search warrants : RBI Act 1934



What is the meaning of Deposits not to be accepted in certain cases? What is the Power to issue search warrants? Section 45S and 45T of Reserve Bank of India Act 1934

Section 45-S of RBI Act 1934 : "Deposits not to be accepted in certain cases"

(1) No person, being an individual or a firm or an unincorporated association of individuals shall, accept any deposit-

(i) if his or its business wholly or partly includes any of the activities specified in clause (c) of section 45-I ; or

(ii) if his or its principal business is that of receiving of deposits under any scheme or arrangement or in any other manner, or lending in any manner :

Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall apply to the receipt of money by an individual by way of loan from any of his relatives or to the receipt of money by a firm by way of loan from the relative or relatives of any of the partners.

(2) Where any person referred to in sub-section (1) holds any deposit on the 1st day of April, 1997 which is not in accordance with sub-section (1), such deposit shall be repaid by that person immediately after such deposit becomes due for repayment or within three years from the date of such commencement, whichever is earlier :

Provided that if the Bank is satisfied on an application made by any person to the Bank that such person is unable to repay a part of the deposits for reasons beyond his control or such repayment shall cause extreme hardship to him, it may, by an order in writing, extend such period by a period not exceeding one year subject to such conditions as may be specified in the order.

(3) On and from the 1st day of April, 1997, no person referred to in sub-section (1) shall issue or cause to be issued any advertisement in any form for soliciting deposit.

Explanation.-For the purposes of this section, a person shall be deemed to be a relative of another if, and only if,-

(i) they are members of a Hindu undivided family; or

(ii) they are husband and wife; or

(iii) the one is related to the other in the manner indicated in the List of Relatives below :-

List of Relatives
1. Father, 2. Mother (including step-mother), 3. Son (including step-son),4. Son's wife, 5. Daughter (including step daughter), 6. Father's father, 7. Father's mother, 8. Mother's mother, 9. Mother's father, 10. Son's son, 11. Son's son's wife, 12. Son's daughter, 13. Son's daughter's husband, 14. Daughter's husband, 15. Daughter's son, 16. Daughter's son's wife, 17. Daughter's daughter, 18. Daughter's daughter's husband, 19. Brother (including step-brother), 20. Brother's wife, 21. Sister (including step-sister), 22. Sister's husband.


Section 45-T of RBI Act 1934 : "Power to issue search warrants"

(1) Any court having jurisdiction to issue a search warrant under the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) may, on an application by an officer of the Bank or of the State Government authorised in this behalf stating his belief that certain documents relating to acceptance of deposits in contravention of the provisions of section 45S are secreted in any place within the local limits of the jurisdiction of such court, issue a warrant to search for such documents.

(2) A warrant issued under sub-section (1) shall be executed in the same manner and shall have the same effect as a search warrant issued under the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974)


RBI ACT 1934

Section 45 N - Inspection

Section 45NA - Deposits not to be solicited by unauthorised persons

Section 45 NB - Disclosure of information

Section 45 NC - Power of Bank to exempt

Section 45Q - Chapter IIIB to override other laws

Section 45QA - Power of Company Law Board to order repayment of deposit



Section 45QB - Nomination by depositors


Section 45R - Interpretation

45S - Deposits not to be accepted in certain cases

Section 45T - Power to issue search warrants



Section 45U - Definitions


Section 45V - Transactions in derivatives

Section 45W - Power to regulate transactions in derivatives, money market instruments, etc

Section 45X - Duty to comply with directions and furnish information




Section 45Y - Joint Mechanism


Section 46 - Contribution by Central Government to the Reserve Fund

Section 46A - Contribution to National Rural Credit (Long Term Operations) Fund and National Rural Credit (Stabilization) Fund

Section 46C - National Industrial Credit (Long Term Operations) Fund

Section 46D - National Housing Credit (Long-Term Operations) Fund

Section 47 - Allocation of surplus profits

Section 48 - Exemption of Bank from income-tax and super-tax

Section 49 - Publication of Bank rate

Section 50 - Auditors

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