Payment of Gratuity Act 1972
Section 1 of Payment of Gratuity Act 1972: "Short title,
extent, application and commencement"
1. (1) This Act may be called the Payment of
Gratuity Act, 1972.
(2) It extends to the whole of India:
Provided that in so far as it relates to plantations or
ports, it shall not extend to the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
(3) It shall apply to-
(a) every factory, mine, oilfield, plantation, port and
railway company ;
(b) every shop or establishment within the meaning of any law
for the time being in force in relation to shops and
establishments in a State, in which ten or more persons are
employed, or were employed, on any day of the preceding twelve
(c) such other establishments or class of establishments, in
which ten or more employees are employed, or were employed, on
any day of the preceding twelve months, as the Central
Government may, by notification, specify in this behalf.
(3A) A shop or establishment to which this Act has become
applicable shall continue to be governed by this Act
notwithstanding that the number of persons employed therein at
any time after it has become so applicable falls below ten.
(4) It shall come into force on such date as the Central
Government may, by notification, appoint.
2 - Definitions
2A - Continuous service
3 - Controlling authority
4 - Payment of gratuity
4A - Compulsory insurance
5 - Power to exempt
6 - Nomination
7 - Determination of the amount of gratuity
7A - Inspectors
7B - Powers of Inspectors
8 - Recovery of gratuity
9 - Penalties
10 - Exemption of employer from liability in certain cases
11 - Cognizance of offences
12 - Protection of action taken in good faith
13 - Protection of gratuity
13A - Validation of payment of gratuity
14 - Act to override other enactments, etc
15 - Power to make rules