Section 5 - Bill of exchange : Negotiable Instruments Act 1881



What is Bill of exchange? Bill of exchange is defined under Section 5 of Negotiable Instruments Act 1881

Section 5 of Negotiable Instruments Act 1881: "Bill of exchange"

A "bill of exchange" is an instrument in writing containing an unconditional order, signed by the maker, directing a certain person to pay a certain sum of money only to, or to the order of, a certain person or to the bearer of the instrument.

A promise or order to pay is not "conditional" within the meaning of this section and section 4, by reason of the time for payment of the amount or any installment thereof being expressed to be on the lapse of a certain period after the occurrence of a specified event which, according to the ordinary expectation of mankind, is certain to happen, although the time of its happening may be uncertain.


The sum payable may be "certain", within the meaning of this section and section 4, although it includes future interest or is payable at an indicated rate of exchange, or is according to the course of exchange, and although the instrument provides that, on default of payment of an installment, the balance unpaid shall become due.

The person to whom it is clear that the direction is given or that payment is to be made may be "certain person", within the meaning of this section and section 4, although he is misnamed or designated by description only.


Negotiable Instruments Act 1881


Section 4 - Promissory Note

Section 5 - Bill of exchange

Section 6 - Cheque

Section 7 - Drawer, Drawee



Section 8 - Holder

Section 9 - Holder in Due Course

Section 10 - Payment in due Course

Section 11 - Inland Instrument

Section 12 - Foreign Instrument



Section 13 - Negotiable Instrument

Section 14 - Negotiation

Section 15 - Endorsement

Section 16 - Endorsement in blank and in full endorsee



Section 17 - Ambiguous instruments

Section 18 - Where amount is stated differently in figures and words

Section 19 - Instruments payable on demand

Section 20 - Inchoate stamped instruments

Home     About Us     Privacy Policy     Disclaimer    Contact Us  Sitemap