What is Cohabitation caused by a man deceitfully inducing a belief of lawful marriage? What is Marrying again during lifetime of husband or wife? What is Same offence with concealment of former marriage from person with whom subsequent marriage is contracted? What is Marriage ceremony fraudulently gone through without lawful marriage? What is Adultery? What is Enticing or taking away or detaining with criminal intent a married woman? What are the punishments? Section 493, 494, 495, 496, 497 and 498 of Indian Penal Code 1860.

Cohabitation caused by a man deceitfully inducing a belief of lawful marriage, Marrying again during lifetime of husband or wife, Same offence with concealment of former marriage from person with whom subsequent marriage is contracted, Marriage ceremony fraudulently gone through without lawful marriage, Adultery, Enticing or taking away or detaining with criminal intent a married woman are defined under Section 493, 494, 495, 496, 497 and 498 of Indian Penal Code 1860. Provisions under these sections are:

Section 493 of Indian Penal Code. "Cohabitation caused by a man deceitfully inducing a belief of lawful marriage"

 

Every man who by deceit causes any woman who is not lawfully married to him to believe that she is lawfully married to him and to cohabit or have sexual intercourse with him in that belief, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine.

 Section 494 of Indian Penal Code. "Marrying again during lifetime of husband or wife"

Whoever, having a husband or wife living, marries in any case in which such marriage is void by reason of its taking place during the life of such husband or wife, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.

Exception- This section does not extend to any person whose marriage with such husband or wife has been declared void by a court of competent jurisdiction,

nor to any person who contracts a marriage during. the life of a former husband or wife, if such husband or wife, at the time of the subsequent marriage, shall have been continually absent from such person for the space of seven years, and shall not have been heard of by such person as being alive within that time provided the person contracting such subsequent marriage shall, before such marriage takes place, inform the person with whom such marriage is contracted of the real state of facts so far as the same are with in his or her knowledge

Section 495 of Indian Penal Code. "Same offence with concealment of former marriage from person with whom subsequent marriage is contracted"

Whoever commits the offence defined in the last preceding section having concealed from the person with whom the subsequent marriage is contracted, the fact of the former marriage, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine.

Section 496 of Indian Penal Code. "Marriage ceremony fraudulently gone through without lawful marriage"

Whoever, dishonestly or with a fraudulent intention, goes through the ceremony of being married, knowing that he is not thereby lawfully married, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.

Section 497 of Indian Penal Code. "Adultery"

Whoever has sexual intercourse with a person who is and whom he knows or has reason to believe to be the wife of another man, without the consent or connivance of that man, such sexual intercourse not amounting to the offence of rape, is guilty of the offence of adultery, and shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to five years, or with fine, or with both. In such case the wife shall be punishable as an abettor.

Section 498 of Indian Penal Code. "Enticing or taking away or detaining with criminal intent a married woman"

Whoever takes or entices away any woman who is and whom he knows or has reason to believe to be the wife of any other man, from that man, or from any person having the care of her on behalf of that man, with intent that she may have illicit intercourse with any person, or conceals or detains with that intent any such woman, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.

OFFENCES RELATING TO DOCUMENTS AND PROPERTY MARKS

Section 463, 464 and 465 of Indian Penal Code 1860 - What is Forgery? What is making a false document? What is the punishment for forgery?

Section 466, 467, 468 and 469 of Indian Penal Code 1860 - What is Forgery of record of court or of public register, etc? What is making a false document? What is Forgery of valuable security, will, etc? What is Forgery for purpose of cheating? What is forgery for the purpose of harming reputation?

Section 470, 471, 472, 473 and 474 of Indian Penal Code 1860 - What is Forged document? What is using as genuine a forged document? What is Making or possessing counterfeit seal, etc., with intent to commit forgery punishable under section? What is Making or possessing counterfeit seal, etc., with intent to commit forgery punishable otherwise? What is Having possession of document described in section 466 or 467, knowing it to be forged and intending to use it as genuine?

Section 489A, 489B, 489C, 489D and 489E of Indian Penal Code 1860 - What is Counterfeiting currency notes of bank notes? What is using as genuine a forged document? What is Using as genuine, forged or counterfeit currency-notes or bank- notes? What is Possession of forged or counterfeit currency-notes or bank-notes? What is Making or possessing instruments or materials for forging or counterfeiting currency-notes or bank-notes? What is Making or using documents resembling currency-notes or bank-notes? What are the punishments?

OFFENCES RELATING TO MARRIAGE

Section 493, 494, 495, 496, 497 and 498 of Indian Penal Code 1860 - What is Cohabitation caused by a man deceitfully inducing a belief of lawful marriage? What is Marrying again during lifetime of husband or wife? What is Same offence with concealment of former marriage from person with whom subsequent marriage is contracted? What is Marriage ceremony fraudulently gone through without lawful marriage? What is Adultery? What is Enticing or taking away or detaining with criminal intent a married woman? What are the punishments?

 

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