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Section 58 - Mortgage, mortgagor, mortgagee, mortgage-money and mortgage-deed defined : Transfer of Property Act, 1882

 

 

What is Mortgage, mortgagor, mortgagee, mortgage-money and mortgage-deed defined? Section 58 of Transfer of Property Act, 1882

Section 58 of Transfer of Property Act 1882 : "Mortgage, mortgagor, mortgagee, mortgage-money and mortgage-deed defined"

58. (a) A mortgage is the transfer of an interest is specific immovable property for the purpose of securing the payment of money advanced or to be advanced by way of loan, an existing or future debt, or the performance of an engagement which may give rise to a pecuniary liability.

The transferor is called a mortgagor, the transferee a mortgagee; the principal money and interest of which payment is secured for the time being are called the mortgage-money, and the instrument (if any) by which the transfer is effected is called a mortgage-deed.

Simple mortgage.

(b) Where, without delivering possession of the mortgaged property, the mortgagor binds himself personally to pay the mortgage-money, and agrees, expressly or impliedly, that, in the event of his failing to pay according to his contract, the mortgagee shall have a right to cause the mortgaged property to be sold and the proceeds of sale to be applied, so far as may be necessary, in payment of the mortgage-money, the transaction is called a simple mortgage and the mortgagee a simple mortgagee.

Mortgage by conditional sale.

(c) Where the mortgagor ostensibly sells the mortgaged property-

on condition that on default of payment of the mortgage-money on a certain date the sale shall become absolute, or

on condition that on such payment being made the sale shall become void, or

on condition that on such payment being made the buyer shall transfer the property to the seller,

the transaction is called a mortgage by conditional sale and the mortgagee a mortgagee by conditional sale:

Provided that no such transaction shall be deemed to be a mortgage, unless the condition is embodied in the document which effects or purports to effect the sale.

Usufructuary mortgage.
(d) Where the mortgagor delivers possession or expressly or by implication binds himself to deliver possession of the mortgaged property to the mortgagee, and authorizes him to retain such possession until payment of the mortgage-money, and to receive the rents and profits accruing from the property or any part of such rents and profits and to appropriate the same in lieu of interest, or in payment of the mortgage-money, or partly in lieu of interest or partly in payment of the mortgage-money, the transaction is called an usufructuary mortgage and the mortgagee and usufructuary mortgagee.

English mortgage.
(e) Where the mortgagor binds himself to repay the mortgage-money on a certain date, and transfers the mortgaged property absolutely to the mortgagee, but subject to a proviso that he will re-transfer it to the mortgagor upon payment of the mortgage-money as agreed, the transaction is called an English mortgage.

Mortgage by deposit of title-deeds

 

(f) Where a person in any of the following towns, namely, the towns of Calcutta, Madras and Bombay, and in any other town which the State Government concerned may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf, delivers to a creditor or his agent documents of title to immovable property, with intent to create a security thereon, the transaction is called a mortgage by deposit of title-deeds.

Anomalous mortgage.
(g) A mortgage which is not a simple mortgage, a mortgage by conditional sale, an usufructuary mortgage, an English mortgage or a mortgage by deposit of title-deeds within the meaning of this section is called an anomalous mortgage.

 

TRANSFER OF PROPERTY ACT 1882

Section 41 - Transfer by ostensible owner

Section 42 - Transfer by person having authority to revoke former transfer

Section 43 - Transfer by unauthorised person who subsequently acquires interest in property transferred

Section 44 - Transfer by one co-owner

Section 45 - Joint transfer for consideration

 

 

Section 46 - Transfer for consideration by persons having distinct interests

Section 47 - Transfer by co-owners of share in common property

Section 48 - Priority of rights created by transfer

Section 49 - Transferee's right under policy

Section 50 - Rent bona fide paid to holder under defective title

 

 

Section 51 - Improvements made by bona fide holders under defective titles

Section 52 - Transfer of property pending suit relating thereto

Section 53 - Fraudulent transfer

Section 53A - Part performance

CHAPTER III
SALES OF IMMOVABLE PROPERTY

Section 54 - Sale defined

Section 55 - Rights and liabilities of buyer and seller

 

 

Section 56 - Marshalling by subsequent purchaser

Section 57 - Provision by Court for incumbrances, and sale freed therefrom

CHAPTER IV
OF MORTGAGES OF IMMOVABLE PROPERTY AND CHARGES

Section 58 - Mortgage, mortgagor, mortgagee, mortgage-money and mortgage-deed defined

Section 59 - Mortgage when to be by assurance

Section 59A - References to mortgagors and mortgagees to include persons deriving title from them

Section 60 - Right of mortgagor to redeem

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