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Section 3 - Interpretation clause : Transfer of Property Act, 1882

 

 

What is Interpretation clause? Section 3 of Transfer of Property Act, 1882

Section 3 of Transfer of Property Act 1882 : "Interpretation clause"

3. In this Act, unless there is something repugnant in the subject or context,-

"Immovable property" does not include standing timber, growing crops or grass;

"instrument" means a non-testamentary instrument;

"attested", in relation to an instrument, means and shall be deemed always to have meant attested by two or more witnesses each of whom has seen the executant sign or affix his mark to the instrument, or has seen some other person sign the instrument in the presence and by the direction of the executant, or has received from the executant a personal acknowledgement of his signature or mark, or of the signature of such other person, and each of whom has signed the instrument in the presence of the executant; but it shall not be necessary that more than one of such witnesses shall have been present at the same time, and no particular form of attestation shall be necessary;

"registered" means registered in any part of the territories to which this Act extends under the law for the time being in force regulating the registration of documents;

"attached to the earth" means-

(a) rooted in the earth, as in the case of trees and shrubs;

(b) embedded in the earth, as in the case of walls or buildings; or

(c) attached to what is so embedded for the permanent beneficial enjoyment of that to which it is attached,

"actionable claim" means a claim to any debt, other than a debt secured by mortgage of immovable property or by hypothecation or pledge of movable property, or to any beneficial interest in movable property not in the possession, either actual or constructive, of the claimant, which the Civil Courts recognize as affording grounds for relief, whether such debt or beneficial interest be existent, accruing, conditional or contingent;

"a person is said to have notice" of a fact when he actually knows that fact, or when, but for wilful abstention from an inquiry or search which he ought to have made, or gross negligence, he would have known it.

Explanation I : Where any transaction relating to immovable property is required by law to be and has been effected by a registered instrument, any person acquiring such property or any part of, or share or interest in, such property shall be deemed to have notice of such instrument as from the date of registration or, where the property is not all situated in one sub-district, or where the registered instrument has been registered under sub-section (2) of section 30 of the 1Indian Registration Act, 1908 (16 of 1908), from the earliest date on which any memorandum of such registered instrument has been filed by any Sub-Registrar within whose sub-district any part of the property which is being acquired, or of the property wherein a share or interest is being acquired, is situated :

Provided that-
(1) the instrument has been registered and its registration completed in the manner prescribed by the 1Indian Registration Act, 1908 (16 of 1908) and the rules made thereunder,

 

(2) the instrument or memorandum has been duly entered or filed, as the case may be, in books kept under section 51 of that Act, and

(3) the particulars regarding the transaction to which the instrument relates have been correctly entered in the indexes kept under section 55 of that Act.

Explanation II : Any person acquiring any immovable property or any share or interest in any such property shall be deemed to have notice of the title, if any, of any person who is for the time being in actual possession thereof.

Explanation III : A person shall be deemed to have had notice of any fact if his agent acquires notice thereof whilst acting on his behalf in the course of business to which that fact is material :

Provided that, if the agent fraudulently conceals the fact, the principal shall not be charged with notice thereof as against any person who was a party to or otherwise cognizant of the fraud.

 

TRANSFER OF PROPERTY ACT 1882

Section 2 - Repeal of Acts - Saving of certain enactments, incidents, rights, liabilities, etc

Section 3 - Interpretation clause

Section 4 - Enactments relating to contracts to be taken as part of Contract Act and supplemental to the Registration Act

CHAPTER II
OF TRANSFERS OF PROPERTY BY ACT OF PARTIES
A - Transfer of property, whether movable or immovable

Section 5 - Transfer of property defined

 

 

Section 6 - What may be transferred

Section 7 - Persons competent to transfer

Section 8 - Operation of transfer

Section 9 - Oral transfer

Section 10 - Condition restraining alienation

 

 

Section 11 - Restriction repugnant to interest created

Section 12 - Condition making interest determinable on insolvency or attempted alienation

Section 13 - Transfer for benefit of unborn person

Section 14 - Rule against perpetuity

Section 15 - Transfer to class some of whom come under sections 13 and 14

 

 

Section 16 - Transfer to take effect on failure of prior interest

Section 17 - Direction for accumulation

Section 18 - Transfer in perpetuity for benefit of public

Section 19 - Vested interest

Section 20 - When unborn person acquires vested interest on transfer for his benefit

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