What is Examination of complainant? What is Procedure by Magistrate not competent to take cognizance of the case? What is Postponement of issue of process? What is Dismissal of complaint? Section 200, 201, 202, 203 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

Examination of complainant,  Procedure by Magistrate not competent to take cognizance of the case, Postponement of issue of process and Dismissal of complaint are defined under Section 200, 201, 202 and 203 of CRPC 1973. Provisions under these sections are:

Section 200 of CRPC "Examination of complainant"

A Magistrate taking cognizance of an offence on complaint shall examine upon oath the complainant and the witnesses present, if any, and the substance of such examination shall be reduced to writing and shall be signed by the complainant and the witnesses, and also by the Magistrate:
Provided that, when the complaint is made in writing, the Magistrate need not examine the complainant and the witnesses-
(a) if a public servant acting or purporting to act in the discharge of his official duties or a Court has made the complainant; or
(b) if the Magistrate makes over the case for inquiry or trial to another Magistrate under section 192:
Provided further that if the Magistrate makes over the case to another Magistrate under section 192 after examining the complainant and the witnesses, the latter Magistrate need not re-examine them.

Section 201 of CRPC "Procedure by Magistrate not competent to take cognizance of the case"

If the complaint is made to a Magistrate who is not competent to take cognizance of the offence, he shall, -

(a) if the complaint is in writing, return it for presentation to the proper Court with an endorsement to that effect;

(b) if the complaint is not in writing, direct the complainant to the proper Court.

Section 202 of CRPC "Postponement of issue of process"

(1) Any Magistrate , on receipt of a complaint of an offence of which he is authorised to take cognizance or which has been made over to him under section 192, may, if he thinks fit, postpone the issue of process against the accused, and either inquire into the case himself or direct an investigation to be made by a police officer or by such other person as he thinks fit, for the purpose of deciding whether or not there is sufficient ground for proceeding:

Provided that no such direction for investigation shall be made, -

(a) where it appears to the Magistrate that the offence complained of is triable exclusively by the Court of Session; or

(b) where the complaint has not been made by a Court, unless the complainant and the witnesses present (if any) have been examined on oath under section 200.

(2) In an inquiry under sub-section (1), the Magistrate may, if he thinks fit, take evidence of witnesses on oath:

Provided that if it appears to the Magistrate that the offence complained of is triable exclusively by the Court of Session, he shall call upon the complainant to produce all his witnesses and examine them on oath.

(3) If an investigation under sub-section (1) is made by a person not being a police officer, he shall have for that investigation all the powers conferred by this Code on an officer in charge of a police station except the power to arrest without warrant.

Section 203 of CRPC "Dismissal of complaint"

If, after considering the statements on oath (if any) of the complainant and of the witnesses and the result of the inquiry or investigation (if any) under section 202, the Magistrate is of opinion that there is no sufficient ground for proceeding, he shall dismiss the complaint, and in every such case he shall briefly record his reasons for so doing.

CONDITIONS REQUISITE FOR INITIATION OF PROCEEDING

What is Cognizance of offences by Magistrates? What is Transfer on application of the accused? What is Making over of cases to Magistrates? Section 190, 191 and 192 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Cognizance of offences by Courts of Session? What is the meaning of Additional and Assistant Sessions Judges to try cases made over to them? What is Prosecution for contempt of lawful authority of public servants, for offences against public justice and for offences relating to documents given in evidence? Section 193, 194 and 195 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Prosecution for offences against the State and for criminal conspiracy to commit such offence? Section 196 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Prosecution of Judges and public servants? Section 197 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Prosecution for offences against marriage? Section 198 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Prosecution for defamation? Who can initiate defamation proceedings? Section 199 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

COMPLAINTS TO MAGISTRATES

What is Examination of complainant? What is Procedure by Magistrate not competent to take cognizance of the case? What is Postponement of issue of process? What is Dismissal of complaint? Section 200, 201, 202, 203 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Issue of process? Magistrate may dispense with personal attendance of accused,  What is Special summons in cases of petty offence? Section 204, 205 and 206 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

Supply to the accused of copy of police report and other documents & Supply of copies of statements and documents to accused in other cases triable by Court of Session. Section 207 and 208 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Commitment of case to Court of Session when offence is triable exclusively by it? What is Procedure to be followed when there is a complaint case and police investigation in respect of the same offence?. Section 209 and 210 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

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