www.Aaptaxlaw.com
 
 
 

Section 37 - Apportionment of benefit of obligation on severance : Transfer of Property Act, 1882

 

 

What is Apportionment of benefit of obligation on severance? Section 37 of Transfer of Property Act, 1882

Section 37 of Transfer of Property Act 1882 : "Apportionment of benefit of obligation on severance"

37. When, in consequence of a transfer, a property is divided and held in several shares, and thereupon the benefit of any obligation relating to the property as a whole passes from one to several owners of the property, the corresponding duty shall, in the absence of a contract to the contrary amongst the owners, be performed in favour of each of such owners in proportion to the value of his share in the property, provided that the duty can be severed and that the severance does not substantially increase the burden of the obligation; but if the duty cannot be severed, or if the severance would substantially increase the burden of the obligation, the duty shall be performed for the benefit of such one of the several owners as they shall jointly designate for that purpose:

Provided that no person on whom the burden of the obligation lies shall be answerable for failure to discharge it in manner provided by this section, unless and until he has had reasonable notice of the severance.

 

Nothing in this section applies to leases for agricultural purposes unless and until the State Government by notification in the Official Gazette so directs.

Illustrations
(a) A sells to B,C and D a house situate in a village and leased to E at an annual rent of Rs. 30 and delivery of one fat sheep, B having provided half the purchase money and C and D one quarter each. E, having notice of this, must pay Rs. 15 to B, Rs. 7½ to C, and Rs. 7½ to D, and must deliver the sheep according to the joint direction of B,C and D.

(b) In the same case, each house in the village being bound to provide ten days' labour each year on a dyke to prevent inundation. E had agreed as a term of his lease to perform this work for A, B, C and D severally require E to perform the ten days' work due on account of the house of each. E is not bound to do more than ten days' work in all, according to such directions as B,C and D may join in giving.

 

TRANSFER OF PROPERTY ACT 1882

Section 21 - Contingent interest

Section 22 - Transfer to members of a class who attain a particular age

Section 23 - Transfer contingent on happening of specified uncertain event

Section 24 - Transfer to such of certain persons as survive at some period not specified

Section 25 - Conditional transfer

 

 

Section 26 - Fulfillment of condition precedent

Section 27 - Conditional transfer to one person coupled with transfer to another on failure of prior disposition

Section 28 - Ulterior transfer conditional on happening or not happening of specified event

Section 29 - Fulfillment of condition subsequent

Section 30 - Prior disposition not affected by invalidity of ulterior disposition

 

 

Section 31 - Condition that transfer shall cease to have effect in case specified uncertain event happens or does not happen

Section 32 - Such condition must not be invalid

Section 33 - Transfer conditional on performance of act, no time being specified for performance

Section 34 - Transfer conditional on performance of act, time being specified

Section 35 - Election when necessary

 

 

Section 36 - Apportionment of periodical payments on determination of interest of person entitled

Section 37 - Apportionment of benefit of obligation on severance

Section 38 - Transfer by person authorised only under certain circumstances to transfer

Section 39 - Transfer where third person is entitled to maintenance

Section 40 - Burden of obligation imposing restriction on use of land

Home     About Us     Privacy Policy     Disclaimer    Contact Us  Sitemap